https://mapress.com/zt/issue/feed Zootaxa 2021-10-28T14:17:17+13:00 Dr Zhi-Qiang Zhang zhangz@landcareresearch.co.nz Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.1 <p><strong>The millipede family Diplomaragnidae Attems, 1907 in the Asian part of Russia, with the descriptions of two new genera and seven new species (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida)</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:46+13:00 ELENA V. MIKHALJOVA Mikhaljova@biosoil.ru <p>The family Diplomaragnidae Attems, 1907 of the Asian part of Russia is reviewed and shown to comprise 11 genera and 60 species + 1 dubious species. Two genera and seven species are described here as new to science: <em>Alineuma</em> <strong>gen. nov.</strong>, with type species<em> A. rodionov</em>i <strong>sp. nov.</strong> and <em>Litovkia</em><strong> gen. nov.</strong>, with the type species <em>L. anisimovka</em><strong> sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Diplomaragna budilovi </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Diplomaragna dentifer </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Pacifiosoma shabalini </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Pacifiosoma acutum</em><strong> sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Pacifiosoma triangulatum</em><strong> sp. nov. </strong><em>Pacifiosoma asperum</em> Mikhaljova, 2016 is recorded from the Primorsky Krai for the first time. Five genera are endemic to the Asian part of Russia. At the species level, the rate of endemism amounts to 91.7%. A key is given to all species of Diplomaragnidae presently known from Siberia and the Russian Far East. The distributions of the region’s diplomaragnids are discussed. Taxonomic remarks are provided for many species.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.2 <p><strong>A preliminary research and notes on Orthoptera (Insecta) Fauna of Hakkari Province</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:43+13:00 MEHMET SAİT TAYLAN msaittaylan@hakkari.edu.tr DENİZ ŞİRİN denizsirin19@gmail.com HASAN SEVGİLİ hsevgili@gmail.com FATİH YEŞİLYURT user@example.com <p>To date several studies have been carried out on Orthoptera fauna throughout Anatolia; however, there is no comprehensive study on the Orthoptera fauna of Hakkari Province. This study is a preliminary comprehensive research that deals with the less known Orthoptera (Insecta) fauna of Hakkari Province. In this respect, the records and possible localities were examined between the years 2018–2020 (except <em>Kurdia uvarovi</em>) for the Hakkari Province. Specimens were collected with the help of an insect sweep net or by hand. As a result of the field studies and literature research, it has been determined that the Orthoptera fauna in the province is represented by 51 genera and 69 species/subspecies belonging to 19 subfamilies in 8 families. In the study, 24 new records were noted for Hakkari Orthoptera fauna and <em>Isophya iraca</em> Maran, 1977 (<strong>syn. n</strong>), which is established as a new synonym of <em>I. hakkarica</em> Karabag, 1962. According to our preliminary research, the Orthoptera fauna of Hakkari includes 32 Ensiferan and 37 Caeliferan members. In the Ensifera suborder (long antennae katydids, crickets and allies), 25 species belonging to the Tettigoniidae, 5 species belonging to Gryllidae, and one species for the each of Myrmecophilidae and Gryllotalpidae families have been identified. Caelifera suborder includes 26 species belonging to the Acrididae, 9 species belonging to the Pamphagidae, and one species for each of the Pyrgomorphidae and Tetrigidae families. During the field studies, it was observed that the <em>Uvarovistia satunini</em> (Uvarov, 1916), <em>Uvarovistia zebra</em> (Uvarov, 1916) and, <em>Bradyporus </em>(<em>Callimenus</em>)<em> latipes</em> (Stål, 1875) species have high population densities. They “swarm” and damage the agricultural areas especially in the Durankaya, Bayköy, Bağışlı, and Kırıkdağ regions. For this reason, it is suggested that the populations of these species should be routinely monitored in agricultural areas.