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Article
Published: 2022-06-21

Three new species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae) from the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil

Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Pacheco Leão, 915, 22460-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e Ambientais, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Unidade II, 79804-970, Caixa Postal 364, Dourados, MS, Brazil
Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Praça Dom Helvécio, 74, Fábricas, 36301-160, São João del-Rei, MG, Brazil
Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR-465, Km 7, 23890-000, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil
Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Pacheco Leão, 915, 22460-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Brazilian flora Eugenia sect. Schizocalomyrtus Eugenia sect. Umbellatae Myrteae neotropical region taxonomy Rio de Janeiro Espírito Santo Eudicots

Abstract

Three new species of Eugenia from the Atlantic rainforest of southeastern Brazil are here described, illustrated and compared with morphologically similar species. Additionally, a distribution map is provided and preliminary conservation statuses are proposed. Eugenia cabofriana can be recognized by its tomentose young shoots and leaves, fasciculiform inflorescences, tomentose pedicels and ovary, and glabrous calyx. Eugenia longimitra is remarkably distinctive due to its auxotelic and racemiform inflorescences, and flower buds with a rostrate apiculum, which at anthesis opens often through a calyptra or sometimes by irregular longitudinal tearing in two halves. Eugenia pachypoda can be recognized mainly by its leaves with adaxially biconvex midvein, petioles absent or up to 2 mm long, leaf bases obtuse or cordiform, pedicels corky and detaching in thin, longitudinal plates, and flower buds with the calyx visibly less pilose than the ovary.

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