Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-08-01

Gymnopus wutaishanensis (Omphalotaceae, Agaricales) a new species from North China

College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Xisanhuanbeilu 105, Haidian, Beijing 100048, China
Shanxi Institute for Functional Foods, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taiyuan 030031, China
College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Xisanhuanbeilu 105, Haidian, Beijing 100048, China
basidiomycetes mushroom phylogeny taxonomy Fungi

Abstract

Gymnopus wutaishanensis sp. nov. is described and illustrated from north China. Our molecular phylogenetic analyses based on ITS and LSU sequences supported the establishment of the new species and positioned it in Gymnopus sect. Impudicae. Morphologically, this new species is diagnosed by the combination of basidiomata with tangy and unpleasant odor when fresh, pale orange to pinkish brown pileus, white and relatively dense lamellae, hairy stipes and small basidiospores of (4–)5–6(–7) × (2–)2.5–4 μm.

References

  1. Alfaro, M.E., Zoller, S. & Lutzoni, F. (2003) Bayes or bootstrap? A simulation study comparing the performance of Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling and bootstrapping in assessing phylogenetic confidence. Molecular Biology & evolution 20 (2): 255–266.  https://doi.or/10.1093/molbev/msg028

  2. Antonín, V., Halling, R.E. & Noordeloos, M.E. (1997) Generic concepts within the groups Marasmius and Collybia sensu lato. Mycotaxon 63: 359‒368.

  3. Antonín, V. & Noordeloos, M.E. (1997) A monograph of Marasmius, Collybia and related genera in Europe. Part 1: Marasmius, Setulipes and Marasmiellus. Libri Botanici 8: 1–256.

  4. Antonín, V. & Noordeloos, M.E. (2010) A monograph of marasmioid and collybioid fungi in Europe. IHW Verlag, Eching, 478 pp.

  5. Antonín, V., Sedlák, P. & Tomšovský, M. (2013) Taxonomy and phylogeny of European Gymnopus subsection Levipedes (Basidiomycota, Omphalotaceae). Persoonia 31: 179–187.

  6. Bi, Z.S., Zheng, G.Y. & Li, T.H (1994) Macrofungus flora of Guangdong Province. Guangdong Science and Technology Press.

  7. Bulliard, J.B.F. (1783) Herbier de la France. Vol. 3. London Press. pp. 97–144

  8. Castresana, J. (2000) Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17 (4): 540–552. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026334

  9. Coimbra, V.R.M., Pinheiro, F.G.B., Wartchow, F. & Gibertoni, T.B. (2015) Studies on Gymnopus sect. Impudicae (Omphalotaceae, Agaricales) from Northern Brazil: two new species and notes on G. montagnei. Mycol Progress 14: 110 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-015-1131-2

  10. Della Maggiora, M. (2014) Nomenclatural novelties. Index Fungorum 171: 1–1.

  11. Deng, S.F. (2016) Taxonomy of Gymnopus and preliminary study of Marasmiaceae resource in South China. College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.

  12. Desjardin, D.E. & Perry, B.A. (2017) The gymnopoid fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) from the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, West Africa. Mycosphere 8: 1317–1391.

  13. Dring, D.M. (1971) Techniques for microscopic preparation. In: Booth, C. (Ed.) Methods in microbiology. Vol. 4. New York: Academic Press. pp. 95–111.

  14. Gardes, M. & Bruns, T.D. (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2 (2): 113–118.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1993.tb00005.x

  15. Gray, S.F. (1821) A natural arrangement of British plants. Vol. 1. London Press. 604 pp.

  16. Halling, R.E. (1983) The genus Collybia (Agaricales) in the Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Mycologia Memoir 8: 1–148.

