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Type: Article
Published: 2014-06-12
Page range: 44–50
Abstract views: 181
PDF downloaded: 125

Toxicity and bioaccumulation of fluoride ion on Branchiura sowerbyi, Beddard, (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae)

Department of Biology, Padova University, Via U. Bassi 58/A, Italy
Department of Biology, Padova University, Via U. Bassi 58/A, Italy
Department of Biology, Padova University, Via U. Bassi 58/A, Italy
Branchiura sowerbyi Fluoride ion toxicity Bioaccumulation Temperature influence


Fluoride concentrations are increasing significantly in many aquatic ecosystems as a consequence of human activities (agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, pesticides, surfactant compounds). Several investigations have revealed that sensitivity to fluorides and safe concentrations vary greatly within classes, families and genera. Aquatic oligochaetes have often been used for pollution assessment and accumulation testing, but no information has been given about tolerance to fluoride ion. Among endobenthic tubificids Branchiura sowerbyi is easily identifiable (evident posterior gills, large size) and particularly useful for tissue requirements in chemical analysis. The purpose of this study was to examine the tolerance of this tubificid to fluoride ion and its bioaccumulation capacity by performing short (LC50 96h) and long-term (18 day) experiments at different temperatures (17°C and 22 °C). LC50 values (91.3 and 61.7 mg/L for 17°C and 22°C respectively), especially in the presence of sediment (267.6 and 80.1 mg/L for 17°C and 22°C respectively) showed that B. sowerbyi is more resistant to fluoride than other freshwater invertebrates. Fluoride became more toxic with increased temperature, demonstrating that seasonal temperature changes could influence the sensitivity of this freshwater tubificid. Bioaccumulation was lower when the organisms were exposed to sodium fluoride in the absence of sediment, indicating that this animal also accumulates fluoride by ingesting sediment.