Burmese amber is currently the most popular and prolific source of fossil Hymenoptera, yielding a plethora of diverse and often unique fossils (Ross, 2020), and so vastly broadens and deepens our understanding of the mid-Cretaceous insect diversity in tropics in the midst of Tethys Ocean (Rasnitsyn & Öhm-Kühnle, 2018a; Zhang et al., 2018a). Parasitic wasps of the extinct superfamily Serphitoidea are a common, yet very unusual component of the Cretaceous microhymenopterans (Gibson et al., 2007; Engel, 2016; Rasnitsyn & Öhm-Kühnle, 2018a, b, 2020). Of them, Archaeoserphitidae represent a most basal and least explored branch known from a single find of two males in a piece of a comparatively ancient (Barremian) Lebanese amber (Engel, 2016). We identified the first female of Archaeoserphites Engel, 2016 in the comparatively younger, mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber and present its description in the publication on hand.
Cohen, K.M., Finney, S.C., Gibbard, P.L. & Fan, J.X. (2013; updated) The ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Episodes, (36), 199–204. https://stratigraphy.org/ (accessed 22 March 2020).
Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko, K. (2003) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21, 441–455.
Engel, M.S. (2016) A new family of primitive serphitoid wasps in Lebanese amber (Hymenoptera, Serphitoidea). Novitates Paleoentomologicae, 13, 1–22.
Gibson, G.A.P., Read, J.,& Huber, J.T. (2007) Diversity, classification and higher relationships of Mymarommatoidea (Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 16 (1), 51–146. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/John_Huber4/publication/281579951_Diversity_classification_and_higher_relationships_of_Mymarommatoidea_Hymenoptera/links/56c1e32208ae2f498efcd787/Diversity-classification-and-higher-relationships-of-Mymarommatoidea-Hymenoptera.pdf (accessed 28 January 2019).
Li, L., Shih, C., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Li, D. & Ren, D. (2018) A new wasp of Myanmarinidae (Hymenoptera: Stephanoidea) from the mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Cretaceous Research, 86, 33–40.
Maksoud, S. & Azar, D. (2020) Lebanese amber: latest updates. Palaeoentomology, 003 (2): 125–155.
Penteado-Dias, A.M. & Braga, S.M.P. (2002) First record of Mymarommatidae (Hymenoptera) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 19 (2), 629–630.
Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Öhm-Kühnle, Ch. (2018a) Three new female Aptenoperissus from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Stephanoidea, Aptenoperissidae): Unexpected diversity of paradoxical wasps suggests insular features of source biome. Cretaceous Research, 91, 168–175.
Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Öhm-Kühnle, Ch. (2018b) New serphitoid wasp Supraserphites draculi gen. sp. nov. in Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Serphitidae: Supraserphitinae). Cretaceous Research, 99, 46–50.
Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Öhm-Kühnle, Ch. (2020) Two new species of Supraserphites (Hymenoptera, Serphitidae) in Burmese amber. Palaeoentomology, 3 (2): 158–162.
Rasnitsyn, A.P., Poinar Jr., G. & Brown, A.E. (2017) Bizarre wingless parasitic wasp from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Ceraphronoidea, Aptenoperissidae fam. nov.). Cretaceous Research, 69, 113–118.
Rasnitsyn, A.P., Bashkuev, A.S., Kopylov, D.S., Lukashevich, E.D., Ponomarenko, A.G., Popov, Y.A., Rasnitsyn, D.A., Ryzhkova, O.V., Sidorchuk, E.A., Sukatsheva, I.D. & Vorontsov, D.D. (2016) Sequence and scale of changes in the terrestrial biota during the Cretaceous (based on materials from fossil resins). Cretaceous Research, 61, 234–255.
Ross, A. (2015) Insects in Burmese Amber. Entomologentagung 02.–05.03.2015 Frankfurt am Main, Programm und Abstracts. Frankfurt/Main, 72. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273295234_Entomologentagung_02-05032015_FrankfurtM_Programm_und_Abstracts (accessed 28 Jan. 2019).
Ross, A.J. (2020) Supplement to the Burmese (Myanmar) amber checklist and bibliography, 2019. Palaeoentomology, 3, 103–118.
Shi, G., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Wang, M., Lei, W., Li, Q. & Li, X. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163.
Sidorchuk, E.A. & Vorontsov, D.D. (2019) Preparation of small-sized 3D amber samples: state of the technique. Palaeoentomology, 1 (1), 80–90.
Smith, R.D.A. & Ross, A.J. (2018) Amberground pholadid bivalve borings and inclusions in Burmese amber: Implications for proximity of resin-producing forests to brackish waters, and the age of the amber. Earth and Environmental Science, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 107, 239–247.
Westerweel, J., Roperch, P., Licht, A., Dupont-Nivet, G., Win, Z., Poblete, F., Ruffet, G., Swe, H.H., Thi, M.K. & Aung, D.W. (2019) Burma Terrane part of the Trans-Tethyan arc during collision with India according to palaeomagnetic data. Nature Geoscience, 12, 863–868.
Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Wang, B. & Zhang, H.C. (2018a) New data about the enigmatic wasp from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Stephanoidea, Aptenoperissidae). Cretaceous Research, 84, 173–180.
Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Wang, B. & Zhang, H.C. (2018b) Myanmarinidae, a new family of basal Apocrita (Hymenoptera: Stephanoidea) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 81, 86–92.
Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Wang B. & Zhang, H.C. (2018c) Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants) in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber: a review of the fauna. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 129 (6), 736–747.
Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Zhang, H.C. (2018d) New female of Aptenoperissus from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Stephanoidea, Aptenoperissidae). Cretaceous Research, 92, 8–11.