Zootaxa https://mapress.com/zt <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> Mangolia Press en-US Zootaxa 1175-5326 <strong>Taxonomic revenabled 12-06-24ision of the orb weaving spider genus <em>Plato</em> Coddington, 1986 (Araneae: Theridiosomatidae) with the description of three new species</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.1 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">The genus <em>Plato</em> Coddington, 1986 is revised and now contains twelve Neotropical species. The male of <em>Plato</em> <em>bicolor</em> (Keyserling, 1886) is described for the first time from the state of Amazonas in Brazil. Three new species are described: <em>Plato</em> <em>omnipraesens</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> (♂ ♀) from Brazil and Peru, <em>Plato</em> <em>peruana</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> (♀) from Peru and <em>Plato</em> <em>hamatus</em> <strong>n. sp.</strong> (♂ ♀) from Minas Gerais in Brazil. A new diagnosis is proposed for the females of this genus. Morphological structures and genitalic terminology are discussed. <em>Plato</em> species are described, diagnosed, illustrated, and their geographic distribution is mapped.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> PEDRO H. PRETE ANTONIO D. BRESCOVIT Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 1 32 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.1 <strong>New species of gall wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Aulacideini and Phanacidini) inducing galls on plants of the genera <em>Sonchus</em> and <em>Crepis</em> (Asteraceae) in Romania (Dobrogea Province) and notes on their parasitoids</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.2 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Two new species of herb gall wasps (Hym., Cynipidae) developing on plants in the genera <em>Sonchus</em> L. and <em>Crepis</em> L. (Asteraceae) are described from Southeastern Romania (Dobrogea Province): <em>Aulacidea andriescui </em><strong>sp. n</strong><em><strong>. </strong></em>gall inducer on <em>Sonchus palustris</em> L. and <em>Phanacis dobrogicus</em> <strong>sp. n.</strong> gall maker on <em>Crepis foetida </em>subsp. <em>rhoeadifolia</em> (M. Bieb.) Čelak. In addition to the diagnosis, identification, morphological description, life-cycle, geographical distribution, photos of gall and host plant, and SEM images, data on the associated fauna obtained from the galls of the two new species are also presented. </span></span></span></p> <p> </p> ION ŞCHIOPU MUSA TATAROǦLU YUSUF KATILMIŞ Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 33 55 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.2 <strong>A new species of <em>Ontherus</em> Erichson, 1847 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Coprini) and new distributional records of <em>Cryptocanthon humidus</em> Howden, 1973 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini) for Ecuador</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.3 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">A new species of <em>Ontherus</em> Erichson, 1847 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Coprini) from Loja province (southern Ecuador) is described. The new species is putatively assigned to the subgenus <em>Ontherus</em>. An updated identification key is provided for the Ecuadorian species of <em>Ontherus</em>. Additionally, <em>Cryptocanthon humidus</em> Howden, 1973 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini) is registered for the first time in Ecuador.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> WILLIAM CHAMORRO ALEJANDRO LOPERA-TORO FRANÇOIS GÉNIER Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 56 66 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.3 <strong>Description of four new species of the Neotropical <em>Micropotamia</em> Carvalho (Diptera, Muscidae)</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.4 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Micropotamia</em> Carvalho (Diptera, Muscidae) is a Neotropical genus with four species distributed from Mexico to southern Brazil. Here, we describe four new species in the genus: <em>Micropotamia stellaria</em> <strong>sp. nov</strong>. from Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, Brazil, <em>Micropotamia ananas </em><strong>sp. nov</strong>. from Borba, Amazonas, Brazil, <em>Micropotamia ditissima</em> <strong>sp. nov</strong>. from Rio Nhamundá, Amazonas, Brazil, and <em>Micropotamia fortuna</em> <strong>sp. nov</strong>. from Est. La Casona, Prov. Puntarenas, Costa Rica. An identification key for all species is provided.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> STELA COSTA JORGE CLAUDIO JOSÉ BARROS DE CARVALHO Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 67 82 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.4 <strong>New Species, Host Record, and Male Discovery for Three <em>Messatoporus</em> Cushman (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae) from Brazil</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.5 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Messatoporus bisignatus</em> Aguiar &amp; Supeleto, <strong>sp. nov.