Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Short Communication
Published: 2021-09-24

Discovery of a new genus and species of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Kachin (Myanmar) amber: Rasnitsynum burmense gen. et sp. nov.

Tropical Entomology Research Center, Via De Gasperi 10. I-01100 Viterbo, Italy
Department of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences (DAFNE), University of Tuscia, Via San Camillo de Lellis, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy
Via Monte di Pietà, 10041 Carignano, Torino, Italy
Via Pericle Scriboni 28, 01017 Tuscania, Italy
I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, B. Khmelnitskogo 15, Kiev, 01601, Ukraine, A.A. Borissiak Paleontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Str. 123, Moscow, 117647, Russia
Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea Myanmar

Abstract

Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) are parasitoids, and often also predators, of leafhoppers, planthoppers and treehoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) (Guglielmino et al., 2013; Olmi et al., 2020b). Fossils of Dryinidae are known both as inclusions in amber and as compression fossils (Perkovsky et al., 2019; Olmi et al., 2010, 2020b; Martynova et al., 2020). Among the amber deposits, those situated in Myanmar are the richest. Mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber from Kachin State is known in fact to include Dryinidae belonging to the following subfamilies and genera: Anteoninae: Burmanteon Engel, 2003 (one species); Burmadryininae: Burmadryinus Olmi, Xu & Guglielmino, 2014 (one species); Dryininae: Dryinus Latreille, 1804 (12 species) (Martynova et al., 2020); Hybristodryinus Engel, 2005 (17 species) (Perkovsky et al., 2019; Tribull et al., 2020; Olmi et al., 2021; Wang et al., 2021); Pseudodryinus Olmi, 1991 (one species); Palaeoanteoninae: Palaeoanteon Olmi, 2000 (one species) (Perkovsky et al., 2020a); Raptodryininae: Raptodryinus Olmi, Perkovsky, Martynova, Contarini, Bückle, Guglielmino, 2020 (one species).

References

  1. Brues, C.T. (1923) Some new fossil parasitic Hymenoptera from Baltic amber. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 58, 327–346.  https://doi.org/10.2307/20025999

  2. Brues, C.T. (1933) The parasitic Hymenoptera of the Baltic amber. Part I. Bernstein-Forschungen, 3, 4–178.

  3. Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko, K. (2003) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21, 441–455.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1367-9120(02)00044-5

  4. Engel, M.S. (2003) An anteonine wasp in Cenomanian-Albian Amber from Myanmar (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 76 (4), 616–621.

  5. Engel, M.S. (2005) A dryinine wasp in Burmese amber (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 74, 485–494.

  6. Gerstaecker, C.E.A. (1867) Beitrag zur Insekten-fauna von Zanzibar, nach dem während der Expedition des Baron v.d. Decken gesammelten Material zusammengestellt. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 33, 1–49.

  7. Guglielmino, A., Olmi, M. & Bückle, C. (2013) An updated host-parasite catalogue of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3740 (1), 1–113.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3740.1.1

  8. Haliday, A.H. (1833) An essay on the classification of the parasitic Hymenoptera of Britain, which correspond with the Ichneumones minuti of Linnaeus. The Entomological Magazine, 1, 259–273.

  9. Haupt, H. (1944) Zur Kenntnis der Dryinidae III (Hymenoptera—Sphecoidea). Über eine Bernstein-Dryinidae. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 105, 90–94.

  10. Kawada, R., Lanes, G.O. & Azevedo, C.O. (2015) Evolution of metapostnotum in flat wasps (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae): implications for homology assessments in Chrysidoidea. PLoS ONE, 10 (10), e0140051.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140051

  11. Latreille, P.A. (1802) Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes. Volume 3. F. Dufart, Paris, 467 pp.

  12. Latreille, P.A. (1804) Tableau méthodique des insectes. In: Société de Naturalistes et d’Agriculteurs (Ed.). Nouveau dictionnaire d’Histoire naturelle, Vol. 24. Déterville, Paris, pp. 129–200.

  13. Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. L. Salvii, Holmiae [= Stockholm], 824 pp.  https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

  14. Martynova, K.V., Zhang, Q., Olmi, M., Müller, P. & Perkovsky, E.E. (2020) Revision of the genus Dryinus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Myanmar) amber. Cretaceous Research, 106, 104217.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104217

  15. Olmi, M. (1984) A revision of the Dryinidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 37, i–xii, 1–1913.

  16. Olmi, M. (1987) New species of Dryinidae, with description of a new subfamily from Florida and a new species from Dominica amber (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, 5, 211–238.

  17. Olmi, M. (1991 [1989]) Supplement to the revision of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica (N.S.), 12, 109–395.

  18. Olmi, M. (2000 [1998]) New fossil Dryinidae from Baltic and Lebanese amber (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica (N.S.), 21, 48–67.

