Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2022-09-22

Two new species of Spathiphyllum (Araceae) from Tabasco, Mexico with notes on their floral scent

Jardín Botánico “Araceario Thomas B. Croat”, s/n, Comalcalco, Tabasco, México.
Department of Environment & Biodiversity, Plant Ecology, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstr. 34, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.
Department of Environment & Biodiversity, Plant Ecology, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstr. 34, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.
Molecular Cell Biology, Botanical Institute, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Fritz-Haber-Weg 4, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.
Herbario Eizi Matuda, Laboratorio de Ecologia, Evolutiva, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas. Libramiento Norte Poniente 1550, Lajas Maciel, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chis, 29039, México.
Raíces de la Montaña, Carretera Pomoquita-Oxolotán S/N, Col. Pomoquita, C.P. 86895, Tacotalpa, Tabasco, México.
Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales, Universidad Veracruzana, Parque Ecologico “El Haya”, Carretera Antigua a Coatepec, 91070 Xalapa-Enríquez, Veracruz, México.
Endemic species Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum scent collection species complex Tabasco Monocots

Abstract

In Mexico, the mostly neotropical genus Spathiphyllum is represented by twelve species, including only one species for the state of Tabasco. A detailed review of herbarium specimens, and material collected and cultivated from different locations in Tabasco, allowed us to conclude that S. cochlearispathum does not occur in Tabasco, and that specimens from different populations identified as S. cochlearispathum correspond to two different species. Here, we describe and illustrate S. maldonadianum and S. wilfridianum, two new species from Tabasco, Mexico, one of which is critically endangered. We also provide data on the composition of the floral scent of both species and their phenology.

References

  1. Adams, R.P. (2007) Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. 4th Edition ed.; Allured Publishing Corporation: Carol Stream, Illinois.

  2. Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A.W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011) Supporting Red List threat assessments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assessment tool. In: Smith, V. & Penev, L. (eds.) e-Infrastructures for data publishing in biodiversity science. ZooKeys 150: 117–126. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.150.2109

  3. Boyce, P.C. & Croat, T.B. (2020) The Überlist of Araceae, totals for published and estimated number of species in aroid genera. Available from: http://www.aroid.org/genera/20201008Uberlist.pdf (accessed 17 March 2022)

  4. Bunting, G.S. (1960) A revision of Spathiphyllum (Araceae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 10: 1–53.

  5. Bunting, G.S. (1965) Commentary on Mexican Araceae. Gentes Herbarum 9: 291–382.

  6. Cardona, F. (2004) Synopsis of the genus Spathiphyllum (Araceae) in Colombia. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 91: 448–456.

  7. Chen, G., Gong, W.-G., Ge, J., Schinnerl, J., Wang, B. & Sun, W.-B. (2017) Variation in floral characters, particularly floral scent, in sapromyophilous Stemona species. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 59: 825–839. https://doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12580

  8. Cowan, C.P. (1983) Listados florísticos de México. I. Flora de Tabasco. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México. 123 pp.

  9. Croat, T.B. (1998) Tropical aroids: taxonomy, diversity and ecology. In: Mathew, P. & Sivadasan, M. (eds.) Diversity and taxonomy of tropical flowering plants. Mentor, Calicut, pp. 235–286.

  10. Croat, T.B. & Acebey, A. (2015) Araceae. In: Flora de Veracruz. Fascículo 164. Instituto de Ecología A, C., Centro de Investigaciones Tropicales, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, 211 pp.

  11. Croat, T.B. & Weessies, N. (2020) A new species of Spathiphyllum (Araceae) from the Ecuadorian Oriente. Aroideana 43: 22–34.

  12. Croat, T.B., Delannay, X., Ortiz, O.O. & Díaz Jiménez, P. (2019) A review of the aroid tribe Caladieae with the description of three new species of Caladium and seven new species of Syngonium (Araceae). Novon 27: 38–64. https://doi.org/10.3417/2018283

  13. Díaz Jiménez, P. (2006) Composición florística de la familia Araceae en el desarrollo Ecoturístico Kolem jaa’ en Tacotalpa, Tabasco, México. Kuxulkab’ 12: 17–20.

  14. Díaz Jiménez, P., Guadarrama-Olivera, M.A. & Croat, T.B. (2015) Diversidad florística de Araceae en el estado de Tabasco, México. Botanical Sciences 93: 131–142. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.238

  15. Díaz Jiménez, P., Hentrich, H., Aguilar-Rodríguez, P.A., Krömer, T., Chartier, M., MacSwiney-G., M.C. & Gibernau, M. (2019) A review on the pollination of aroids with bisexual flowers. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 104: 83–104. https://doi.org/10.3417/2018219

  16. Díaz Jiménez, P., Aguilar-Rodríguez, P.A., Croat, T.B., Cedeño-Fonseca, M., Alarcón-Montano, M., Yovel, Y. & MacSwiney-G., M.C. (2020) Philodendron guadarramanum (Araceae), a new species from Tabasco, Mexico. Phytotaxa 468: 296–300. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.468.3.5