</strong> is described and illustrated. The new species was extensively reared from trap nests colonized by <em>Auplopus subaurarius</em> Dreisbach, 1963 (Hymenoptera, Pompilidae), in an area of secondary Atlantic Forest in southern Brazil. Two other species, <em>M. elektor</em> Santos, 2013 and <em>M. opacus</em> Santos, 2013, were also reared from the same host, but in lesser numbers. The previously unknown males of <em>M. elektor</em> Santos, 2013, <em>M. opacus</em> Santos 2013 and <em>M. unidentatus</em> Santos, 2013 are described and illustrated. New females and significant morphological variation are reported for these species, previously known only from a few specimens. New geographical records are reported for <em>M. unidentatus</em> (Brazil, two localities in ES), <em>M. elektor</em> and <em>M. opacus</em> (Brazil, two localities in RS).</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> ALEXANDRE P. AGUIAR FERNANDA A. SUPELETO MILTON S. MENDONÇA JR HENRIQUE NEGRELLO Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 83 98 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.5 <strong>New insights into the diversity and distribution of Leptanillinae (Formicidae) within China</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.6 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Leptanillinae is an ant subfamily of low taxonomic diversity and limited distribution within the Old World. Species within this subfamily are hypogaeic and are notoriously difficult to find and collect. As a result of their rarity, comparatively little is known about their natural history and distributions. Based upon new sampling efforts, we present significant new records of Leptanillinae from Mainland China, and Hong Kong SAR. <em>Opamyrma hungvuong</em> Yamane <em>et al</em>., 2008 is newly recorded from Sichuan Province, alongside a potential easterly record from Zhejiang Province, greatly extending its northern and eastern range distribution. Further, <em>Protanilla lini</em> Terayama, 2009 is recorded from Mainland China for the first time from Fujian Province and Hong Kong. We provide detailed collecting accounts for all newly recorded species, including associated habitat, nesting locality, colony composition, and for <em>P. lini</em> dietary information. All new localities for both species significantly extend their previously assumed distributions. Additional records of <em>Leptanilla bethyloides</em> Griebenow, 2024, and a note on <em>L. japonica</em> Baroni Urbani, 1977 from Hong Kong are provided. An updated distribution checklist of Leptanillinae from Mainland China and Taiwan is also provided. Our new records point towards an under sampled ant fauna of Mainland China underlying the need for new sampling approaches within the region.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> MATTHEW T. HAMER ANDRÉ IBÁÑEZ WEEMAELS YIFAN FU LIU XUAN CHEUNG YAU LEO TSE KIT LAM TANG BENOIT GUÉNARD Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 99 112 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.6 <strong>Description of a new species of the genus <em>Polycaena</em> Staudinger, 1886 (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae) from China with designation of lectotype of <em>Polycaena lua</em> Grum-Grshimailo, 1891</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.7 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">A new species, <em>Polycaena eckweileri</em> <strong>sp. n.</strong>, is described from Gansu Province, China. Based on the analysis of the barcode region of the mitochondrial COI gene, the new species belongs to the <em>P. lama</em> Leech, 1893 species group. The new species differs from all the known species of the genus in peculiar characters of the male genitalia. <em>Polycaena eckweileri</em> <strong>sp. n. </strong>is known to date only from the type locality in Têwo County. The phylogenetic reconstruction of the main lineages of the genus <em>Polycaena</em> based on analysis of a 658 bp region of the COI mitochondrial gene is provided for the first time. Lectotype of <em>Polycaena lua</em> Grum-Grshimailo, 1891 is designated from a series of syntypes deposited in the collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, St. Petersburg, Russia.