Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-01-13

Morphological and molecular evidence confirms a new species, Riccia subcrinita YouL.Xiang & R.L.Zhu) and Riccia junghuhniana Nees & Lindenb. (Ricciaceae, Marchantiophyta) new to China

Bryology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
Bryology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300, China
Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300, China
Bryology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
Bryology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
Bryology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China; Tiantong National Station of Forest Ecosystem, Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Processes and Eco-Restoration, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
Complex thalloid liverworts Hepaticae liverworts new record new species Riccia crinita Bryophytes

Abstract

Riccia is the largest genus of complex thalloid liverworts (Marchantiopsida) with over 250 species currently accepted. Our recent investigation of Chinese liverworts found two interesting Riccia species, R. junghuhniana and Riccia subcrinita sp. nov. Riccia junghuhniana is currently known from Australia and Indonesia, while Riccia subcrinita is known only from China. Riccia subcrinita is similar to R. crinita, but differs in having smaller spores (56–71 µm in diameter), and spore distal surface and proximal surface alveoli without thick borders. The sequences of rbcL, rps4, and trnL-F, detailed descriptions, and illustrations of the Chinese specimens are provided. The range extension of R. junghuhniana suggests that more taxa of Riccia may have a wider distribution. The discovery of R. junghuhniana and the new species also suggests that a more intensive survey of Riccia diversity in China is necessary.

References

  1. Anonymous (1848) Proceedings of learned societies. Linnean Society. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser. 2) 1: 375–387.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03745485809496124

  2. Borovichev, E.A. & Bakalin, V.A. (2015) Range extension for Riccia nipponica and comments on the R. crystallina complex (Ricciaceae, Hepaticae). Polish Botanical Journal 60: 173–178.  https://doi.org/10.1515/pbj-2015-0025

  3. Boulay, J.N. (1904) Muscinées de la France. Deuxième partie. Hépatiques. Paul Klincksieck, Paris, 224 pp.

  4. Braun, A. (1821) Bemerkungen über einige Lebermoose. Flora 4 (2): 754–757.

  5. Brotero, F.A. (1804) Flora Lusitanica, pars II. Typographia Regia, Olissopone [Lisboa], 607 pp.

  6. Cargill, D.C., Beckmann, K. & Seppelt, R. (2021) Taxonomic revision of Riccia (Ricciaceae, Marchantiophyta) in the monsoon tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 34: 336–430.

  7. Cargill, D.C., Neal, W.C., Sharma, I. & Gueidan, C. (2016) A preliminary molecular phylogeny of the genus Riccia L. (Ricciaceae) in Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 29: 197–217.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SB16018

  8. Chernomor, O., von Haeseler, A. & Minh, B.Q. (2016) Terrace aware data structure for phylogenomic inference from supermatrices. Systematic Biology 65: 997–1008.  https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syw037

  9. Corda, A.J.C. (1829) Genera Hepaticarum. In: Opiz, P.M. (Ed.) Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte als Fortsetzung des Naturalientausches No. 12. C.W. Enders, Praha, 643–655.

  10. Gottsche, C.M., Lindenberg, J.B.W. & Nees, C.G. (1846) Synopsis Hepaticarum, fasc. 4. Meissner, Hamburg, 465–624.

  11. Hoffmann, G.F. (1795) Deutschlands Flora. Cryptogamie. Johan Jakob Palm, Erlangen, 200 pp.

  12. Howe, M.A. (1898) New American Hepaticae. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 25: 183–192.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2477701

  13. Jovet-Ast, S. (2000) Documents pour la connaissance des Riccia australiens (Hépatiques, Marchantiales) – nouvelles récoltes. Taxons nouveaux. Commentaires morphologiques et écologiques. Cryptogamie, Bryologie 21: 289–343.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1290-0796(00)01042-7

  14. Kalyaanamoorthy, S., Minh, B.Q., Wong, T.K.F., von Haeseler, A. & Jermiin, L.S. (2017) ModelFinder: fast model selection for accurate phylogenetic estimates. Nature Methods 14: 587–589.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.4285

  15. Kashyap, S.R. (1914) Morphological and biological notes on new and little known West Himalayan Liverworts. I. New Phytologist 13 (6/7): 206–226.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1914.tb05751.x

  16. Katoh, K. & Standley, D.M. (2013) MAFFT multiple sequence alignment software version 7: improvements in performance and usability. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 772–780.  https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst010

  17. Konstantinova, N.A., Bakalin, V.A., Andrejeva, E.N., Bezgodov, A.G., Borovichev, E.A., Dulin, M.V. & YuS, M. (2009) Checklist of liverworts (Marchantiophyta) of Russia. Arctoa 18: 1–64.  https://doi.org/10.15298/arctoa.18.01

  18. Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum, ed. 1. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm], 1200 pp.

  19. Linnaeus, C. (1759) Systema Naturae. Tomus II. Editio Decima, Reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm], 825–1384.

