Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-06-29

Morphological revision of Siphonophora hui (Myriapoda: Diplopoda: Siphonophoridae) from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber

State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
Myriapoda Diplopoda Siphonophoridae Burmite arthropods Cretaceous palaeodiversity Myanmar

Abstract

Siphonophora hui Jiang et al., 2019, known from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, is the first formally described fossil species of the extant myriapod family Siphonophoridae. Here we re-study this species using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) on the basis of three new specimens from the same deposit. A comparison between the fossil and extant species of Siphonophora is given and several new morphological details are discussed.

References

  1. Attems, C.M.T. (1930) Myriopoden der Kleinen Sunda-Inseln, gesammelt von der Expedition Dr. Rensch. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 16 (1), 117–184. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.19300160103
  2. Attems, C.M.T. (1938) Die von Dr. C. Dawydoff in französisch Indochina gesammelten Myriopoden. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, (N. S.), 6 (2), 187–353.
  3. Azar, D., Perrichot, V., Neraudeau, D. & Nel, A. (2003) New psychodid flies from the Cretaceous ambers of Lebanon and France, with a discussion about Eophlebotomus connectens Cockerell, 1920 (Diptera, Psychodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 96, 117–127. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0117:NPFTCA]2.0.CO;2
  4. Golovatch, S.I. (1991) On a small collection of millipedes (Diplopoda) from northern Pakistan and its zoogeographic significance. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 98 (4), 865–878. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.79815
  5. Jiang, X., Shear, W.A., Hennen, D.A., Chen, H.M. & Xie, Z.C. (2019) One hundred million years of stasis: Siphonophora hui sp. nov. the first Mesozoic sucking millipede (Diplopoda: Siphonophorida) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 97, 34–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2019.01.011
  6. Loomis, H.F. (1936) Three new millipeds of the order Colobognatha from Tennessee, Texas, and lower California, with records of previously known species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 83 (2989), 361–368. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.83-2989.361
  7. Loomis, H.F. (1961) New and previously known millipeds of Panama. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 113 (3454), 77–123. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.113-3454.77
  8. Loomis, H.F. (1970) Millipeds of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands, and a new species from Puerto Rico. Florida Entomologist, 53 (3), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.2307/3493357
  9. Loomis, H.F. (1972) Millipeds from the atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica. Florida Entomologist, 55 (3), 185–206. https://doi.org/10.2307/3493145
  10. Mao, Y.Y., Liang, K., Su, Y.T., Li, J.G., Rao, X., Zhang, H., Xia, F.Y., Fu, Y.Z., Cai, C.Y. & Huang, D.Y. (2018) Various amberground marine animals on Burmese amber with discussions on its age. Palaeoentomology, 1 (1), 91–103. https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.1.1.11
  11. Mauriès, J.P. (1980) Diplopodes Chilognathes de la Guadeloupe et ses dépendances. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 4 (2), 1159–1111.
  12. Read, H.J. & Enghoff, H. (2009) The order Siphonophorida – A taxonomist’s nightmare? Lessons from a Brazilian collection. Soil Organisms, 81 (3), 543–556.
  13. Read, H.J. & Enghoff, H. (2018) Siphonophoridae from Brazilian Amazonia Part 1—The genus Columbianum Verhoeff, 1941 (Diplopoda, Siphonophorida). European Journal of Taxonomy, 477, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.477
  14. Read, H.J. & Enghoff, H. (2019) Siphonophoridae from Brazilian Amazonia. Part 2—Two new tree-climbing species of the genus Siphonophora, including one showing pilosity polymorphism (Diplopoda, Siphonophorida). European Journal of Taxonomy, 496, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2019.496
  15. Ross, A.J. (2019) Burmese (Myanmar) amber checklist and bibliography 2018. Palaeoentomology, 2 (1), 22–84. https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.2.1.5
  16. Ross, A.J. (2021) Supplement to the Burmese (Myanmar) amber checklist and bibliography, 2020. Palaeoentomology, 4 (1), 57–76. https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.4.1.11
  17. Shelley, R.M. (1996) A description of Siphonophora portoricensis Brandt (Diplopoda: Siphonophorida: Siphonophoridae), with a catalogue of ordinal representatives in the New World. Journal of Natural History, 30 (12), 1799–1814. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939600771051
  18. Shi, G.H., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Yang, M.C., Lei, W.Y., Li, Q.L. & Li, X.H. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2012.03.014