Zootaxa 2021-07-27T12:23:36+12:00 Dr Zhi-Qiang Zhang Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> <p><strong><em>Eurynothrips</em> Bagnall (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripinae): a rare and long-lost Australian genus, with one new gall-inducing species</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:36+12:00 LAURENCE A. MOUND DESLEY J. TREE <p>The monotypic genus of horn-headed thrips, <em>Eurynothrips</em> Bagnall, had not been seen since its discovery in the early 1900’s in northern Australia, and nothing is known of its biology. A second species of the genus, <em>E. laheyi</em> <strong>sp.n.</strong>, is described from southern Queensland, inducing galls on the young terminal leaves of the small tree, <em>Planchonella pohlmaniana</em> [Sapotaceae].</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Revealing the stygobiont and crenobiont Mollusca biodiversity hotspot in the Caucasus: Part III. Revision of stygobiont microsnails (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) from the Russian part of Western Transcaucasia, with the description of new taxa</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:34+12:00 ELIZAVETA M. CHERTOPRUD DMITRI M. PALATOV MAXIM V. VINARSKI <p>A taxonomic revision of the stygobiont microsnails from north-western Transcaucasia (Krasnodar Krai, Russia) is presented. Two new genera—<em>Schapsugia </em><strong>gen. n.</strong> and <em>Tachira </em><strong>gen. n.</strong> are established. It is shown that the genus <em>Paladilhiopsis </em>does not occur in this area, and the snails previously assigned to this genus belong to <em>Schapsugia </em><strong>gen. n. </strong>Two nominal species <em>Paladilhiopsis orientalis</em> Starobogatov, 1962, and <em>P. subovata</em> Starobogatov, 1962 are considered junior synonyms of <em>Sch. pulcherrima</em> (Starobogatov, 1962), based on a re-examination of their conchological variation. In addition, two more species of <em>Schapsugia </em>are described: <em>Sch. kudepsta</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> and <em>Sch. occultata</em> <strong>sp. nov. </strong>The anatomical structure of another species, <em>Geyeria valvataeformis </em>Starobogatov, 1962 was studied for the first time. It is revealed that it should be placed in a separate genus (<em>Tachira </em><strong>gen. n.)</strong>. Thus, the previously proposed placement of the microsnails from north-western Transcaucasia in hydrobiid genera from the Balkan Peninsula (<em>Geyeria</em>, <em>Paladilhiopsis</em>) is rejected.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>A new species of the deep-sea shrimp genus <em>Spongicoloides</em> (Decapoda: Spongicolidae) from the South China Sea</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:31+12:00 YU ZHAO TING XU WEIDI YANG JIAN-WEN QIU <p><em>Spongicoloides zhoui</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> (Crustacea: Decapoda: Spongicolidae), a species of deep-sea hexactinellid sponge-associated shrimp, is described based on specimens collected from the Zhenbei Seamount in the South China Sea. The new species is morphologically most similar to the Western Pacific congeneric species <em>Spongicoloides iheyaensis </em>Saito, Tsuchida &amp; Yamamoto, 2006 in that the ischium of the third pereiopod is unarmed and the fixed finger of the third pereiopod is armed with small teeth on the distoventral margin. However,<em> S. zhoui</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> can be distinguished from <em>S. iheyaensis </em>in that its female antennal basicerite has three large spines on the distolateral margin. Molecular analyses based on nuclear <em>histone H3</em>, and mitochondrial<em> cytochrome c oxidase subunit I</em> (<em>COI</em>), <em>12S ribosomal RNA</em> (<em>rRNA</em>), and <em>16S rRNA</em> gene fragments confirmed the placement of <em>S. zhoui</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> within a clade of <em>Spongicoloides</em>/<em>Spongiocaris </em>species, and their sequence divergences were large enough to justify the recognition of this new species.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong><em>Aegla buenoi</em> n. sp. (Decapoda: Anomura): first record of aeglid crab from Cinzas River basin, Brazil</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:28+12:00 INGRID COSTA MARÇAL FERNANDA POLLI PÁEZ LENICE SOUZA-SHIBATTA SILVIA HELENA SOFIA GUSTAVO MONTEIRO TEIXEIRA <p>A new species of freshwater anomuran crab, <em>Aegla buenoi</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong>, is described. The new taxon was collected from two streams within the Cinzas River basin, Paraná state, Brazil. We used morphological and molecular data (COI mtDNA) to distinguish the new species from its congeners. <em>Aegla buenoi</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> is differentiated by morphological diagnostic features of the cephalothorax, chelipeds, second abdominal epimeron, and uropods. Molecular results confirm the separation of <em>A. buenoi</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> from closely related species (<em>A. castro </em>Schmitt, 1942, <em>A. lata </em>Bond-Buckup &amp; Buckup, 1994, and <em>A. jacutinga </em>Marçal &amp; Teixeira, 2020). Hence, our study increases the known diversity of aeglids and reports the first species of <em>Aegla</em> from the Cinzas River basin.