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Article
Published: 2022-09-22

Combination of morphological and molecular data support Pestalotiopsis eleutherococci (Sporocadaceae) as a new species

Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. College of Plant Protection, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. College of Plant Protection, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand. School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, 57100, Thailand.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. College of Plant Protection, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand. School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, 57100, Thailand. Jiaxing Key Laboratory for New Germplasm Breeding of Economic Mycology, Jiaxing 314000, China.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. College of Plant Protection, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
Internationally Cooperative Research Center of China for New Germplasm Breeding of Edible Mushroom, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. College of Plant Protection, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.
1 new species China Eleutherococcus phylogeny taxonomy Fungi

Abstract

Molecular barcoding and morphological characters were used to identify a new saprotrophic species in Pestalotiopsis, which was associated with senescent leaves of Eleutherococcus brachypus (Araliaceae) in Jilin Province, China. The matrix of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1-α), and β-tubulin (tub2) were used in the maximum likelihood (ML), maximum parsimony (MP) and Bayesian inference (BI) methods. The new collections formed a distinct clade with Pestalotiopsis lijiangensis. The new species differs from P. lijiangensis by its conidial length/width ratio. Detailed description and micrographs revealed that the species is unique in its olivaceous concolorous median cells and has significantly smaller conidia compared to other related species. The position of the apical appendages of Pestalotiopsis eleutherococci are distinct and are slightly shorter while the basal appendage is slightly longer compared to P. lijiangensis. Therefore, we introduce Pestalotiopsis eleutherococci as a novel species.

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