Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

An illustrated catalogue of type specimens of the bathyal brittlestar genera Ophiomusium Lyman and Ophiosphalma H. L. Clark (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea)

ALAN N. BAKER

Abstract


Type specimens of 61 species of the bathyal ophiuriod genera Ophiomusium Lyman and Ophiosphalma H.L. Clark are illustrated and their main features outlined, to form a partial catalogue for current and future workers. Thirty-nine species of Ophiomusium and 22 of Ophiosphalma are recognised, based largely on the number of exposed tentacle pores on the basal ventral arm plates. Most of the Ophiosphalma listed here are new combinations from their original genus, Ophiomusium. Ophiomusium sculptum Verrill is a junior subjective synonym of O. acuferum Lyman, and Ophiosphalma fimbriatum (Koehler) is a junior subjective synonym of O. glabrum (Lütken & Mortensen). The subspecies Ophiomusium fimbriatum atlanticum Hertz and Ophiomusium facunda muta Hertz are elevated to full species.  Because of their bathyal habitat (<4000 m), representatives of these genera are relatively rare in collections, and it will require fresh material of a range of sizes, for morphological comparison and for DNA analysis, to reliably confirm their taxonomic validity and clarify their relationships.

 


Keywords


Echinodermata, Morphology, taxonomy, world-wide bathyal ophiuroids

Full Text:

PDF (8MB)

References


Baker, A.N. (1979) Some Ophiuroidea from the Tasman Sea and adjacent waters. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 6, 21–51, 8 figs.

Baker, A.N. & Devaney, D.M. (1981) New records of Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from Southern Australia, including new species of Ophoiacantha and Ophionereis. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 105 (4) 155–178.

Borges, M. & Amaral, A.C.Z. ( 2007) Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata): quatro novas ocorrências para o Brasil. Revista Brassileria de Zoologica, 24, 855–864.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752007000400001

Borges, M. & Campos, L. de Siqueira (2011) Ophiomusium acuferum (Ophiolepididae and Ophiomisidium pulchellum (Ophiuridae) (Ophiuroidea: Echinodermata) redescription based on the Brazilian specimens. Zoologia, 28, 219–225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-46702011000200010

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976) The Echinoderms of South Africa. British Museum of Natural History Publication 766, 277 pp, 276 figs.

Clark, A.H. (1936) Reports on the collections obtained by the first Johnson-Smithsonian deep-sea expedition 1933 to the Puerto Rico deep. Four new brittlestars from Porto Rico. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 91, 1–18.

Clark, A.H. (1949) Ophiuroidea of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 195, 3–133.

Clark, H.L. (1911) North Pacific Ophiurans in the collection of the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 75, 1–302, figs 1–144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.75.1

Clark, H.L. (1915) Catalogue of recent ophiurans: based on the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University,25, 165–376, pls 1–20.

Clark, H.L. (1917) Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific in the charge of Alexander Agassiz by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer Albatross, from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Grant U.S.N. commanding. XXX. Ophiuroidea. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 61, 429–453, pls 1–5.

Clark, H.L. (1928) The sea-lilies, sea stars and sea urchins of the South Australian Museum. Records of the South Australian Museum, 3, 361–482 figs 108–142.

Clark, H.L. (1939) Ophiuroidea. Scientific reports of the John Murray Expedition, 6, 29–136, figs 1–62.

Clark, H.L. (1941) Reports on the scientific results of the Atlantis Expeditions to the West Indies. Echinoderms (other than Holothurians) Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural ‘Felipe Poey’, 15, 54 pp.

Dartnall, A.J. (1980) Tasmanian Echinoderms. Fauna of Tasmania Handbook No. 3 Fauna of Tasmania Committee, Hobart 82 pp, 36 figs, 5 pls.

Downey, M.E. (1969) Cataog of Recent Ophiuroid Type Specimens in Major Collections in the United States. United States National Museum Bulletin, 293, 1–239.

Fell, H.B. (1960) Synoptic Keys to the Genera of Ophiuroidea. Zoology Publications from Victoria University of Wellington, 26, 44 pp.

Guille, A. (1981) Echinodermes: Ophiurides. Mémoires ORSTOM 91, 413–456, 4 figs, 9 pls.

Guille, A. & Vadon, C. (1986) Ophiuridae de l’ocean Indien profund. Indo-Malayan Zoology, 3, 167–188.

Gouzhen, L. (1987) Deep-sea Ophiurans in the South China Sea. Nanhai Studia Marina Sinica, 8, 143–153, pl 1.

Hendler, G. (1996) Class Ophiuroidea In: Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel Vol 14. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, pp. 113–179.

Hendler, G. (1998) Implications of the remarkable ontogenetic changes in some deep sea brittle stars. Echinoderms: San Francisco, Mooi and Telford (Eds) Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 353–358, Figs 1, 2.

Hertz, M. (1927) Die Ophiuroiden der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition. 1 Chilophiurida Mats. (Ophiolepididae, Ophioleucida, Ophiodermatidae, Ophiocomidae). Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse de Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer ‘Valdivia’, 1898–1899, 22, pp. 59–122, pls 6–9.