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>A new species of <em>Ambrysus</em> Stål from the Central Mexican Plateau and new state records for species of the genus in the country (Heteroptera: Nepomorpha: Naucoridae)</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:26+12:00 DANIEL REYNOSO-VELASCO <p>The genus <em>Ambrysus</em> Stål is a species-rich genus in which multiple species groups have been proposed, including the North American <em>Ambrysus signoreti</em> Stål complex. The new Mexican species <em>Ambrysus altiplanus</em> Reynoso <strong>n. sp.</strong>, which belongs to the <em>A</em>.<em> signoreti</em> complex, is described and illustrated, bringing the total number of described species of <em>Ambrysus </em>to 67. Also, new state records are reported for three species of the same complex, two of which are endemic to Mexico.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Three new species of <em>Botanophila</em> Lioy (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) from the Mexican Transition Zone</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:24+12:00 LUCAS R. P. GOMES CLAUDIO J. B. DE CARVALHO <p>The genus <em>Botanophila</em> Lioy has several species distributed in North America, but none had been recorded from Mexico. Here we describe three new species of <em>Botanophila</em> from the highlands of the Mexican Transition Zone. We include images of habitus, drawings of the terminalia and a key to facilitate the identification of species. Remarkably, the male of the new species has dichoptic eyes, an unusual characteristic in Anthomyiidae.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Taxonomic revision of the genus <em>Indapiodes</em> Miroshnikov &amp; Tichý (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Cerambycinae), with description of a new species</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:21+12:00 TATSUYA NIISATO DANIEL HEFFERN <p>The monotypic genus <em>Indapiodes</em> Miroshnikov &amp; Tichý, 2018 is reviewed. The genus and the type species are morphologically redescribed in detail. A second species is newly described from Maharashtra Province, India. <em>Indapiodes</em> is transferred from its original placement in the tribe Tillomorphini to the tribe Obriini.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Two new species of the sharpshooter genus <em>Paratubana</em> (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellini) from alpine fields of Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:19+12:00 ISABELE CÔRTE NATHALIA H. PECLY VICTOR QUINTAS ANDRÉ L. D. FERREIRA RODNEY R. CAVICHIOLI GABRIEL MEJDALANI <p>Two new species of <em>Paratubana</em> Young, 1977 are described and illustrated from Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil, based on specimens collected in alpine fields (above 1,800 m) of the Serra dos Órgãos mountain range. <em>Paratubana auromarginata</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> (Pico da Caledônia) can be recognized by the paraphyses with the apex bifurcate, forming an outer subquadrate projection and inner spiniform process, whereas in <em>P. takiyae</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> (Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos) the paraphyses have a pair of strong spiniform processes directed dorsally and crossing each other. The two new species are apparently closely related to each other and both use <em>Eryngium</em> L. (Apiaceae) as host plants. A key to males of the ten known species of the genus is added, as well as two maps of their known distribution.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Two new species of the genus <em>Arboridia</em> Zachvatkin from China (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae)</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:16+12:00 JIA JIANG GUI-MEI LUO YUE-HUA SONG <p>Two new species of the leafhopper tribe Erythroneurini from Guizhou province, China, <em>Arboridia</em> (<em>Arboridia</em>)<em> huajiangensis </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> and <em>Arboridia</em> (<em>Arborifera</em>) <em>changlingensis</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> are described and illustrated. The ovipositor of <em>A. huajiangensis </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> is photographed and described. A key distinguishing all known species of the genus in China is provided.