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.3 <p><strong>Diagnoses of two new species of <em>Parosphromenus</em> (Teleostei: Osphronemidae) from Bangka Island and Kalimantan, Indonesia</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:40+13:00 WENTIAN SHI wtshi.pku@gmail.com SHUJIE GUO user@example.com HARYONO HARYONO ikharyono@yahoo.com YIJIANG HONG yjhong2008@163.com WANCHANG ZHANG wanchangzhang@hotmail.com <p>We describe two new species of <em>Parosphromenus</em> from Indonesia based on morphological and molecular diagnoses. <em>Parosphromenus juelinae,</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, occurs on Bangka Island. Its unpaired fin coloration is similar to that of<em> P. deissneri</em>, but it differs from the latter in having a rounded caudal fin with a non-filamentous branched median ray and a smaller anal fin. Although the new species has the same caudal fin structure as <em>P. bintan</em>, it can be distinguished from the latter by its distinct unpaired fin coloration and the intense red color on the body flanks. <em>Parosphromenus kishii,</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, is found only in a single river system in Kalimantan Tengah. It is distinguished from all other congeners by the unique coloration of its caudal fin. A phylogenetic tree based on the <em>cytochrome b</em> (<em>cytb</em>) gene indicates that the two new species are distinct monophyletic groups constituting distinct phylogenetic branches from their congeners.<em> Cytochrome b</em> Genetic distances between <em>Parosphromenus juelinae,</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, and <em>Parosphromenus kishii,</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, and the other taxa in the phylogenetic tree range from 2.44% to 19.52% and from 8.65% to 17.28%, respectively.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.4 <p><strong><em>Geothelphusa</em> <em>boreas</em>, a new montane freshwater crab (Crustacea: Potamidae: <em>Geothelphusa</em>) from northeastern Taiwan, and the identity of <em>G. hirsuta</em> Tan &amp; Liu, 1998</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:38+13:00 JHY-YUN SHY user@example.com HSI-TE SHIH user@example.com JEAN-JAY MAO user@example.com <p>A new freshwater crab is described from the montane area in northeastern Taiwan based on morphological and molecular evidence. <em>Geothelphusa boreas </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, from the Fushan Botanical Garden situated around New Taipei City and Yilan County, is distinct from similar congeners by the structure of the male first gonopod and the proportions of the male thoracic sternites. In addition, after comparing the holotypes of <em>G. takuan</em> and <em>G. hirsuta</em> Tan &amp; Liu, 1998, no substantial difference could be found. Molecular evidence from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I also supports the recognition of the new species and the conspecificity of <em>G. hirsuta</em> with <em>G. takuan</em>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.5 <p><strong>A new subspecies in the <em>Turdus</em> <em>nudigenis</em> complex (Aves: Turdidae) from the Cauca River valley of Colombia</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:34+13:00 JORGE ENRIQUE AVENDAÑO jorgeavec@gmail.com ANDRÉS M. CUERVO amcuervom@unal.edu.co PAOLA MONTOYA pa.montoya18@gmail.com PAULO C. PULGARÍN-R pulgarinp@gmail.com F. GARY STILES fgstilesh@unal.edu.co <p>The taxonomy of the <em>T. nudigenis</em> complex has historically been challenging due to the uniformity in plumage among taxa, poorly known vocal variation, and allopatric distributions. Recent phylogenetic analyses have contributed to understanding relationships within the genus; however, much remains to be learned about the extent of phenotypic and genetic differentiation within taxa and its implications in species limits. Here, we analyze the taxonomic status of an enigmatic member of the <em>T. nudigenis</em> complex restricted to the Cauca River valley of Colombia. Our phylogenetic analyses suggest that the Cauca valley population is genetically distinctive from other members of the complex, although its sister relationships with respect to <em>T. grayi</em> and <em>T. nudigenis</em> could not be fully resolved due to paraphyly in the group. Based on similarity of plumage, calls, and biogeographic proximity we tentatively treat this taxon as a new subspecies of <em>T. grayi</em>. Populations from the northern Caribbean <em>T. grayi casius</em>/<em>incomptus</em> and the new taxon inhabit similar environmental conditions, being apparently isolated by the humid Nechí lowlands. A formal analysis of vocalizations coupled with a more robust genomic dataset are needed to resolve the systematic affinities and taxonomic status of several members of the <em>T. nudigenis</em> complex.