  17. He, M.Q., Zhao, R.L., Hyde, K.D., Begerow, D., Kemler, M., Yurkov, A., McKenzie, E.H.C., Raspé, O., Kakishima, M., Sánchez-Ramírez, S., Vellinga, E.C., Halling, R., Papp, V., Zmitrovich, I.V., Buyck, B., Ertz, D., Wijayawardene, N.N., Cui, B.K., Schoutteten, N., Liu, X.Z., Li, T.H., Yao, Y.J., Zhu, X.Y., Liu, A.Q., Li, G.J., Zhang, M.Z., Ling, Z.L., Cao, B., Antonín, V., Boekhout, T., Silva, B.D.B., Crop, D.E., Decock, C., Dima, B., Dutta, A.K., Fell, J.W., Geml, J., Ghobad-Nejhad, M., Giachini, A.J., Gibertoni, T.B., Gorjón, S.P., Haelewaters, D., He, S.H., Hodkinson, B.P., Horak, E., Hoshino, T., Justo, A., Lim, T.W., Menolli Jr., N., Mešić, A., Moncalvo, J.M., Mueller, G.M., Nagy, L.G., Nilsson, R.H., Noordeloos, M., Nuytinck, J., Orihara, T., Ratchadawan, C., Rajchenberg, M., Silva-Filho, A.G.S., Sulzbacher, M.A., Tkalčec, Z., Valenzuela, R., Verbeken, A., Vizzini, A., Wartchow, F., Wei, T.Z., Weiß, M., Zhao, C.L. & Kirk, P.M. (2019) Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota. Fungal Diversity 99: 105–367. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-019-00435-4

  18. Hillis, D.M. & Bull, J.J. (1993) An empirical test of bootstrapping as a method for assessing confidence in phylogenetic analysis. Systematic Biology 42 (2): 182–192. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/42.2.182

  19. Hu, J., Zhao, G., Tuo, Y., Rao, G., Zhang, Z., Qi, Z., Yue, L., Liu, Y., Zhang, T., Li, Y. & Zhang, B. (2022) Morphological and Molecular Evidence Reveal Eight New Species of Gymnopus from Northeast China. Journal of Fungi 8 (4): 349.  https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8040349

  20. Katoh, K. & Standley, D.M. (2013) MAFFT multiple sequence alignment software version 7: improvements in performance and usability. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 772–780.  https:// doi:10.1093/molbev/mst010

  21. Kummer, P. (1871) Der Führer in die Pilzkunde. Nabu Press. pp. 1–146.

  22. Li, Y., Li, T.H., Yang, Z.Z., Tu, L.G.E. & Dai, Y.C. (2015) Atlas of Chinese Macrofungal Resources. Zhongyuan Farmers Press, Zhengzhou, 832 pp.

  23. Li, J.P., Pan, M.C., Li, Y., Deng, C.Y., Wang, X.M., Zhang, B.X., Li, C.T. & Li, Y. (2022) Morpho-Molecular Evidence Reveals Four Novel Species of Gymnopus (Agaricales, Omphalotaceae) from China. Journal of Fungi 8 (4): 398.  https://doi.org/10.3390/jof8040398

  24. Li, J.P., Song, B., Feng, Z., Wang, J., Deng, C.Y. & Yang, Y.H. (2021) A new species of Gymnopus sect. Androsacei (Omphalotaceae, Agaricales) from China. Phytotaxa 521: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.521.1.1

  25. Liu, B. (1991) The edible macrofungi in Shanxi. Taiyuan: United Press of Shanxi Universities.

  26. Mao, X.L. (2000) The Macrofungi in China. Henan Science and Technology Press, Zhengzhou.

  27. Mata, J.L., Hughes, K.W. & Petersen, R.H. (2006) An investigation of / omphalotaceae (Fungi: Euagarics) with emphasis on the genus Gymnopus. Sydowia 58: 191–289.

  28. Mešić, A., Tkalče, Z., Deng, C.Y., Li, T.H., Pleše, B. & Ćetković, H. (2011) Gymnopus fuscotramus (Agaricales), a new species from southern China. Mycotaxon 117: 321–330.

  29. Murrill, W.A. (1916) Agaricaceae Tribe Agariceae. North American Flora 9 (5): 297–374.

  30. Nylander, J. (2004) MrModeltest 2.2. Computer software distributed by the University of Uppsala. Sweden: Evolutionary Biology Centre.