Irimura, S. (1982) The Brittlestars of Sagami Bay. Biological Laboratory, Imperial Household, Japan, 95 pp, 15 pls.

Koehler, R. (1897) Échinodermes recueillis par l’Investigator dans l’Océan Indien. I. Les ophiures de mer profonde. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, 8, 227–272, pls 5–9.

Koehler, R. (1904) Ophiures de mer profonde. Siboga Expeditie, 45, 1–176, pls 1–36.

Koehler, R. (1909) Échinodermes provenant des campagnes du yacht ‘Princess Alice’ (Asteries, Ophiuries, Echinides, at Crinoïdes). Resultats des campagne scientifique accomplies sur son yacht par Albert ler Prince de Monaco 34, Monaco, 317 pp, 32 pls.

Koehler, R. (1914) A contribution to the study of ophiurans of the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 84, 1–173, pls 1–18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.84.1

Koehler, R. (1922) Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. Ophiurians of the Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 100, 1–486, pls 1–103.

Koehler, R. (1930) Ophiures recueilles par le Docteur Th. Mortensen dans les Mers d’Australie et dans l’Archipel Malais. Videnskabelige Meddeleser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 89, 1–295, pls 1–22

Liao, Y. & Clark, A.M. (1995) The echinoderms of southern China. Science Press. Beijing: 614 pp, 23 pls.

Litvinova, N.M. (1981) Brittle stars (Ophiuroidea). In: Benthos of the submarine mountains Marcus-Necker and adjacent pacific regions. Academy of Science of the USSR. P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, pp. 113–131.

Lyman, T. (1869) Preliminary Report on the Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae dredged in deep waters between Cuba and the Florida Reef, by L.F. de Pourtales, Assist. U.S. Coast Survey. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 1, 309–354.

Lyman, T. (1875) Zoological Results of the Hassler Expedition. 2. Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae. Illustrated Catalogue of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 8, 1–34, 5 pls.

Lyman, T. (1878) Ophiurans and Astrophytons. Reports on the dredging operations of the U.S. coast survey ship Blake. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 5, 65–168, 10 pls.

Lyman, T. (1882) Report on Ophuroidea. Reports of the scientific results of the voyage of HMS Challenger Expedition 2. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College, 6 (2), 17–83.

Lütken C.F. & Mortensen, T. (1899) Reports on an exploration of the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, in the charge of Alexander Agassiz by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer Albatross during 1891, Lieut. Commander Z.L. Tanner U.S.N., commanding. XXV The Ophiuroidea. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 23, 93–208, pls 1–23.

Madsen, F.J. (1951) Ophiuroidea, Reports of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition, 2, 107–117.

Martynov, A.V. & Litvinova, N.M. (2008) Deep-water Ophiuroidea of the northern Atlantic with descriptions of three new species and taxonomic remarks on certain genera and species. Marine Biology Research, 4, 76–111.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17451000701840066

Matsumoto, H. (1917) A Monograph of Japanese Ophiuroidea, arranged according to a new classification. Journal of the College of Science, 38, 1–408, figs 1–100.

McClendon, J.F. (1909) The ophiurans of the San Diego region. University of California Publications in Zoology 6, 33–64, 478 (errata).

Mortensen, T. (1933) The echinoderms of St Helena (other than crinoids). Videnskabelige Meddeleser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 93, 401–472.

Mortensen, T. (1936) Echinoidea and Ophiuroidea. Discovery Reports, 12, 199–348, 9 pls.

O’Hara, T.D. (1990) New records of Ophiuridae, Ophiacanthidae, and Ophiocomidae (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from south-eastern Australia. Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria, 50, 287–305, 2 figs.

Paterson, G.L.J. (1985) The deep-sea Ophiuroidea of the North Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 49, 1–162, figs 1–59.

Rowe, F.W.E. & Gates, J. (1995) Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol. 33 Echinodermata, CSIRO Australia, Melbourne, 1–510 pp.

Schöner, A. (1967) Post-larval development of five deep-sea ophiuroids. Deep-Sea Research, 14, 645–660.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0011-7471(67)80003-2

Stöhr, S. (2011) New records and new species of Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from Lifou, Loyalty Is, New Caledonia. Zootaxa, 3089, 1–50.

Stöhr, S. (2015) Ophiomusium atlanticum Hertz, 1927. In: Stoehr, S., O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds), (2015) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species .

Turner, R.L. (1999) The tagmatized echinoderm. Beche-de-Mer information Bulletin, 11, 35.

Wyville-Thomson, C. (1873) The Depths of the Sea. Macmillan & Co., London, 527 pp, 84 figs, 8 pls.

Vadon C. & Guille, A. (1984) Les Ophiuridae (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata) de la campagne MD 32 du ‘Marion-Dufresne’ autour de l’ile de La Réunion. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturalle, Paris 6, 583–615.

Verrill, A.E. (1899) Report on the Ophiuroidea collected by the Bahama Expedition in 1893. Bulletin of the Laboratories of Natural History of the State of Iowa, 5, 1–18, pls 1–8.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.1.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand