Molluscan ResearchISSN 1323-5818
 An international journal of the Malacological Society of Australasia and 
the Society for the Study of Molluscan Diversity published by Magnolia Press

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Molluscan Research 31(3): 159-166; published 30 Nov. 2011
Copyright © The Malacological Society of Australasia & the Society for the Study of Molluscan Diversity

ITS1 DNA sequences reveal population genetic differentiation and structure in the Chinese clam Cyclina sinensis (Veneridae: Bivalvia)


1 School of Life Sciences, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cyto-Genetical and Molecular Regulation, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, P R China, 300387

2 School of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, P R China, 300071

*Corresponding authorEmail:



The genetic diversity and structure of 10 populations of Cyclina sinensis distributed along coastal regions in China were investigated by sequencing ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer1 (ITS1). The lengths of the ITS1 sequences of C. sinensis ranged from 564 to 595 nucleotides. Forty-two allelic sequences [nucleotide diversity; π=0.033; θ (per site) based on the total number of mutations=0.048] have been identified from a total of 80 individuals. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences, using a sample from Japan as outgroup, recovered a topology containing two major clades. One clade comprised the samples from the China Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea and the Dong Sea (northern and middle parts of the China Sea), the other clade represented the those from the South China Sea. FST values indicated significant differences in each pairwise combination of populations representing each of the two clades, while the AMOVA analysis showed that the majority of genetic variation (67.7%) was attributable to variation between the two main clades, with 25.7% attributable to within-population variation and 6.6% to between populations within groups. These results suggest strong genetic structure among the Chinese populations of C. sinensis. Evolutionary rate analysis implies that the two main clades have experienced population isolation since the late Pleistocene (approximately 0.35and1.91MY ago), due to coastal freshwater intrusions and/or cold current upwelling.

Key words: Genetic differentiation; genetic structure; AMOVA; biogeographic barrier

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