Zootaxa https://mapress.com/zt <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> Mangolia Press en-US Zootaxa 1175-5326 <strong>Systematics and biogeography of <em>Anoura cultrata</em> (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae): a morphometric, niche modeling, and genetic perspective, with a taxonomic reappraisal of the genus</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.1 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">The nectar-feeding bats of the genus <em>Anoura</em> are widely distributed in the Neotropics, but are most speciose in the Andes. <em>Anoura cultrata</em> is a rare mid-elevation bat occurring in South and Central America. It is thought to be one of the few bat species exemplifying a latitudinal cline in body size. We address three systematic and biogeographic questions: 1) is the geographic variation in <em>A. cultrata</em> continuous, as argued to justify its current monotypic status? 2) do ecogeographic barriers to dispersal affect such variation? and 3) how do the genetic divergence and biogeography of the species compare to those of other members of the genus? To answer these questions, we used morphometric analyses, ecological niche modeling, and DNA barcoding. We divided the samples of <em>A. cultrata</em> into six geographic groups, delimited by topographic depressions separating mountain systems. We did not find significant correlations between body size and the geographic coordinates within five groups. Therefore, we conclude that ecogeographic barriers to dispersal between the regions occupied by such groups influenced morphometric variation in <em>A. cultrata</em>, and that despite its general north to south reduction in body size, the species does not show continuous clinal variation. A recent phylogenetic study of the genus <em>Anoura</em> concluded that it contains seven valid species. Our DNA barcoding analysis and morphological examination indicated that at least 10 species should be recognized, including <em>A. peruana</em> distinct from <em>A. geoffroyi</em>, and <em>A. aequatoris</em> and <em>A. luismanueli </em>distinct from <em>A. caudifer</em>. Moreover, we show that Central and South American populations of <em>A. cultrata</em> differ from each other at least at the subspecific level, thus we respectively refer to them as <em>A. cultrata cultrata</em> and as <em>A. c. brevirostrum</em>. Similarly, we refer to Central American and Mexican populations of ‘<em>A. geoffroyi</em>’ as <em>A. peruana lasiopyga</em>, and to their South American counterparts as <em>A. p. peruana</em>. The range of the latter subspecies reaches northeastern Venezuela. The Andes from southern Colombia to northern Peru appear to be the ancestral range of the genus.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> JESÚS MOLINARI ELIÉCER E. GUTIÉRREZ BURTON K. LIM Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 151 188 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.1 <strong>An updated checklist of the hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) of Slovenia</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.2 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">This paper is an updated checklist of the hoverflies of Slovenia. Since the last checklist of 274 species published by de Groot &amp; Govedič in 2008, a large number of additional specimens have been collected and studied. In the present study, 42 <span style="color: #212121;">species are reported for the first time for the Slovenian hoverfly fauna. </span><em>Sphegina sublatifrons</em> Vujić, 1990 is deleted from the Slovenian list. In tot<span style="color: #212121;">al, 362 specie</span>s from 77 genera are reported. According to the IUCN European Red List of Hoverflies, 29 species are classified as Endangered, 9 as Vulnerable, 19 as Near Threatened, 302 as Least Concern and 3 as Data Deficient. The distribution of species per region in Slovenia is presented. With 243 species, Upper Carniola hosts the largest number of registered species, followed by Central Slovenia (233 spp.), Gorizia (230 spp.), Savinja and Littoral Inner-Carniola (both with 173 spp.), Coastal-Karst (133 spp.), Southeast Slovenia (71 spp.), Drava (60 spp.), Carinthia (56 spp.), Lower Sava (52 spp.), Mura (47 spp.) and Central Sava (8 spp.). A significant increase in the number of new records has been noted in recent decades, and the possible reasons for this trend are also discussed here.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> ANJA KOČIĆ ANTE VUJIĆ TAMARA TOT MARINA JANKOVIĆ MILOSAVLJEVIĆ MAARTEN DE GROOT Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 189 227 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.2 <strong>Deep-Sea asteroids (Echinodermata; Asteroidea) from the Galician Bank (North Atlantic Ocean)</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.3 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">The Galician Bank (GB) is a seamount located 180 km away from the Galician coast (Northwest Spain), in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean. The summit occurs at a depth between 650 and 1500 m with the maximum depth reaching 4000 m (the abyssal bottom). The water masses, twists, eddies, and geomorphology favour the retention of nutrients and larvae, thus, being an area rich in nutrients. It is a hotspot of biodiversity and an important place for benthic communities. </span></span></span></p> <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"> This study aims to inventory and review the asteroid fauna collected during the LIFE+INDEMARES project in GB, compare the new findings with previous studies Official Spanish Checklist (IEEM: “Inventario Español de Especies Marinas”, Manjón-Cabeza <em>et al</em>. 2017, 2020) and update our knowledge of the diversity and distribution of known species.