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> ANATOLY V. KRUPITSKY NAZAR A. SHAPOVAL GALINA N. SHAPOVAL Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 113 124 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.7 <strong><em>Argia sertaneja</em> sp. nov. (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) from Northern Minas Gerais state, Brazil</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.8 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Argia sertaneja</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> (BRAZIL, Minas Gerais state, Chapada Gaúcha, Grande Sertão Veredas National Park, Vereda lodging (15.iv.2023, 15°11’14.7”S 45°41’01.7”W, 807 m asl, M.M. Souza leg., Coleção Biológica de Vespas Sociais—CBVS) is described, illustrated, and diagnosed. The new species can be separated from its congeners by the wide morphology of male cercus, and shape of female hind lobe of prothorax and mesostigmal lobes.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> DIOGO SILVA VILELA GABRIEL DE CASTRO JACQUES MARCOS MAGALHÃES DE SOUZA Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 125 133 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.8 <strong>Three new species of the genera <em>Ceraclea</em> Stephens and <em>Setodes</em> Rambur (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae) from Laos and Cambodia</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.9 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Three new species of Leptoceridae were described from the Lower Mekong tributaries, namely <em>Ceraclea luangnamthaensis</em> <strong>n.</strong> <strong>sp.</strong><em>, Setodes xangthevadaensis </em><strong>n. sp. </strong>from Laos, and <em>Setodes mongkondechsawati </em><strong>n. sp. </strong>from Cambodia. The male genitalia of <em>Ceraclea</em> <em>luangnamthaensis </em><strong>n. sp. </strong>are distinguished from those of other species by its preanal appendages, which are circular in lateral view. The male genitalia of <em>Setodes</em> <em>xangthevadaensis </em><strong>n. sp. </strong>are distinguished from those of other species by their segment X, which is separated into a trifurcate apicodorsal process and two long slender apicolateral processes in dorsal view. The male genitalia of <em>Setodes mongkondechsawati</em><strong> n. sp. </strong>are distinguished from those of other species by the apicodorsal process of segment X which is circular in dorsal view. </span></span></span></p> <p> </p> PONGSAK LAUDEE HANS MALICKY MASAKI TAKENAKA NANNAPHAT SUWANNARAT CHAMROEUN KONG CHANDA VONGSWOMBATH KOJI TOJO Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 134 140 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.9 <strong>New species and records of subgenus <em>Aethina</em> from China (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae)</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.10 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="color: #05050a;">Two new species of sap beetles, </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> (</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>similinconspicua </em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"><strong>sp. nov. </strong></span><span style="color: #05050a;">and</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em> A. </em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">(</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>shizhuica</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"><strong> sp. nov.</strong></span><span style="color: #05050a;">, of the subgenus </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>Aethina</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> Erichson, 1843 are described and illustrated from southwestern China. And four new species, </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A. </em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">(</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>cyaneipennis</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> Grouvelle, 1903, </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A. </em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">(</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>dubitabilis</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> Kireitshuk, 1986, </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A. </em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">(</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>kirejtshuki</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> Jelínek, 1995, and </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> (</span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>A.</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;">) </span><span style="color: #05050a;"><em>lindskogi</em></span><span style="color: #05050a;"> Jelínek &amp; Kirejtshuk, 1986 are recorded for the first time from China. </span></span></span></span></p> <p> </p> XIAOXIAO CHEN JIANHUI ZHANG MIN HUANG Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 141 147 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.10 <strong>Prelarval stages of Acerentomata (Protura): morphological peculiarities and phenology</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5471.1.11 JULIA SHRUBOVYCH JAKUB STERNALSKI PETER ČUCHTA JOSEF RUSEK Copyright (c) 2024 2024-06-17 2024-06-17 5471 1 148 150 10.11646/zootaxa.5471.1.11