Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-01-10

Bulbostylis litoreamazonicola, a new species of Cyperaceae from the Brazilian Amazonian coast

Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia/Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas – Botânica Tropical, Av. Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, 66077-830, Belém, PA, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Campus de Engenharia e Ciências Agrárias. BR 104 Norte KM 85 S/N Mata do Rolo, Rio Largo, Alagoas, CEP 57100-000, Alagoas, Brazil.
Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste, C.C. 209, 3400 Corrientes, Argentina.
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi - MPEG, Campus de Pesquisa, Coord. Botânica - COBOT, Av. Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, 66077-830, Belém, PA, Brasil.
Amazon restinga Abildgaardieae Cyperoideae Poales open areas taxonomy Monocots

Abstract

A new species of Bulbostylis (Cyperaceae), only known from the Brazilian Amazonian coast, is here described and illustrated. Bulbostylis litoreamazonicola was found growing over dunes, in seasonally flooded restinga vegetation, and in humid fields near the mangroves from the State of Pará, Northern Brazil. This is the fifth Brazilian-native species of Bulbostylis lacking a persistent stylopodium on the mature fruit. The new species is mainly characterized by its annual habit, simple anthelate inflorescences, densely hispid to hispidulous longitudinally ribbed scapes, pubescent glumes, and cordiform nutlets.

References

  1. Amaral, D.D., Prost, M.T., Bastos, M.N.C., Costa-Neto, S.V. & Santos, J.U.M. (2008) Restingas do litoral amazônico, estados do Pará e Amapá, Brasil. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi série Ciências Naturais 3: 35–67.

  2. Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A.W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011) Supporting Red List threat assessments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assessment tool. ZooKeys 150: 117–126.  https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.150.2109

  3. Cardoso, D., Särkinen, T., Alexander, S., Amorim, A.M., Bittrich, V., Celis, M., Daly, D.C., Fiaschi, P., Funk, V.A., Giacomin, L.L., Goldenberg, R., Heiden, G., Iganci, J., Kelloff, C.L., Knapp, S., Lima, H.C., Machado, A.F.P., Santos, R.M., Mello-Silva, R., Michelangeli, R.F.A., Mitchell, J., Moonlight, P., Moraes, P.L.R., Mori, S.A., Nunes, T.S., Pennington, T.D., Pirani, J.R., Prance, G.T., Queiroz, L.P., Rapini, A., Riina, R., Rincon, C.A.V., Roque, N., Shimizu, G., Sobral, M., Stehmann, J.R., Stevens, W.D., Taylor, C.M., Trovó, M., Berg, C. van den, Werff, H. van der, Viana, P.L., Zartman, C.E. & Forzza, R.C. (2017) Amazon plant diversity revealed by a taxonomically verified species list. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 10695–10700. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1706756114

  4. Goetghebeur, P. (1998) Cyperaceae. In: Kubitzki, K. (Ed.) The families and genera of vascular plant: IV. Flowering plants – monocotyledons. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 141–190.

  5. Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1971) Fimbristylis and Bulbostylis: generic limits as seen by a student of southern African species. Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 10: 549–574.

  6. Hamilton, W. (1825) Prodromus plantarum Indiae occidentalis. Treuttel & Würtz, London, 81 pp.

  7. Harris, J.G. & Harris, M.W. (2001) Plant Identification Terminology and Illustrated Glossary. 2nd Edition. Spring Lake, Utah: Spring Lake Publishing, 215 pp.

  8. IUCN (2019) Standards and Petitions Committee. Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 14. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf. (accessed 5 January 2021).

  9. Koyama, T. (1974) A new species of Bulbostylis (Cyperaceae) from Brazil. Bradea 1: 429–432.

  10. Kunth, K.S. (1837) Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 2. 592 pp.

  11. Kral, R. & Davidse, G. (1987) A new species of Bulbostylis (Cyperaceae) from Tropical America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 437–439. 

  12. Kral, R. (1971) A treatment of Abildgaardia, Bulbostylis and Fimbristylis (Cyperaceae) for North America. Sida 4: 57–227.

  13. Larridon, I., Zuntini, A.R., Barrett, R.L., Wilson, K.L., Bruhl, J.J., Goetghebeur, P., Baker, W.J., Brewer, G.E., Epitawalage, N., Fairlie, I., Forest, F., Kikuchi, I.A.B.S., Pokorny, L., Semmouri, I., Spalink, D., Simpson, D.A., Muasya, A.M. & Roalson, E.H. (2021) Resolving generic limits in Cyperaceae tribe Abildgaardieae using targeted sequencing. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society XX. 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/boaa099

  14. López, M.G., Prata, A.P. & Thomas, W.W. (2007) New synonymy and new distributional records in Bulbostylis (Cyperaceae) from South America. Brittonia 59: 88–96.