</span></span></span></p> <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"> In this study a total of 272 asteroid specimens belonging to 19 species were found at 45 stations in depths between 765–1764 m, as part of the LIFE+INDEMARES-Galician Bank (2010–2011) surveys. The most frequently encountered species were <em>Plinthaster dentatus</em> (Perrier, 1884), <em>Peltaster placenta</em> (Müller &amp; Troschel, 1842) and <em>Henricia caudani </em>(Koehler, 1895). <em>Circeaster americanus </em>(A.H. Clark, 1916) and<em> Hymenaster giboryi </em>(Perrier, 1894) are new observations from this area. For several species, including <em>Henricia caudani</em>, <em>Pedicellaster typicus </em>M. Sars, 1861,<em> Podosphaeraster thalassae </em>Cherbonnier, 1970 and<em> Hymenaster giboryi </em>known bathymetric range has been extended. </span></span></span></p> <p> </p> LAURA M. GARCÍA-GUILLÉN AURORA MACÍAS-RAMÍREZ PILAR RÍOS M. EUGENIA MANJÓNCABEZA Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 228 238 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.3 <strong>Diagnoses and key for the larvae of <em>Progomphus</em> Selys, 1854 from Argentina (Anisoptera: Gomphidae), with first larval descriptions for <em>P. aberrans</em><em> </em>Belle, 1973 and <em>P. kimminsi</em> Belle, 1973</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.4 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Ten species of <em>Progomphus</em> Selys, 1854 are known to occur in Argentina. The larval stages of only four of them are described. We here add the larval descriptions of two species: <em>P.</em> <em>aberrans</em> Belle, 1973 and <em>P.</em> <em>kimminsi </em>Belle, 1973, and diagnose and illustrate important characters for the remaining species known at the larval stage in Argentina: <em>P.</em> <em>complicatus </em>Selys, 1854, <em>P.</em> <em>joergenseni </em>Ris, 1908, <em>P. lepidus</em> Ris, 1911 and <em>P.</em> <em>phyllochromus </em>Ris, 1918. New geographical records for these species are presented, including new records for <em>P. kimminsi</em> in Bolivia, and new provincial records in Argentina: <em>P. aberrans</em> and <em>P. joergenseni</em> in San Luis, and <em>P. kimminsi</em> in Santiago del Estero. A key to distinguish the larval stage of Argentinean species is proposed.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> CARLOS MOLINERI JOSÉ SEBASTIÁN RODRÍGUEZ MARTA LEIVA JAVIER ANDRÉS MÁRQUEZ Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 239 259 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.4 <strong><em>Gorczyciana sulawesica—</em>a remarkable new plant bug genus and species(Heteroptera: Miridae: Cylapinae) from Indonesia</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.5 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><em>Gorczyciana </em><strong>gen</strong>. <strong>nov</strong>., a new remarkable genus of the subfamily Cylapinae, tribe Fulviini, is described from Indonesia. The new species <em>Gorczyciana sulawesica </em><strong>sp</strong>. <strong>nov</strong>. from Sulawesi is documented with photographic images, SEM micrographs of the selected body parts, and female genitalic structures. Identification key to the cylapine tribes and genera of the tribe Fulviini of the Oriental Region is also given.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> ANDRZEJ WOLSKI ARTUR TASZAKOWSKI Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 260 270 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.5 <strong><em>Pseudolaguvia permaris, </em>a new catfish from<em> </em>the<em> </em>Eastern Ghats of India (Teleostei: Sisoridae)</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.6 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><em>Pseudolaguvia permaris, </em>a new sisorid catfish is described from the Mahanadi River basin in Odisha, India. The new species can be distinguished from congeners in having the following combination of characters: serrated anterior margin of dorsal-fin spine, thoracic adhesive apparatus not extending beyond base of last pectoral-fin ray, caudal peduncle depth 8.6–10.2% SL, body depth at anus 15.3–20.2% SL, adipose-fin base length 13.6–18.1% SL, dorsal to adipose distance 11.4–14.4% SL, length of pectoral-fin spine 19.3–28.0% SL, length of dorsal-fin spine 16.5–20.4% SL, head width 21.6–25.9% SL and indistinct, creamish bands on the body.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> BALAJI VIJAYAKRISHNAN JAYASIMHAN PRAVEENRAJ ABHISEK MISHRA Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 271 281 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.6 <strong>The identity of Tokays (Squamata: Gekkonidae: <em>Gekko</em>) from Hong Kong</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.7 <p lang="en-GB" align="left"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">The Tokay gecko (<em>Gekko gecko</em>), found throughout Southeast Asia and India, is a heavily harvested species of high commercial value. Recent studies have supported the elevation of the black morph of Tokay gecko, found only in southern China and northern Vietnam, to the species <em>Gekko reevesii</em>. Previous genetic studies focused on specimens of <em>G. reevesii</em> from southwestern populations. Hong Kong, in southeastern China, has native populations of <em>G. reevesii</em>. To verify the identity of <em>G. reevesii</em> in Hong Kong, we employed three mitochondrial genes (<em>COI</em>, <em>Cytb</em> &amp; <em>ND2</em>) and constructed a matrilineal genealogy using other specimens from Guangxi (southwestern China) and northern Vietnam, as well as <em>G. gecko</em> from a wide range of Southeast Asian countries. Our study confirmed that<em> G. reevesii </em>occurs naturally in Hong Kong, but one exotic population of <em>G. gecko</em>, likely a translocation from international trade, was also revealed. Our study did not reject the species ranking of <em>G. reevesii</em>. Moreover, like previous studies, we recovered a paraphyletic <em>G. gecko,</em> which may reflect a species complex, hybridization or incomplete lineage sorting. More extensive sampling of the two species over a broader range of their asserted distribution together with the use of both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA are required to better investigate their biogeography.</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> SIU-KIT HO HON-KI CHAN NANCY E. KARRAKER Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 282 290 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.7 <strong><em>Oonops</em> <em>erinaceus</em> Benoit, 1977, a junior synonym of <em>Triaeris</em> <em>stenaspis</em> Simon, 1892 (Araneae: Oonopidae)</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.8 DANNIELLA SHERWOOD ANTONIO D. BRESCOVIT ARNAUD HENRARD RUDY JOCQUÉ LIZA FOWLER Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 291 293 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.8 <strong>An introduced species, though remarkable: first record of Sepsidae (Diptera: Schizophora) from Chile</strong> https://mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5297.2.9 VERA CRISTINA SILVA JOSÉ ALBERTINO RAFAEL DALTON DE SOUZA AMORIM Copyright (c) 2023 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 5297 2 294 300 10.11646/zootaxa.5297.2.9