Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-06-21

A new Peruvian species of Epidendrum (Laeliinae: Orchidaceae) belonging to the Epidendrum incomptum group

Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 430 Lincoln Drive
Herbario AMO, Montañas Calizas 490, Miguel Hidalgo, CDMX, 11000, México
Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 430 Lincoln Drive
Andes Bongará Chisquilla Epidendrum tamaense montane forests taxonomy Monocots

Abstract

A new species of Epidendrum from the northern Peruvian department of Amazonas belonging to the Incomptum group is described and illustrated. Epidendrum olorteguii is similar to E. tamaense but is easily distinguished by having the flowers green to yellow or rarely ivory white, the sepals lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, the petals narrowly elliptic, acuminate, and the lip trilobed, with lateral lobes prominent, transversely sub-rectangular, basal corners narrowly rounded, distal corner widely rounded and the mid-lobe with two obliquely triangular lobes, the sides involute, the apex with a short, thickened, narrowly triangular, reflexed apiculus. Information on its distribution, habitat, phenology, and conservation status are provided. On the other hand, E. olorteguii is also compared with three morphologically similar species, E. incomptum, E. tamaense and E. ornis.

References

  1. Acuña-Tarazona, M.E., Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2019) Epidendrum choccei (Orchidaceae), a new species from northern Peru. Phytotaxa 394 (1): 98–104. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.394.1.7

  2. Bennett, D.E. & Christenson, E.A. (1993) Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum. Part 1. A. Pastorelli de Bennett, pl. 92–118.

  3. Bennett, D.E. & Christenson, E.A. (1995) Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum. Part 2. A. Pastorelli de Bennett, pl. 306–325.

  4. Bennett, D.E. & Christenson, E.A. (1998) Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum. Part 3. A. Pastorelli de Bennett, pl. 499–515.

  5. Bennett, D.E. & Christenson, E.A. (2001) Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum. Part 4. A. Pastorelli de Bennett, pl. 687–712.

  6. Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993) Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany, Missouri Botanical Garden 45: 1286 pp.

  7. Chase, M.W., Cameron, K.M., Freudenstein, J.V., Pridgeon, A.M., Salazar, G., van den Berg, C. & Schuiteman, A. (2015) An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 151–174.  https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12234

  8. Foldats, E. (1968) Contribución a la orquidioflora de Venezuela. Acta Botánica Venezuelica 3 (1-4): 305–426.

  9. Goicochea, A., Gutiérrez, A., Ruiz, A. & Salas, M. (2019) Orquídeas del Perú: Relación de Especies y sus Sinónimos. Corporación G y G E.I.R.L., Moyobamba, Perú. 288 pp.

  10. Granados Mendoza, C., Jost, M., Hágsater, E., Magallón, S., van den Berg, C., Moriarty Lemmon, E., Lemmon, A.R., Salazar, G.A. & Wanke, S. (2020) Target Nuclear and Off-Target Plastid Hybrid Enrichment Data Inform a Range of Evolutionary Depths in the Orchid Genus Epidendrum. Frontiers in Plant Science 10: 1761.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01761

  11. Hágsater, E. (1984) Towards an Understanding of the Genus Epidendrum. In Tan, K.W. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Eleventh World Orchid Conference, Miami, U.S.A. pp. 195–201.

  12. Hágsater, E. & Salazar, G.A. (1993) The genus Epidendrum, Part 1. A century of new species in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum 2: 101–200.

  13. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2001) The genus Epidendrum, Part 3. A third century of new species in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum 4: 401–500.

  14. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2004) The genus Epidendrum, Part 4. A fourth century of new species in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum 7: 701–800.

  15. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2006) The genus Epidendrum, Part 5. Icones Orchidacearum 8: 801–900.

  16. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2007) The genus Epidendrum, Part 6. Icones Orchidacearum 9: 901–1000.

  17. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2008) The genus Epidendrum, Part 7. Icones Orchidacearum 11: 1101–1200.

  18. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2009) The genus Epidendrum, Part 8. Icones Orchidacearum 12: 1201–1300.

  19. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2010) The genus Epidendrum, Part 9. Icones Orchidacearum 13: 1301–1400.

  20. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2013) The genus Epidendrum, Part 10. Icones Orchidacearum 14: pl. 1401–1500.

  21. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2015) The genus Epidendrum, Part 11. Icones Orchidacearum 15 (1): 1501–1568.

