Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Short Communication
Published: 2020-12-21

Misfit micrelytrines: revised identities for two extinct true bugs (Heteroptera)

Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801. Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6960
Hemiptera Heteroptera

Abstract

It is no secret that fossilization can be a fickle process, being strongly influenced by a number of abiotic (e.g., habitat, oxygen level, isolation from other organisms, deposition, land disturbance, type of fossilization) and biotic (e.g., skeletal type, size of organism, life stage, population size) factors (e.g., Zherikhin, 2002). It also is a tremendously slow process, providing an extensive window of time for those forces to exert their influence. The result is a highly variable state of preservation from fossil to fossil. Some are extraordinarily true-to-life depictions of what the organism actually looked like millions of years ago (Li et al., 2013; Swanson et al., in press). Others, disarticulated and/or subject to geological pressures and upheavals, can fossilize less completely, with the resulting “depiction” difficult to interpret. More than occasionally, low preservational quality negatively affects taxonomic resolution, resulting in the misidentification or erroneous placement of fossil taxa (e.g., Popov, 2007; Fikáček & Schmied, 2013).

References

  1. Ahmad, I. (1965) The Leptocorisinae (Heteroptera: Alydidae) of the World. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, Supplement, 5, 1–156.

    Alroy, J. (2016) Fossilworks: Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Available from http://fossilworks.org/ (accessed 21 May 2020).

    Amyot, C.J.-B. & Audinet-Serville, J.G. (1843) Histoire naturelle des insectes. Hémiptères. Fain et Thunot, Paris, 675 pp.

    Barber, H.G. (1906) Hemiptera from southwestern Texas. Museum of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Science Bulletin, 1, 255–289.

    Berggren, W.A. & van Couvering, J.A. (1974) The Late Neogene: biostratigraphy, geochronology and paleoclimatology of the last 15 million years in marine and continental sequences. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 213 pp.

    Brailovsky, H. (2019) Illustrated identification key to the genera of New World Micrelytrini (Hemiptera: Alydidae: Micrelytrinae), with description of two new genera, one new species and new distributional records. Zootaxa, 4668 (3), 393–409.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4668.3.5

    Cockerell, T.D.A. (1927) Fossil insects in the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ninth Series, 20, 585–594.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222932708655492

    Evanoff, E., McIntosh, W.C. & Murphey, P.C. (2001) Stratigraphic summary and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Florissant Formation, Colorado. In: Evanoff, E., Gregory-Wodzicki, K.M. & Johnson, K.R. (Eds). Fossil flora and stratigraphy of the Florissant Formation, Colorado. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, (4) 1, 1–16.

    Fabricius, J.C. (1803) Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Carolum Reichard, Brunsvigae, 314 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11644

    Fieber, F.X. (1860) Die europäischen Hemiptera. Halbflügler. (Rhynchota Heteroptera). Heft I. Carl Gerold’s Sohn, Wien, pp. 1–108.

    Fikáček, M. & Schmied, H. (2013) Insect fauna of the Late Miocene locality of Öhningen (Germany) less diverse than reported: an example of the hydrophilid beetles (Coleoptera). Journal of Paleontology, 87 (3), 427–443.

    https://doi.org/10.1666/12-101.1

    Heer, O. (1853) Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Dritte Abtheilung: Rhynchoten. W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 138 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2469

    Heer, O. (1861) Recherches sur le climat et la végétation du Pays tertiaire. Jean Wurster & Comp., Winterthur, 220 pp.

    Heer, O. (1865) Die Urwelt der Schweiz. Friedrich Schultheß, Zürich, 622 pp.

    Jordan, K.H.C. (1969) Eine neue terrestrische Wanze aus dem Pliozän von Willershausen. Bericht der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft zu Hannover, 113, 107–108.

