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Article
Published: 2021-09-15

Two new species of Aristolochia series Thyrsicae (Aristolochiaceae) from southern Central America, with comments on morphologically similar species

Research Associate, Herbario Luis A. Fournier Origgi (USJ), Universidad de Costa Rica, Apdo. 11501-2060, San José, Costa Rica.
Los Charcos de Osa, Centro de Diversidad de Plantas Regionales, Apdo. 76–8203, Península de Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
Research Associate, Herbario Luis A. Fournier Origgi (USJ), Universidad de Costa Rica, Apdo. 11501-2060, San José, Costa Rica. Herbario Luis A. Fournier Origgi (USJ), Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Ecología Tropical, Jardín Botánico Lankester, and Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica, Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Apdo.11501−2060, San José, Costa Rica.
Aristolochia chapmaniana Aristolochia fragrantissima Aristolochia ovalifolia Aristolochia schmidtiana Aristolochia tonduzii Costa Rica Panama pellucid gland dots taxonomy Magnoliids

Abstract

Aristolochia longissima and Aristolochia ornithorhyncha, two new species from the lowland moist forest from the Pacific watershed of southern Costa Rica and western Panama, are described and illustrated. Both species can be distinguished from most other species of Aristolochia series Thyrsicae, because of their leaves with pellucid gland dots, which are here documented in Aristolochiaceae for the first time. Comments about their distribution, habitat, phenology, conservation status and distinction from related species are provided. The circumscription of Aristolochia belizensis, A. chapmaniana, A. fragrantissima, A. ovalifolia, A. schmidtiana and A. tonduzii is discussed.

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