  31. Oliveira, J.J.S., Vargas-Isla, R., Cabral, T.S., Rodrigues, D.P. & Ishikawa, N.K. (2019) Progress on the phylogeny of the Omphalotaceae: Gymnopus s. str., Marasmiellus s. str., Paragymnopus gen. nov. and Pusillomyces gen. nov. Mycological Progress 18: 713–739. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-019-01483-5

  32. Page, R.D. (2001) TreeView. Glasgow University, Glasgow.

  33. Persoon, C.H. (1801) Synopsis methodica fungorum. Gottingae, 708 pp.

  34. Petersen, R.H. & Hughes, K.W. (2014) New North American species of Gymnopus. North American Fungi 9 (3): 1–22.  https://dx.doi:10.2509/naf2014.009.003

  35. Petersen, R.H. & Hughes, K.W. (2016) Micromphale sect. Perforantia (Agaricales, Basidiomycetes); Expansion and phylogenetic placement. MycoKeys 18: 1–122 https://doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.18.10007

  36. Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J.P. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19 (12): 1572–1574. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btg180

  37. Roussel, H.F.A. (1806) Flore du Calvados et terrains adjacents, composée suivant la méthode de Jussieu. L.-J. Poisson, Caen, 372 pp.

  38. Ryoo, R., Antonín, V., Ka, K.H. & Tomšovský (2016) Marasmioid and gymnopoid fungi of the Republic of Korea. 8. Gymnopus section Impudicae. Phytotaxa 286 (2): 75–88. https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.286.2.2

  39. Ryoo, R., Antonín, V. & Ka, K.H. (2020) Marasmioid and gymnopoid Fungi of the Republic of Korea. 8. Gymnopus Section Levipedes. Mycobiology 48 (4): 252–262. https://doi.org/10.1080/12298093.2020.1769541

  40. Stamatakis, A. (2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 30 (9): 1312–1313. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033

  41. Tai, F.L. (1979) Sylloge fungorum sinicorum. Science Press, Beijing. [in Chinese]

  42. Teng, S.Q. (1963) Fungi of China. Science Press, Beijing. pp. 1–108. [in Chinese]

  43. Tolgor, B., Bulakh, Y.M., Zhuang, J.Y. & Li, Y. (2007) Agarics and other macrobasidiomycetes from Ussuri River Valley. Mycosystema 26 (3): 349–368.

  44. Vilgalys, R. & Hester, M. (1990) Rapid genetic identification and mapping of enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNA from several Cryptococcus species. Journal of bacteriology 172 (8): 4238–4246. https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.172.8.4238-4246.1990

  45. Vizzini, A., Antonín, V., Sesli, E. & Contu, M. (2015) Gymnopus trabzonensis sp. nov. (Omphalotaceae) and Tricholoma virgatum var. fulvoumbonatum var. nov. (Tricholomataceae), two new white-spored agarics from Turkey. Phytotaxa 226 (2): 119–130. https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.226.2.2

  46. White, T.J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis, M., Gelfand, D., Sninsky, J. & White, T. (Eds.) PCR Protocols: A guide to Methods and Applications 18 (1). Academic Press. pp. 315–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-372180-8.50042-1

  47. Wilson, A.W. & Desjardin, D.E. (2005) Phylogenetic relationships in the gymnopoid and marasmioid fungi (Basidiomycetes, euagarics clade). Mycologia 97 (3): 667–679.

  48. Xie, Z.X., Wang, Y. & Wang, B. (1986) Illustrations of agarics of Changbai mountains, China. Changchun: Jilin Science and Technology Press. [in Chinese]

  49. Zhao, R.L., Li, G.J., Sánchez-Ramírez, S., Stata, M., Yang, Z.L., Wu, G., Dai, Y.C., He, S.H., Cui, B.K., Zhou, J.L., Wu, F., He, M.Q., Moncalvo, J.M. & Hyde, K.D. (2017) A six-gene phylogenetic overview of Basidiomycota and allied phyla with estimated divergence times of higher taxa and a phyloproteomics perspective Fungal Diversity 84: 43–74 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-017-0381-5