Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-11-23

A new Dionysia (Primulaceae) species from southern Turkey, the most western species of the Irano-Turanian genus

Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Mustafa Kemal University, 31040 Hatay, Turkey
New species Primulaceae Dionysia zeynepiae Turkey Mediterranean Flora Eudicots

Abstract

A new Dionysia species, D. zeynepiae, is described from Antakya, a Mediterranean province in southern Turkey. It differs from all other known species of the genus by the presence of the trifid corolla lobes (vs. entire, emarginate or bifid lobes). This is the most western and most separated population of this mostly Irano-Turanian genus, which is distributed mainly in the Zagros Mountains (Iran) and adjacent areas. The floral morphology of the heterostylous flowers is also described in detail.

References

  1. Banks, J. & Solander, D.C. (1794) In: Russel, A. (ed.) Natural History of Aleppo 2. London. 430 pp.

  2. Boissier, E. (1846) Diagnoses plantarum orientalium novarum, 1 (7). Lipsiae, 130 pp.

  3. Bornmüller, J.F. (1899) Drei neue Dionysien. Bulletin de l’Herbier Boissier 7: 66–74.

  4. Bornmüller, J.F. & Hausknecht, A. (1903) Weitere Beiträge Gattung Dionysia. Bulletin de l’Herbier Boissier 2 (3): 590–595.

  5. Bornmüller, J.F. (1937) Fünfter Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Gattung Dionysia. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 41: 179−180.  https://doi.org/10.1002/fedr.4870412604

  6. Clay, S. (1937) Present-Day Rock Garden: Being a Complementary Volume to Farrer's. The English Rock-Garden. London, 681 pp.

  7. Fenzl, E. (1843) Plantarum generum et specierum novarum decas prima. Flora 26 (1): 389−404.

  8. Grey-Wilson, C. (1974) Some Notes on Iranian Dionysias (Primulaceae). Kew Bulletin 29 (4): 687–694.  https://doi.org/10.2307/4108134

  9. Grey-Wilson, C. (1989) The genus Dionysia. Alpine Garden Society, St. Johns, 172 pp.

  10. Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.) (2012) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul. 1290 pp.

  11. Güzel, Y., Güzelşemme, M. & Miski, M. (2015) Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used in Antakya: a multicultural district in Hatay Province of Turkey. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 174: 118–152.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.07.042

  12. IUCN Standards and Petitions Committee (2019) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 14. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf (accessed 22 November 2021)

  13. Lamond, J. (1978) Dionysia. In: Davis, P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands, Edinburgh University Press.

  14. Lehmann, J.G.C. (1817) Monographia Generis Primularum. Sumptibus J.A. Barth, Lipsiae, 95 pp.  https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59233

  15. Lidén, M. (2007) The genus Dionysia (Primulaceae), a synopsis and five new species. Willdenowia 37: 37–61.  https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.37.37102

  16. Linnaeus, C. (1752) Species plantarum. 2 vols. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm], 1200 pp.

  17. Mehregan, I., Younes, S. & Lidén, M. (2021) Donysia avia (Primulaceae), a new species from Zagros Mountains, Iran. Phytotaxa 511: 296−300. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.511.3.9

  18. Pax, F.A. (1910) Einen neuen Primulaceentypus aus Persien: Jahres-Bericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Cultur 87: 19−21.

  19. Salih, R.H.M. & Ahmad, S.A. (2011) The Morphology and Palynology Study of Dionysia odora Fenzl. (Primulaceae) in Iraqi-Kurdistan. Ibn Al-Haitham Journal for Pure and Applied Science 24 (3): 1–8.

  20. Thiers, B. (2021) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ (accessed 6 February 2021)

  21. Trift, I., Lidén, M. & Anderberg, A.A. (2004) Phylogeny and biogeography of Dionysia (Primulaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 165 (5): 845–860. https://doi.org/10.1086/422047

  22. Türkmen, N. & Düzenli, A. (1998) The flora of Dörtyol and Erzin district of Hatay Province in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 22 (2): 121–142.

  23. Wendelbo, P.E.B. (1961a) Studies in Primulaceae I. A monograph of the genus Dionysia. Arbok for Universitetet i Bergen, Matematisk Naturvitenskapelig 3: 39–76.

  24. Wendelbo, P. (1961b) Studies in Primulaceae II. An account of Primula subg. Sphondylia with a review of the subdivision of the genus. Arbok for Universitetet i Bergen, Matematisk Naturvitenskapelig 4: 1–49.

  25. Wendelbo, P. (1961c) Studies in Primulaceae III. On the genera related to Primula with special reference to their pollen morphology. Arbok for Universitetet i Bergen, Matematisk Naturvitenskapelig 5: 1–31.

  26. Wendelbo, P. (1964) Studies in Primulaceae IV. The genus Dionysia in Afghanistan with descriptions of 6 new species. Arbok for Universitetet i Bergen, Matematisk Naturvitenskapelig 19: 1–28.

  27. Wendelbo, P. (1965) Primulaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.) Flora iranica 9. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 37 pp.

  28. Wendelbo, P. (1967) A new Dionysia (Primulaceae) from the Bakhtiari Mountains of Iran. Botaniska Notiser 120: 144–148.

  29. Wendelbo, P. (1970) New and noteworthy species of Primulaceae from Flora Iranica-area. Botaniska Notiser 123 (2): 300–309

  30. Wendelbo, P. (1971) On xeromorphic adaptations in the genus Dionysia (Primulaceae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 75: 249–254.

  31. Younesi, S., Mehregan, I., Assadi, M., Nejadsattari, T. & Lidén, M. (2016) Dionysia robusta (Primulaceae), a new species from W Iran. Willdenowia 46: 105–112. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.46.46108

  32. Zainy, M., Al-Ansari, N., Bauer, T. & Ask, M. (2017) The tectonic and structural classifications of the western part of the Zagros fold and thrust belt, North Iraq. Review and discussion. Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering 7 (2): 71–89.