Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Short Communication
Published: 2020-12-21

The first representative of the archaeorthopteran family Eoblattidae in the Konservat Lagerstätte of Avion, France (Insecta: Polyneoptera)

Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, SU, EPHE, UA, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, SU, EPHE, UA, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
2 Chemin des Processions, Neuilly Plaisance, F-93360, France
Insects Insecta Polyneoptera Archaeorthoptera gen. et sp. nov. taxonomy

Abstract

The Carboniferous was a period of high diversification of the polyneopteran insects of the superorder Archaeorthoptera (so-called ‘orthopteroid’ insects) (see Fossilworks site at http://fossilworks.org/bridge.pl?a=home). Some of the Late Carboniferous outcrops are very rich (Mazon Creek in North America, Commentry in France). The Konservat-Lagerstätte of Avion (Northern France) is especially rich for a Moscovian outcrop, with no less than six described genera and species: Aviogramma gracilis Prokop et al., 2014, Aviocladus pectinatus Prokop et al., 2014, Aviohapaloptera bethouxi Prokop et al., 2014, Aviologus duquesnei Coty et al., 2014, Cacurgus avionensis Schubnel et al., 2020, and cf. Tococladus sp. (Coty et al., 2014; Prokop et al., 2014; Schubnel et al., 2020). Here we describe a new genus and species, the first representative of the Carboniferous family Eoblattidae Handlirsch, 1906 from this outcrop, on the basis of a forewing.

References

  1. Aristov, D.S. (2004) The fauna of the grylloblattid insects (Grylloblattida) of the Lower Permian locality of Tshekarda. Paleontological Journal, 38 (suppl. 2), S80–S145.

    Aristov, D.S. (2005) New grylloblattids (Insecta: Grylloblattida) from the Triassic of Eastern Europe, Eastern Kazakhstan and Mongolia. Paleontological Journal, 39, 173–177.

    Aristov, D.S. (2015) Classification of the order Eoblattida (Insecta: Blattidea) with description of new taxa. Far Eastern Entomologist, 301, 1–56.

    Aristov, D.S. (2017) Palaeozoic evolution of the Insecta Gryllones. PhD Thesis, Moscow, 238 pp.

    Béthoux, O. (2005) Reassigned and new basal Archaeorthoptera from the Upper Carboniferous of Mazon Creek (IL, USA). Journal of Orthoptera Research, 14, 121–126.

    https://doi.org/10.1665/1082-6467(2005)14[121:RANBAF]2.0.CO;2

    Béthoux, O. & Nel, A. (2002) Venation pattern and revision of Orthoptera sensu nov. and sister groups. Phylogeny of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Orthoptera sensu nov. Zootaxa, 96 (1), 1–88.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.96.1.1

    Béthoux, O. & Nel, A. (2005) Some Palaeozoic ‘Protorthoptera’ are ‘ancestral’ orthopteroids: major wing braces as clues to a new split among the ‘Protorthoptera’. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2, 1–25.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477201904001488

    Coty, D., Háva, J., Prokop, J., Roques, P. & Nel, A. (2014) New archaeorthopteran insects from the Late Carboniferous of the Nord and Pas-de-Calais basins in northern France (Insecta: Cnemidolestodea, Panorthoptera). Zootaxa, 3878 (5), 462–470.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3878.5.4

    Handlirsch, A. (1906–1908) Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Ein Handbuch für Paläontologen und Zoologen. Engelman, V.W. publ., Leipzig, 1430 pp.

    Garrouste, R., Oudard, J., Roques, P. & Nel, A. (2019) The insect Konservat-Lagerstätte of the Upper Carboniferous of Avion (France): an exceptional geoheritage. 8th International Conference on Fossil Insects, Arthropods and Amber. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; April, 2019, 42–43.

    Martynov, A.V. (1924) Sur l’interprétation de la nervation et de la trachéation des ailes des Odonates et des Agnathes. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 18, 145–174.

    Nel, A., Roques, P., Nel, P., Prokin, A.A., Bourgoin, T., Prokop, J., Szwedo, J., Azar, D., Desutter-Grandcolas, L., Wappler, T., Garrouste, R., Coty, D., Huang, D.Y., Engel, M. & Kirejtshuk, A.G. (2013) The earliest-known holometabolous insects. Nature, 503, 257–261.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12629

    Prokop, J., Roques, P. & Nel, A. (2014) New non-holometabolous insects from Pennsylvanian of Avion locality in Pas-de-Calais, France (Insecta: ‘Exopterygota’). Alcheringa, 38, 155–169.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/03115518.2014.848620

    Schubnel, T., Roberts, D., Roques, P., Garrouste, R., Desutter-Grandcolas, L. & Nel, A. (2020) Moscovian fossils shed light on the enigmatic polyneopteran families Cacurgidae and Eoblattidae (Insecta: ‘Eoblattida’, Archaeorthoptera). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 18, 499–511.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2019.1627595

    Storozhenko, S.Yu. (1998) Sistematika, filogeniya i evolyutsiya grilloblattidovykh nasekomykh (Insecta: Grylloblattida) [Systematics, phylogeny and evolution of the grylloblattids (Insecta: Grylloblattida).] Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 207 pp. [In Russian].