  22. Hágsater, E. & Sánchez, S.L. (2016) The genus Epidendrum, Part 11. Icones Orchidacearum 15 (2): 1569–1600.

  23. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2018a) The genus Epidendrum, Part 12. Icones Orchidacearum 16 (1): 1601–1667.

  24. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2018b) The genus Epidendrum, Part 12. Icones Orchidacearum 16 (2): 1668–1700.

  25. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2019) The genus Epidendrum, Part 13. Icones Orchidacearum 17 (1): 1701–1756.

  26. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2020a) The genus Epidendrum, Part 13. Icones Orchidacearum 17 (3): 1757–1800.

  27. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2020b) The genus Epidendrum, Part 14. Species new & old in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum 18 (1): 1801–1848.

  28. Hágsater, E. & Santiago, E. (2021) The genus Epidendrum, Part 14. Icones Orchidacearum 18 (2): 1849–1850.

  29. Hágsater, E. & Soto-Arenas, M.A. (2005) Epidendrum. In: Pridgeon, A.M, Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (Eds.) Genera Orchidacearum, 4: Epidendroideae (Part 1). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, pp. 236–251.

  30. Hágsater, E., Sánchez, S.L. & García-Cruz, J. (1999) The genus Epidendrum, Part 2. A second century of new species in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum 3: 301–400.

  31. Linnaeus, C. (1763) Species plantarum, Ed. 2. Impensis direct, Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, pp. 1347–1353.

  32. Navarro, R., Quispe-Melgar, W.C & Hágsater, E. (2020), Epidendrum curimarcense (Orchidaceae), a new species from central Peru, Lankesteriana 20 (1): 7–13.  https://doi.org/10.15517/lank.v20i1.40781

  33. Presl, C. (1830) Reliquiae Haenjeanae, seu, Description et icones plantarum: quas in America merdicionali et boreali, in insulis Philippinis et Marianus collegit Thaddaeus Haenke 1: 1–356, figs. 1–98.

  34. Quispe-Melgar, H.R., Llacua-Tineo, Y.S., Ames-Martínez, F.N., Huayta, D., Lagones P., K.L. & Hágsater, E. (2022) Epidendrum alejandrinae (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae), a new species from the high Andean forests of central Peru. Phytotaxa 541 (3): 217–224.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.541.3.1

  35. Schweinfurth, C. (1959) Orchids of Peru. Fieldiana Botany 30: 261–531.

  36. Schweinfurth, C. (1970) First Supplement to the Orchids of Peru. Fieldiana: Botany 30: 1–1026.

  37. Ulloa Ulloa, C. (2019) Orchids from Peru. In: Ulloa Ulloa, C., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Beck, S., Belgrano, M.J., Bernal, R., Berry, P.E., Brako, L., Celis, Ma., Davidse, G., Forzza, R.C., Gradstein, S.R., Hokche, O., León, B., León-Yánez, S., Magill, R.E., Neill, D.A., Nee, M., Raven, P.H., Stimmel, H., Strong, M.T., Villaseñor, J.L., Zarucchi, J.L., Zuloaga, F.O. & Jørgensen, P.M. (2019 onwards), Vascular Plants of the Americas (VPA) Website. Tropicos, Botanical Information System at the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Available from: http://www.tropicos.org/Project/VPA (accessed 25 November 2019)

  38. Ulloa Ulloa, C., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Beck, S., Belgrano, M.J., Bernal, R., Berry, T.E., Brako, L., Celis, M., Davidse, G., Forzza, R.C., Gradstein, S.R., Hokche, O., Léon, B., Léon-Yánez, S., Magill, R.E., Neill, D.A., Nee, M., Raven, P.H., Stimmel, H., Strong, M.T., Villaseñor, J.L., Zarucchi, J.L., Zuloaga, F.O. & Jørgensen, P.M. (2017) An Integrative assessment of the vascular plant species of the Americas. Science 358: 1614–1617. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao0398

  39. Ulloa Ulloa, C., Zarucchi, J. & León, B. (2004) Diez años de adiciones a la flora del Perú: 1993–2003. Arnaldoa, Ed. Especial, pp. 7–242.  https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.63538

  40. WCSP (2020) World checklist of selected plant families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Available from: http://apps.kew. org/wcsp/ (accessed 1 May 2020)

  41. Zelenko, H. & Bermudez, P. (2009) Orchid Species of Peru. Zai Publications, Quito, 407 pp.