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.6 <p><strong>A new cynipid inquiline of the genus <em>Lithosaphonecrus</em> (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Synergini) from India, with an updated key to all known species </strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:32+13:00 GEORGE MELIKA melikageorge@gmail.com AVUNJIKKATTU PARAMBIL RANJITH ridhuranjith@gmail.com IRENE LOBATO-VILA tenshi.irene@gmail.com DHARMA RAJAN PRIYADARSANAN priyan@atree.org JULI PUJADE-VILLAR jpujade@ub.edu <p>A new species of cynipid inquiline, <em>Lithosaphonecrus nagalandi</em> Melika, Lobato-Vila &amp; Pujade-Villar, <strong>sp. nov.</strong> (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Synergini), is described from the state of Nagaland (India) reared from undescribed bud galls on an undetermined species of <em>Lithocarpus</em> (Fagaceae), thus being the first <em>Lithosaphonecrus</em> known from India. Description, diagnosis, data on phenology and host associations, and illustrations of the new species are given. An identification key to all known <em>Lithosaphonecrus</em> is also provided. The biology of the genus <em>Lithosaphonecrus</em> and the distribution range of <em>Saphonecrus</em> and <em>Lithosaphonecrus</em> in Asia and Oceania are discussed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.7 <p><strong>A new species of the Genus <em>Pelodiscus</em> Fitzinger, 1835 (Testudines: Trionychidae) from Huangshan, Anhui, China</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:29+13:00 YAN-AN GONG yan_an_gong@sinoophis.com LI-FANG PENG lifang_peng@ahnu.edu.cn SONG HUANG snakeman@ahnu.edu.cn YAN-FENG LIN linyf@yeah.net RU-YI HUANG christina_huang@sinoophis.com YU-HAO XU yuhao_xu@sinoophis.com DIAN-CHENG YANG snakeboy@sinoophis.com LIU-WANG NIE lwnie@ahnu.edu.cn <p>A new species of the soft-shelled turtle genus <em>Pelodiscus</em> is described based on seven specimens from Huangshan, southern Anhui Province, China. The new species, <em>Pelodiscus huangshanensis </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, is distinguished from other species in the genus <em>Pelodiscus </em>by the following characteristics: (1) Small size (maximum carapace length of 101.16 mm and maximum body length of 190 mm); (2) keel high; (3) tiny yellowish-white spots on the throat; (4) no black pinstripes around the eyes; (5) white longitudinal bands on both sides of the neck in juveniles, absent in adults; (6) plastron yellowish-white, and only a dark patch on each side of the armpit; (7) many tubercles on the dorsal surface, but indistinct in the center; and (8) entoplastron “⌒” shaped. The phylogenetic relationships of the species in <em>Pelodiscus</em> were reconstructed using the sequences of cytochrome<em> b</em> (cyt <em>b</em>) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (ND4) genes. The new species formed a monophyletic clade with strong support. The uncorrected pairwise distances between the new species and other representatives of <em>Pelodiscus</em> ranged from 5.4% to 9.2% for cyt <em>b</em> and 4.1% to 7.6% for ND4. The new species brings the number of species of the genus <em>Pelodiscus</em> to six; five species are distributed in China, with three species endemic to China.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5060.1.8 <p><strong>Confirmation of <em>Gonioctena</em> rufa (Kraatz, 1879) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in northeastern Asia, previously misinterpreted as a subspecies of <em>G. viminalis</em> (Linnaeus, 1758), and a new synonym in the genus</strong></p> 2021-10-28T12:32:24+13:00 HEE-WOOK CHO lampides@gmail.com 2021-10-28T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021