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Articles
Published: 2020-12-28

New insights in the biogeographical distributions of two Spionidae (Annelida) from the NE Atlantic and Mediterranean French coasts

La Rochelle Université, CNRS, UMR 7266 LIENSs, 2 rue Olympe de Gouges 17000 La Rochelle, France
Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR 5805 EPOC, Station Marine d’Arcachon, 2 rue du Professeur Jolyet, 33120 Arcachon, France
Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR LECOB 8222, Laboratoire d’Ecogéochimie des Environnements Benthiques, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, Avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR LECOB 8222, Laboratoire d’Ecogéochimie des Environnements Benthiques, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, Avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
Sorbonne Université, CNRS, UMR LECOB 8222, Laboratoire d’Ecogéochimie des Environnements Benthiques, Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, Avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650 Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR 5805 EPOC, Station Marine d’Arcachon, 2 rue du Professeur Jolyet, 33120 Arcachon, France
Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR 5805 EPOC, Station Marine d’Arcachon, 2 rue du Professeur Jolyet, 33120 Arcachon, France
La Rochelle Université, CNRS, UMR 7266 LIENSs, 2 rue Olympe de Gouges 17000 La Rochelle, France
Senckenberg Forschungsinstitute und Naturmuseen (SFN), Deutsches Zentrum für Marine Biodiversitätsforschung, Biozentrum Grindel, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany
Annelida

Abstract

We report the first occurrences of Spiophanes afer Meißner, 2005 and Prionospio cristaventralis Delgado-Blas, Díaz-Díaz & Viéitez, 2018 from French marine waters (from the southern part of the Bay of Biscay in NE Atlantic, and the Gulf of Lion in the Mediterranean Sea). Morphological characters of S. afer include the presence of an occipital antenna, dorsal ciliated organs extending to chaetigers 13–15, neuropodial hooks from chaetiger 15, ventrolateral intersegmental pouches from chaetigers 14–15, chaetal spreaders of “2+3 type”, and conspicuous dark brown pigmentation on parapodia of chaetigers 9–13. Prionospio cristaventralis has four pairs of branchiae (1st and 4th pinnate, 2nd and 3rd apinnate), ventral crests from chaetigers 11–12, high dorsal crests on chaetigers 10–11, and very large notopodial prechaetal lamellae on anterior chaetigers. Both records represent northern extensions of their known distributions. However, the presence of S. afer on French coasts may have been overlooked for several decades. The validity of the recently proposed Spiophanes adriaticus is questioned.

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