Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-02-26

Descriptions of the first females of Embolemus (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Kachin (Myanmar) amber

Tropical Entomology Research Center, Via De Gasperi 10. I-01100 Viterbo, Italy
Department of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences (DAFNE), University of Tuscia, Via San Camillo de Lellis, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy
Friedhofstraße 9, 66894 Käshofen, Germany
Via Pericle Scriboni 28, 01017 Tuscania, Italy
I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, B. Khmelnitskogo 15, Kiev, 01601, Ukraine A.A. Borissiak Paleontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Str. 123, Moscow, 117647, Russia
Hymenoptera Embolemus brachypterus Embolemus micropterus lower Cenomanian identification key

Abstract

Embolemus brachypterus sp. nov. and E. micropterus sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea: Embolemidae) are described from Kachin (Myanmar) amber. They are the first females of Embolemus known from Kachin amber. The new species are characterized by the reduced wings. A key to the females of Embolemus from Kachin amber is presented.

References

  1. Ashmead, W.H. (1893) Monograph of the North American Proctotrypidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 45, 1–472.

    https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.45.1

    Brues, C.T. (1933) The parasitic Hymenoptera of the Baltic amber. Part I. Bernstein-Forschungen, 3, 4–178.

    Chény, C., Guillam, E., Nel, A. & Perrichot, V. (2020) A new species of Ampulicomorpha Ashmead from Eocene French amber, with a list of fossil and extant Embolemidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of the world. BSGF–Earth Sciences Bulletin, 191, 20.

    https://doi.org/10.1051/bsgf/2020020

    Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko, K. (2003) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21, 441–455.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/S1367-9120(02)00044-5

    Förster, A. (1856) Hymenopterologische Studien. II. Heft. Chalcidiae und Proctotrupii. Ernst ter Meer, Aachen, 152 pp.

    https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/36652#page/85/

    Gerstaecker, C.E.A. (1867) Beitrag zur Insekten-Fauna von Zanzibar, nach dem während der Expedition des Baron v.d. Decken gesammelten Material zusammengestellt. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 33, 1–49.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.13795

    Kawada, R., Lanes, G.O. & Azevedo, C.O. (2015) Evolution of metapostnotum in flat wasps (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae): implications for homology assessments in Chrysidoidea. PLoS ONE, 10, e0140051.

    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140051

    Latreille, P.A. (1802) Histoire naturelle générale et particulière, des crustacés et des insectes. Tome troisième. Familles naturelles des insectes. F. Dufart, Paris, France, xii + 13–467 pp.

    Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. L. Salvii, Holmiae [= Stockholm], 824 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

    Martynova, K.V., Olmi, M., Müller, P. & Perkovsky, E.E. (2019) Description of the first sclerogibbid wasp (Hymenoptera: Sclerogibbidae) from Burmese (Myanmar) amber and its phylogenetic significance. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 17 (21), 1571–1583.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2018.1551250

    Martynova, K.V., Zhang, Q., Olmi, M., Müller, P. & Perkovsky, E.E. (2020) Revision of the genus Dryinus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Myanmar) amber. Cretaceous Research, 106, 104217.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104217

    Olmi, M. (1996 [1995]) A revision of the world Embolemidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica (N.S.), 17, 85–146.

    Olmi, M., Mita, T. & Guglielmino, A. (2014a) Revision of the Embolemidae of Japan (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new genus and two new species. Zootaxa, 3793 (4), 423–440.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3793.4.2

    Olmi, M., Perkovsky, E.E., Guglielmino, A., Capradossi, L. & Jouault, C. (2020) Discovery of the first species of Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Hkamti (Myanmar) amber. Palaeoentomology, 3 (6), 556–560.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.3.6.4

    Olmi, M., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Brothers, D.J. & Guglielmino, A. (2014b) The first fossil Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Burmese amber (Myanmar) and Orapa Kimberlitic deposits (Botswana) and their phylogenetic significance. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 12 (6), 623–635.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/14772019.2013.829533

    Perkovsky, E.E., Martynova, K.V., Mita, T., Olmi, M., Zheng, Y., Müller, P., Zhang, Q., Gantier, F. & Perrichot, V. (2020a) A golden age for ectoparasitoids of Embiodea: Cretaceous Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea) from Kachin (Myanmar), Charentes (France) and Choshi (Japan) ambers. Gondwana Research, 87, 1–22.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2020.06.004

    Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P., Capradossi, L., Vasilenko, D.V. & Guglielmino, A. (2020b) A review of the Palaeoanteoninae (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae), with description of the first species from Kachin (Myanmar) amber and comments on its phylogenetic significance. Cretaceous Research, 116, 104582.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104582

    Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P., Guglielmino, A., Jarzembowski, E.A., Capradossi, L. & Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2020c) A review of the fossil Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of seven new species and history of the family. Cretaceous Research, 104708.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104708

    Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P. & Martynova, K.V. (2019) A review of the genus Hybristodryinus Engel, 2005 (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, with a discussion on its phylogenetic significance. Cretaceous Research, 99, 169–189.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2019.01.023

    Perrichot, V., Engel, M.S. (2011) A new micropterous species of Embolemus Westwood from Baltic amber (Hymenoptera: Embolemidae). Annales de Paléontologie, 97, 1–7.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annpal.2011.06.001

    Shcherbakov, D.E. (2002) The 270 million year history of Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). Denisia, 4, 29–36.

    Shi, G., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Yang, M., Lei, W., Li, Q. & Li, X. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2012.03.014

    Smith, D.A. & Ross, A.J. (2018) Amberground pholadid bivalve borings and inclusions in Burmese amber: implications for proximity of resin producing forests to brackish waters, and the age of the amber. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 107, 239–247.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691017000287

    Van Achterberg, C. & Van Kats, R.J.M. (2000) Revision of the Palaearctic Embolemidae (Hymenoptera). Zoologische Mededelingen, 74, 251–269.

    Varrone, R., Olmi, M. (2012 [“2010–2011”]) First record of host of Embolemus ruddii Westwood (Hymenoptera Embolemidae). Frustula entomologica (N.S.), 33, 91–95.

    Westwood, J.O. (1833) Descriptions of several new British forms amongst the parasitic hymenopterous insects. London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (Ser. 3), 2, 443–445.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/14786443308648084

    Xing, L. & Qiu, L. (2020) Zircon U-Pb age constraints on the mid-cretaceous Hkamti amber biota in northern Myanmar. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 558, 109960.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.109960

    Yu, T., Kelly, R., Mu, L., Ross, A., Kennedy, J., Broly, P., Xia, F., Zhang, H., Wang, B. & Dilcher, D. (2019) An ammonite trapped in Burmese amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 116, 11345–11350.

    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1821292116

    Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Wang, B., Zhang, H.C. (2018) Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants) in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber: A review of the fauna. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 129, 736–747.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2018.06.004

    Zheng, D.R., Chang, S.C., Perrichot, V., Dutta, S., Rudra, A., Mu, L., Kelly, R.S., Li, S., Zhang, Q., Zhang, Q.Q., Wong, J., Wang, J., Wang, H., Fang, Y., Zhang, H.C. & Wang, B. (2018) A Late Cretaceous amber biota from central Myanmar. Nature Communications, 9, 1–6.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05650-2