  15. Lye, K.A. (1996) A new subspecies of Bulbostylis hispidula (Cyperaceae) from Somalia, Willdenowia 25: 595–600.

  16. Lye, K.A. (1973) Studies in African Cyperaceae VIII: The taxonomic position of Abildgaardia Vahl and Nemum Hamilton. Botaniska Notiser 126: 325–329.

  17. Maciel-Silva, J.F. (2021) The genus Bulbostylis Kunth (Cyperaceae) in Pará state, Amazon, Brazil. Dissertation (in preparation).

  18. Nunes, C.S., Bastos, M.N.C. & Gil, A.S.B. (2016) Flora das cangas da Serra dos Carajás, Pará, Brasil: Cyperaceae. Rodriguésia 67: 1329–1366.

  19. Prata, A.P., Camelbeke, K., Reynders, M., Fédon, I.R. & Goetghebeur, P. (2007) Bulbostylis medusae (Cyperaceae) a new species from Venezuela. Novon 17: 67–71.

  20. Prata, A.P.N., López, M.G. & Thomas, W.W. (2017) New species of Bulbostylis (Cyperaceae) from South America. Phytotaxa 314: 219–230. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.314.2.3

  21. Prata, A.P.N., López, M.G., Wanderley, M.G.L., Thomas, W.W. (2021) Bulbostylis in Flora do Brasil 2020. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Available from: http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB7153 (accessed 11 January 2021)

  22. QGIS Development Team (2016) QGIS 2.14.19 Brighton software. Geographic Information System. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Project. Available from: http://doc.qgis.org (accessed 3 December 2020)

  23. Reutemann, A.G., Ardissone, R.E., López, M.G., Muchut, S.E., Boldrini, I., Vegetti, A.C. & Giussani, L.M. (2018) Phylogenetic relationships in Bulbostylis (Abildgaardieae: Cyperaceae) inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data. Systematics and Biodiversity 16: 1–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2018.1442885

  24. Reutemann, A.G., Vegetti, A.C. & Pozner, R. (2012) Structure and development of the style base in Abildgaardia, Bulbostylis, and Fimbristylis (Cyperaceae, Cyperoideae, Abildgaardieae). Flora 207: 223–236.

  25. Reutemann, A.G., Guarise, N.J., López, M.G. & Vegetti, A.C. (2009) Structure of inflorescences of selected South American species of Abildgaardia Vahl, Bulbostylis Kunth and Fimbristylis Vahl (Abildgaardieae-Cyperoideae-Cyperaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 283: 93–110.

  26. Roalson, E.H, Prata, A.P, Mesterhaìzy, A., Chase, M., Simpson, D.A, Thomas, W.W. & Larridon, I. (2019) A broader circumscription of Bulbostylis including Nemum (Abildgaardieae: Cyperaceae). Phytotaxa 395: 199–208. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.395.3.4

  27. Santos, J.U.M., Gorayeb, I.S. & Bastos, M.N.C. (1999) Diagnóstico para a avaliação e ações prioritárias para conservação da biodiversidade da zona costeira e marinha amazônica. Available from: http://rodadas.anp.gov.br/arquivos/Round7/arquivos_r7/PERFURACAO_R7/refere/RegiaoNorte.pdf (accessed 5 January 2021)

  28. Semmouri, I., Bauters, K., Léveillé-Bourret, É., Starr, J.R., Goetghebeur, P. & Larridon, I. (2018) Phylogeny and Systematics of Cyperaceae, the Evolution and Importance of Embryo Morphology. Botanical Review 85: 1–39.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12229-018-9202-0

  29. Silva, C.L.B., Nunes, C.S., Schneider, L.J.C., Silva, J.F.M., Alves, K.N.L., Conde, M.L.G., Fernandes-Junior, A.J. & Gil, A.S.B. (2021) Cyperaceae Juss. nos campos de natureza de Cametá, Pará, Amazônia, Brasil. Iheringia Serie Botanica 76.  https://doi.org/10.21826/2446-82312021v76e2021005

  30. Simpson, D.A. (2006) A flora da Reserva Ducke, Amazonas, Brasil: Cyperaceae. Rodriguésia 57: 171–188. https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860200657204

  31. Thiers, B. (2020 onwards) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/ (accessed 11 December 2020)

  32. Vahl, M. (1805) Enumeratio Plantarum vel ab aliis, vel ab ipso observatarum, cum earum differentiis specificis, synonymis selectis et descriptionibus succinctis. Enumeratio Plantarum 2: 229.

  33. WCSP (2021) World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet. Available from http://wcsp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved (accessed 16 December 2021).