  19. Olmi, M. (2005) A new fossil dryinid in amber from the Dominican Republic: Harpactosphecion scheveni n. sp. (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Frustula Entomologica (N.S.), 26–27, 15–19.

  20. Olmi, M. & Bechly, G. (2001) New parasitic wasps from Baltic amber (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Dryinidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B, 306, 1–58.

  21. Olmi, M., Chen, H.Y., Shih, C.K., Müller, P., Capradossi, L., Ren, D., Perkovsky, E.E. & Guglielmino, A. (2021) Two new species of Hybristodryinus Engel (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Myanmar) amber, with notes on their possible hosts. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 81, 43–55.  https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.81.57792

  22. Olmi, M., Copeland, R.S. & van Noort, S. (2019) Dryinidae of the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 4630 (1), 1–619.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4630.1.1

  23. Olmi, M., Perkovsky, E.E., Guglielmino, A., Capradossi, L. & Jouault, C. (2020a) Discovery of the first species of Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Hkamti (Myanmar) amber. Palaeoentomology, 3 (6), 556–560.  https://doi.org/10.11646/palaeoentomology.3.6.4

  24. Olmi, M., Perkovsky, E.E., Martynova, K.V., Contarini, M., Bückle, C. & Guglielmino, A. (2020b) An important intermediate step in the evolution of pincer wasps: an extraordinary new type of chela from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). Cretaceous Research, 111, 104420.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104420.

  25. Olmi, M., Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Guglielmino, A. (2010) Revision of rock fossils of Dryinidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 2499, 21–38.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2499.1.2

  26. Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. (2014) Dryinidae of the Neotropical Region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3792 (1), 1–534.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3792.2.1

  27. Olmi, M., Xu, Z. & Guglielmino, A. (2014) Descriptions of new fossil taxa of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from Burmese amber (Myanmar). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 54 (2), 703–714.

  28. Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P., Capradossi, L., Vasilenko, D.V. & Guglielmino, A. (2020a) A review of the Palaeoanteoninae (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae), with description of the first species from Kachin (Myanmar) amber and comments on its phylogenetic significance. Cretaceous Research, 116, 104582.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104582

  29. Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P., Guglielmino, A., Jarzembowski, E.A., Capradossi, L. & Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2020b) A review of the fossil Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) with description of seven new species and history of the family. Cretaceous Research, 121, 104708. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104708

  30. Perkovsky, E.E., Olmi, M., Müller, P. & Martynova, K.V. (2019) A review of the genus Hybristodryinus Engel, 2005 (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, with a discussion on its phylogenetic significance. Cretaceous Research, 99, 169–189.  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2019.01.023

  31. Riolo, P., Isidoro, N., Ruschioni, S., Minuz, R.L., Bin, F. & Romani, R. (2016) Anatomy of the Antennal Dorsal Organ in female of Neodryinus typhlocybae (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae): a peculiar sensory structure possibly involved in perception of host vibration. Journal of Morphology, 277, 128–137.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20485

  32. Shi, G., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Yang, M., Lei, W., Li, Q. & Li, X. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2012.03.014

  33. Smith, D.A. & Ross, A.J. (2018) Amberground pholadid bivalve borings and inclusions in Burmese amber: implications for proximity of resin producing forests to brackish waters, and the age of the amber. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 107, 239–247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755691017000287

  34. Tribull, C.M., Barden. P. & Olmi, M. (2020) Hybristodryinus moutesoe (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae), a new species from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese) amber. Cretaceous Research, 114, 104528.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104528

  35. Wang, Z., Olmi, M., Shih, C.K., Ren, D. & Gao, T.P. (2021) New parasitoid wasp of Hybristodryinus from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae). Cretaceous Research, in press.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2021.104861

  36. Xing, L. & Qiu, L. (2020) Zircon U-Pb age constraints on the mid-cretaceous Hkamti amber biota in northern Myanmar. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 558, 109960.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.109960

  37. Yu, T.T., Kelly, R., Mu, L., Ross, A., Kennedy, J., Broly, P., Xia, F.Y., Zhang, H.C., Wang, B. & Dilcher, D. (2019) An ammonite trapped in Burmese amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 116, 11345–11350.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1821292116

  38. Zhang, Q., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Wang, B., Zhang, H.C. (2018) Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants) in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber: A review of the fauna. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 129, 736–747.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2018.06.004

  39. Zheng, D., Chang, S.C., Perrichot, V., Dutta, S., Rudra, A., Mu, L., Kelly, R.S., Li, S., Zhang, Q., Zhang, Q.Q., Wong, J., Wang, J., Wang, H., Fang, Y., Zhang, H. & Wang, B. (2018) A Late Cretaceous amber biota from central Myanmar. Nature Communications, 9, 1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05650-2