    Kerzhner, I.M. (1981) Poluzhestkokrylye semejstva Nabidae. In: Fauna SSSR. Nasekomye khobotnye. Tom. 13, Vyp. 2. Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Nauka, Leningrad, 326 pp. [In Russian]. [=Heteroptera of the Family Nabidae. In The fauna of the USSR. Insecta Rhynchota. Vol. 13, Pt. 2 (New Series, No. 124)].

    Laporte, F.L. de (comte de Castelnau) (1833) Essai d’une classification systématique de l’ordre des Hémiptères (Hémiptères-Hetéroptères, Latr.). Magazin de Zoologie, 6, 17–88.

    Latreille, P.A. (1810) Considérations générales sur l’ordre naturel des animaux composant les classes des Crustacés, des Arachnides, et des Insectes; avec un tableau méthodique de leurs genres, disposés en familles. F. Schoell, Paris, 444 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.39620

    Li, S., Shih, C., Wang, C., Pang, H. & Ren, D. (2013) Forever love: the hitherto earliest record of copulating insects from the Middle Jurassic of China. PLoS ONE, 8 (11), d78188.

    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078188

    Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Homiae, 823 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

    Mitchell, A.A. (2013) The EDNA Fossil Insect Database. Available from http://edna.palass-hosting.org (accessed 21 May 2020).

    Panizzi, A.R. & Schaefer, C.W. (2015) Chapter 18 Broad-headed bugs (Alydidae). In: Panizzi, A.R. & Grazia, J. (Eds). True Bugs (Heteroptera) of the Neotropics. Entomology in Focus 2. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp. 537–547.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9861-7_18

    Popov, Y.A. (2007) A new notion on the heteropterofauna (Insecta: Hemiptera, Heteroptera) from the Pliocene of Willershausen (N Germany). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 81 (4), 429–439.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02990254

    Rossi, P. (1790) Fauna etrusca, sistens insecta, quae in provinciis Florentina et Pisana praesertim collegit. Tomus Secundus. Thomae Masi & Sociorum, Liburni, 348 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.15771

    Schaefer, C.W. (1999) The higher classification of the Alydidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 101 (1), 94–98.

    Schuh, R.T. & Slater, J.A. (1995) Chapter 88. Alydidae. In: True bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Classification and natural history. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp. 271–274.

    Scudder, S.H. (1890) The Tertiary Insects of North America. Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories, 3, 1–734.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44698

    Stål, C. (1860) Bidrag till Rio Janeiro-traktens Hemipter-fauna. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 2 (7), 1–84.

    Stål, C. (1862) Bidrag till Rio Janeiro-traktens Hemipter-fauna. II. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 3 (6), 1–75 [imprint dates: 1858, 1860].

    Stål, C. (1867) Bidrag till Hemipterernas systematik. Öfversigt af Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 24 (7), 491–560.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.61897

    Stål, C. (1870) Enumeratio Hemipterorum: Bidrag till en förteckning öfver alla hittills kända Hemiptera, jemte systematiska meddelanden. Part 1. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 9 (1), 1–232.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12549

    Stål, C. (1873) Enumeratio Hemipterorum: Bidrag till en förteckning öfver alla hittills kända Hemiptera, jemte systematiska meddelanden. Part 3. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 11 (2), 1–163.

    Štys, P. & Říha, P. (1975) Two new genera and species of fossil Alydidae from the Tertiary of Central Europe (Heteroptera). Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Biologica, 1973, 185–197.

    Štys, P. & Říha, P. (1977) An annotated catalogue of the fossil Alydidae (Heteroptera). Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Biologica, 1974 (4), 173–188.

    Swanson, D.R. (2016) Chapter 3: An annotated taxonomic catalog of the described fossils of Reduvioidea (Heteroptera), pp. 93–175. In: Dead bugs do tell tales: implications of a new fossil assassin bug (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) for the evolutionary history and systematic of an extant lineage. M.S. Thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, 190 pp.

    Zherikhin, V.V. (2002) 1.4. Pattern of insect burial and conservation. In: Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Quicke, D.L.J. (Eds). History of insects. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 17–63.