  20. Minh, B.Q., Schmidt, H.A., Chernomor, O., Schrempf, D., Woodhams, M.D., von Haeseler, A. & Lanfear, R. (2020) IQ-TREE 2: New models and efficient methods for phylogenetic inference in the genomic era. Molecular Biology and Evolution 37: 1530–1534.  https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msaa015

  21. Müller, J., Müller, K., Neinhuis, C. & Quandt, D. (2010) PhyDE: Phylogenetic Data Editor v0.9971. Available from: www.phyde.de (accessed 12 January 2022)

  22. Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Da Fonseca, G.A.B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.  https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501

  23. Na-Thalang, O. (1980) A revision of the genus Riccia (Hepaticae) in Australia. Brunonia 3: 61–140.  https://doi.org/10.1071/BRU9800061

  24. Özenoðlu, H., Kirmaci, M. & Kiremit, F. (2019) Contributions to the genus Riccia L. (Ricciaceae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 43: 253–261.  https://doi.org/10.3906/bot-1801-25

  25. Perold, S.M. (1995) The taxonomic history of the Ricciaceae (1937–1995) and a classification of sub-Saharan Ricciae. Bothalia 25: 211–231.  https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v25i1.729

  26. Perold, S.M. (1999) Flora of southern Africa. Hepatophyta. Part I: Marchantiopsida. Fascicle I: Marchantiidae. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria, 249 pp.

  27. Piippo, S. (1990) Annotated catalogue of Chinese Hepaticae and Anthocerotae. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 68: 1–192.

  28. Ronquist, F., Teslenko, M., van der Mark, P., Ayres, D.L., Darling, A., Höhna, S., Larget, B., Liu, L., Suchard, M.A. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2012) MRBAYES 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model selection across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61: 539–542. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/sys029

  29. Ros, R.M., Mazimpaka, V., Abou-Salama, U., Aleffi, M., Blockeel, T.L., Brugués, M., Cano, M.J., Cros, R.M., Dia, M.G., Dirkse, G.M., El Saadawi, W., Erdað, A., Ganeva, A., González-Mancebo, J.M., Herrnstadt, I., Khalil, K., Kürschner, H., Lanfranco, E., Losada-Lima, A., Refai, M.S., Rodriguez-Nunez, S., Sabovljevi, M., Sérgio, C., Shabbara, H.M., Sim-Sim, M. & Söderström, L. (2007) Hepatics and Anthocerotes of the Mediterranean, an annotated checklist. Cryptogamie, Bryologie 28: 351–437.

  30. Schuster, R.M. (1992) The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America. VI. Columbia University Press, New York, 937 pp.

  31. Seppelt, R.D. (1998) The genus Riccia (Marchantiales, Ricciaceae) in South Australia. Hikobia 12 (4): 317–341.

  32. Seppelt, R.D. & Laursen, G.A. (1999) Riccia cavernosa Hoffm. E, emd Raddi, new to the Arctic and the bryoflora of Alaska. Hikobia 13: 71–76.

  33. Sérgio, C. & Sim-Sim, M. (1989) Riccia incrassata Brotero, a neglected name of Oxymitra paleacea Bisch. ex Lindenb. Journal of Bryology 15: 659–663.  https://doi.org/10.1179/jbr.1989.15.4.659

  34. Shu, L., Jin, X.-J. & Zhu, R.-L. (2021) Novel classification and biogeography of Leptolejeunea (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta) with implications for the origin and evolution of the Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12798

  35. Söderström, L., Hagborg, A., von Konrat, M., Bartholomew-Began, S., Bell, D., Briscoe, L., Brown, E., Cargill, D.C., Cooper, E.D., Costa, D.P., Crandall-Stotler, B.J., Dauphin, G., Engel, J.J., Feldberg, K., Glenny, D., Gradstein, S.R., He, X., Ilkiu-Borges, A.L., Heinrichs, J., Hentschel, J., Katagiri, T., Konstantinova, N.A., Larrain, J., Long, D.G., Nebel, M., Pócs, T., Puche, F., Reiner-Drehwald, E., Renner, M.A.M., Sass-Gyarmati, A., Schäfer-Verwimp, A., Segarra Moragues, J.G., Stotler, R.E., Sukkharak, P., Thiers, B.M., Uribe, J., Váňa, J., Villareal, J.C., Wigginton, M., Zhang, L. & Zhu, R.-L. (2016) World checklist of hornworts and liverworts. PhytoKeys 59: 1–828.  https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.59.6261

  36. Stephani, F. (1898) Species Hepaticarum 1. Bulletin de l’Herbier Boissier 6: 309–343.

  37. Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis Version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30 (12): 2725–2729.  https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

  38. Taylor, T. (1846) New Hepaticae. London Journal of Botany 5: 365–417.

  39. Wang, L.S., Jia, Y., Zhang, X.C. & Qin, H.N. (2018) Species Catalogue of China. Vol. 1 Plants. A Synoptic Checklist (I). Science Press, Beijing. pp. 1–141.

  40. Wang, Y., Zhao, Y., Song, L., Xie, Y. & Bai, X.-L. (2016) Morphological characteristics and geographical distribution of Riccia albolimbata and Riccia setigera (Ricciaceae). Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica 36: 0618–0623.

  41. Wigginton, M.J. (2018) Checklist and distribution of the liverworts and hornworts of sub-Saharan Africa, including the East African Islands. Tropical Bryology Research Repports 9: 1–138.

  42. Xiang, Y.-L. & Zhu, R.-L. (2019) Sphaerocarpales (Marchantiophyta) new to China, with special references to a new species of Sphaerocarpos from Hengduan Mountains. The Bryologist 122 (4): 586–596.  https://doi.org/10.1639/0007-2745-122.4.586