  17. Díaz Jiménez, P., Pérez-Farrera, M.A., Hentrich, H., Gómez-Domínguez, H., Ameca-Juárez, E.O. & Aguilar-Rodríguez, P.A. (2021a) Mistaken identity: a new Spathiphyllum (Araceae) from Veracruz, Mexico. Phytotaxa 522: 056–062. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.522.1.6

  18. Díaz Jiménez, P., Hentrich, H., Dötterl, S., Krömer, T., MacSwiney-G., M.C. & Aguilar-Rodríguez, P.A. (2021b) Reproductive biology of two Spathiphyllum (Araceae) species in Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico. Flora 285: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2021.151958

  19. Engler, A. (1879) Araceae. In: De Candolle, A. & De Candolle, C. (eds.) Monographiae Phanoerogamorum 2: 1–681.

  20. García, E. (1973) Modificaciones al sistema de clasificación climática de Köppen. Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México. 246 pp.

  21. Gervasi, D.D.L., Selosse, M-A., Sauve, M., Francke, W., Vereecken, N.J., Cozzolino, S. & Schiestl, F.P. (2017) Floral scent and species divergence in a pair of sexually deceptive orchids. Ecology and Evolution 7: 6023–6034. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3147

  22. Gfrerer, E., Laina, D., Wagner, R., Gibernau, M., Hörger, A.C., Comes, H.P. & Dötterl, S. (2022) Antennae of psychodid and sphaerocerid flies respond to a high variety of floral scent compounds of deceptive Arum maculatum L. Scientific Reports 12: 5086. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08196-y

  23. Hentrich, H., Kaiser, R. & Gottsberger, G. (2010) Floral biology and reproductive isolation by floral scent in three sympatric aroid species in French Guiana. Plant Biology 12: 587–596. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2009.00256.x

  24. Hills, H.G. & Schutzman, B. (1990) Considerations for sampling floral fragrances. Phytochemical bulletin 22: 2–9.

  25. INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. (2012) Perspectiva estadística: Tabasco. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, Aguascalientes.

  26. IUCN (2012) The IUCN Red List categories and criteria: Version 3.1, 2nd ed. IUCN Species Survival Commission. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Available from: https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/RL-2001-001-2nd-Es.pdf (accessed 22 March 2022)

  27. Liebmann, F.M. (1849) Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn (1–2): 1–120.

  28. Lundell, C.L. (1941) Studies of American spermatophytes I. Contributions from the university of Michigan herbarium 6: 1–66.

  29. Marotz-Clausen, G., Jürschik, S., Fuchs, R., Schäffler, I., Sulzer, P., Gibernau, M. & Dötterl, S. (2018) Incomplete synchrony of inflorescence scent and temperature patterns in Arum maculatum L. (Araceae). Phytochemistry 154: 77–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2018.07.001

  30. Okamoto, T. & Su, Z.-H. (2021) Chemical analysis of floral scents in sympatric Ficus species: highlighting different compositions of floral scents in morphologically and phylogenetically close species. Plant Systematics and Evolution 307: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-021-01767-y

  31. Peakall, R. & Whitehead, M.R. (2014) Floral odour chemistry defines species boundaries and underpins strong reproductive isolation in sexually deceptive orchids. Annals of Botany 113: 341–355. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mct199

  32. Pérez, L.A., Sousa, S.M., Hanan-Alipi, A.M., Chiang, F. & Tenorio, P. (2005) Vegetación terrestre. In: Bueno, J., Álvarez, F. & Santiago, S. (Eds.) Biodiversidad del Estado de Tabasco. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, México, pp. 65–110.

  33. Pérez-Farrera, M.A., Díaz Jiménez, P., Croat, T.B., Hentrich, H., Padilla-Vega, J. & Aguilar-Rodríguez, P.A. (2022) Anthurium tacotalpense (Araceae), a new species from Mexico. Phytotaxa 538: 74–78. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.538.1.6

  34. Powers, J.M., Seco, R., Faiola, C.L., Sakai, A.K., Weller, S.G., Campbell, D.R. & Guenther, A. (2020) Floral scent composition and fine-scale timing in two moth-pollinated hawaiian Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae). Frontiers in Plant Science 11: 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.01116

  35. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew (2021) GeoCAT: Geospatial Conservation Assessment Tool. Available from: http://geocat.kew.org/ (accessed 22 March 2022)

  36. Schott, H.W. & Endlicher, S. (1832) Meletemata Botanica. Typis Caroli Gerold, Vindobonae, 36 pp.

  37. Schott, H.W. (1853) Aroideae 1. Gerold, Vienna, 2. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.118627

  38. Tropicos (2022) Missouri Botanical Garden. Available from: https://www.tropicos.org/home (accessed 16 March 2022)

  39. Zuluaga, A., Cameron, K., Croat, T.B. & Medecilo, M.M. (2015) Testing the monophyly of Spathiphyllum, and the relationship between Asian and tropical American species. Aroideana 38: 107–115.