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Review of the leafhopper genus <em>Hatigoria</em> Distant with one new species (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Hylicinae)</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:13+12:00 JIU TANG YALIN ZHANG <p>The taxonomy of the hylicine genus<em> Hatigoria</em> Distant is reviewed based on morphological study of the types and other specimens. The male external morphology and genitalia of two known species, <em>H. praeiens </em>Distant, 1908 and <em>H. sauteri</em> Jacobi, 1914, are described and photographed for the first time. A description and figures of the female ovipositor of <em>H. praeiens</em> Distant, 1908 are provided. One new species, <em>H. longistylia</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong>, from Laos and China is reported with descriptions and figures. This also represents the first record of the genus <em>Hatigoria</em> from Laos. A key to adult males of all species is provided.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>An enigmatic new species of <em>Belostoma</em> Latreille from central-western Brazil (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae: Belostomatini)</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:11+12:00 FABIANO STEFANELLO HIGOR D. D. RODRIGUES <p>The new species <em>Belostoma inusitatum</em> is described and illustrated based on specimens from the west side of the Araguaia-Tocantins basin, in Mato Grosso state in central-western Brazil. This new species is assigned to the <em>B. triangulum</em> species group and compared with its congeners. A key and distribution map for the species of this group are included. The three-articulated antenna without lateral projections of <em>B. inusitatum</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> is documented for the first time in <em>Belostoma</em>. Also, the uncommon shape of the prosternal keel, the distinct reduction of the hemelytral membrane, and the diverticulum of the phallosoma sharply incised at the posterior margin are reported for this new species. A discussion about the reduction in the number of antennal articles and the size of the hemelytral membrane in <em>Belostoma</em> and <em>Abedus</em> is presented.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>A new species of <em>Tarphius</em> Erichson, 1845 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae) from Iran</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:08+12:00 JÖRG MÜLLER RUDOLF SCHUH <p>The Hyrcanian Forest, located south of the Caspian Sea, represents a remarkably intact temperate forest ecosystem containing large numbers of endemic plants and animals, including beetles. Here we describe a new species of <em>Tarphius</em> Erichson, 1845 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae Solier, 1834) as the currently most eastern <em>Tarphius</em> species known. <em>Tarphius hyrcanicus</em> n. sp. is the first <em>Tarphius</em> species recorded from the Middle East. Its habitat and geographic positions are also reported. The discovery of this presumably endemic species in the Hyrcanian Forest underlines the importance of this Tertiary forest relict in the conservation of the biodiversity of temperate forests.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Another new species of the genus <em>Phyllodesma</em> (<em>Phyllodesma</em>) Hübner, [1820] 1816 from northern China (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:05+12:00 VADIM V. ZOLOTUHIN OLEKSIY V. BIDZILYA IGOR YU. KOSTJUK <p><em>Phyllodesma permana </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> is described from wastelands of northern China (Ningxia Hui AR). A new species is compared with <em>Phyllodesma sinina </em>(Grum-Grshimailo, 1891), <em>Phyllodesma jurii</em> I. Kostjuk, 1992 and <em>Phyllodesma mongolicum</em> I. Kostjuk &amp; Zolotuhin, 1994. Adults and male genitalia of two latter species are illustrated, and the differences among these taxa and <em>Ph. permana</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> are discussed. The holotype will be deposited in the Insect collection, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University (Tianjin, China). A list of the nowadays known from China <em>Phyllodesma</em> is given.</p> 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>Discovery of the pleasing lacewing subfamily Berothellinae (Neuroptera: Dilaridae) from Borneo, with description of a new species of <em>Berothella</em> Banks</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:23:02+12:00 XINGYUE LIU DI LI 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press <p><strong>A new species of <em>Mediorhynchus</em> Van Cleave, 1916 (Acanthocephala: Gigantorhynchidae) from <em>Burhinus capensis</em> (Aves: Charadriiformes) and a report of <em>Mediorhynchus africanus</em> Amin <em>et al.</em> 2013 from <em>Guttera edouardi</em> (Aves: Galliformes) from South Africa</strong></p> 2021-07-27T12:22:58+12:00 LESLEY SMALES ALI HALAJIAN KGETHEDI MICHAEL RAMPEDI 2021-07-27T00:00:00+12:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Magnolia press