Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2020-12-21

A new fossil genus of the tribe Synchitini Erichson (Tenebrionoidea: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from Eocene Baltic amber

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nahimovskiy prospekt 36, Moscow 117997, Russia Kaliningrad Regional Amber Museum, Marshal Vasilevskii square 1, Kaliningrad 236016, Russia
16405 Fox Valley Terrace, Rockville, Maryland 20853, USA
Coleoptera Tenebrionoidea Zopheridae Colydiinae Cenozoic Paleogene succinite new taxa cylindrical bark beetle interfacetal setation

Abstract

A new extinct monotypic genus and species of the cylindrical bark beetles, Semicoxelus sontagae gen. et sp. nov., is described and figured based on an inclusion in Baltic amber. The new representative from the Eocene is classified within the synchitine tribe and placed near the morphologically close extant genera, including Coxelus Dejean, Diodesma Latreille and Notocoxelus Ślipiński & Lawrence. The description and comparison of the new fossil are accompanied by a brief discussion focusing on an interesting morphological character of cylindrical bark beetles: the presence/absence of interfacetal setae on the eyes.

References

  1. Alekseev, V.I. & Alekseev, P.I. (2019) New fossil cylindrical bark beetle (Zopheridae: Colydiinae: Gempylodini) from Eocene Baltic amber: an abnormal or intermediate form within Tenebrionoidea. Palaeontologia Electronica, 22.2.43A, 1–10.

    https://doi.org/10.26879/963

    Alekseev, V.I. & Bukejs, A. (2016) New Zopheridae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) from Baltic amber. Zootaxa, 4178 (3), 409–427.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4178.3.6

    Beutel, R.G. & Friedrich, F. (2005) Comparative study of larvae of Tenebrionoidea (Coleoptera: Cucujiformia). European Journal of Entomology, 102, 241–264.

    https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2005.037

    Bogri, A., Solodovnikov A., Kypke, J.L. & Żyła, D. (2020) Baltic amber members of the extant MicrillusScymbalium lineage of the Paederinae rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) and their systematic and ecological significance. Invertebrate Systematics, 34, 451–473.

    https://doi.org/10.1071/IS19070

    Bukejs, A. & Legalov, A.A. (2019) A new species of the genus Dorytomus Germar, 1817 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Baltic amber. Entomologica Fennica, 30, 173–178.

    https://doi.org/10.33338/ef.87174

    Bullis, D.A. (2020) A new species of Paleoendeitoma (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Palaeoentomology, 3 (1), 46–49.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.3.1.6

    Cheng, G.M., Tihelka, E., Shi, H., Tian, L., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2020) Specialised subcortical cylindrical bark beetles from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae). Historical Biology, 1–7.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2020.1819261

    Deng, C., Ślipiński, S.A., Ren, D. & Pang, H. (2017) The first Mesozoic colydiid (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from the Upper Cretaceous amber of Myanmar. Cretaceous Research, 78, 71–77.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.04.010

    Háva, J. (2019) A new species of Paleoendeitoma Deng, Ślipiński, Ren & Pang, 2017 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae) from Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. Folia Heyrovskyana, Series A, 27 (2), 9–12.

    Ivie, M.A., Lord, N.P., Foley, I.A. & Ślipiński, S.A. (2016) Colydiids of the New World: a key and nomenclatural acts 30 years in the making (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 70 (4), 755–788.

    https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-70.4.755

    Klebs, R. (1910) Über Bernsteineinschlüsse im Allgemeinen und die Coleopteren meiner Bernsteinsammlung. Schriften der Physikalisch-ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg, 51 (3), 217–242.

    Kundrata, R., Packova, G. & Hoffmannova, J. (2020) Fossil genera in Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera): a Triassic origin and Jurassic diversification. Insects, 11, 394.

    https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060394

    Lord, N.P. & Ivie, M.A. (2016) Several new genera and species of new world Synchitini (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 70 (4), 715–753.

    https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-70.4.715

    Machado, A. (2012) Two new Tarphius species from Macaronesia (Coleoptera, Zopheridae). Journal of Natural History, 46 (9–10), 637–643.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2012.654477

    Nikitsky, N.B. & Pollock, D.A. (2010) Melandryidae. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds), Handbook of Zoology. Vol. 2. Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co, Berlin, pp. 520–533.

    Poggi, R. (1985) Caratteri diagnostici e distribuzione delle specie italiane del genere Diodesma Latreille (Col. Colydiidae). Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria, Genova, 85, 363–374.

    Pollock, D.A. (2016) Revision of the genus Thisiomorphus Pic (Coleoptera: Mycteridae: Eurypinae) with descriptions of eleven new species from Central and South America and a key to genera of Neotropical Eurypinae. Zootaxa, 4093 (3), 301–322.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4093.3.1

    Reitter, E. (1882) Bestimmungs-Tabellen der europäischen Coleopteren. VI. Enhaltend die Familien: Colydiidae, Rhysodidae, Trogositidae. Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn, 22 [1881], 113–149.

    Shavrin, A.V. & Yamamoto, S. (2019) Unexpected palaeodiversity of omaliine rove beetles in Eocene Baltic amber (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Omaliinae). ZooKeys, 863, 35–83.

    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.863.34662

    Schmidt, J., Scholz, S. & Kavanaugh, D.H. (2019) Unexpected findings in the Eocene Baltic amber forests: ground beetle fossils of the tribe Nebriini (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Zootaxa, 4701 (4), 350–370.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4701.4.2

    Schuh, R. (1998) Franzorphius franti gen. et sp. n. from China (Coleoptera: Zopheridae: Colydiinae). Koleopterologische Rundschau, 68, 227–232.

    Schuh, R. (1999) Revision of the Oriental species of the genus Namunaria Reitter, 1882 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae, Colydiinae). Koleopterologische Rundschau, 69, 137–152.

    Ślipiński, S.A. (1985) New and little known species of Colydiidae from Asia, Madagascar and Comoro Islands. Annales Zoologici, 39 (10), 181–195.

    Ślipiński, S.A. & Lawrence, J.F. (1999) Phylogeny and classification of Zopheridae sensu novo (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) with a review of the genera of Zopheridae (excluding Monommatini). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 49 (1), 1–53.

    Ślipiński, S.A. & Schuh, R. (2008) Zopheridae. In: Löbl, I. & Smetana, A. (Eds), Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 5. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, pp. 78–87.

    Spahr, U. (1981) Systematischer Katalog der Bernstein und Kopalkäfer (Coleoptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), 80, 1–107.

    Stephan, K.H. (1989) The Bothrideridae and Colydiidae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Clavicornia and Heteromera. Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods. Vol. 6. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Gainesville, xii + 65 pp.

    Szawaryn, K. & Tomaszewska, W. (2020) New and known extinct species of Rhyzobius Stephens, 1829 shed light on the phylogeny and biogeography of the genus and the tribe Coccidulini (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 18 (17), 1445–1461.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2020.1769751

    Tshernyshev, S.E. (2020) New taxa of soft-winged flower beetles (Coleoptera, Malachiidae) in Baltic amber. Paleontological Journal, 54 (3), 67–75.

    https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030120030065

    Zaitsev, A.A. & Kompantsev, A.V. (2018) Description of the larva of Monomma resinorum Hope 1842 (Coleoptera, Zopheridae), with remarks on the composition of the family. Zoologicheski Zhurnal, 97 (11), 1374–1393.

    https://doi.org/10.1134/S0044513418110089