Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2011-12-20
Page range: 111–117
Abstract views: 161
PDF downloaded: 158

Seasonal population development of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) and their predators in sprayed and unsprayed apple orchards in Van, Turkey*

Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Plant Protection, 17020 Çanakkale / Turkey
Biological control coccinellids population dynamics spider mites predatory mites


The aim of this study was to determine the seasonal population dynamics of spider mites [Panonychus ulmi (Koch), Amphitetranychus viennensis (Zacher), Bryobia rubrioculus (Scheuten)] and their natural enemies [Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans),Acari, Phytoseiidae; Zetzellia mali (Ewing),Acari, Stigmaeidae; and Stethorus punctillumWeise, Coleoptera, Coccinellidae] on Golden Delicious and Starking Delicious apple cultivars in three apple orchards of Van, Turkey, during 2002–2003. Surveys were carried out weekly from May to November in sprayed and unsprayed apple orchards. The results of study indicated that the population densities of spider mites began to increase generally in early May, reached the maximum level from mid June to lateAugust and persisted until late September in both years. During 2002 the dominant species on both apple cultivars was P. ulmi, whereas in 2003 it was A. viennensis. In this two-year period, the population densities of P. ulmi and A. viennensis reached the maximum level of 318.1 and 427.2 mites per leaf, respectively, in sprayed orchards. In unsprayed orchard, spider mites remained at very low levels because of the presence of K. aberrans which was the only predator of spider mites. On the other hand, in sprayed orchards, although S. punctillum and Z. mali were the most abundant predatory species on spider mites, they could not control them in either apple cultivar and years.