Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2023-10-30
Page range: 496–506
Abstract views: 278
PDF downloaded: 29

Cretaceous beetles of the Jinju Formation (Coleoptera): Archostemata

Department of Science Education, Gongju National University of Education, 27 Ungjin-ro, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do 32553, Republic of Korea
Department of Science Education, Gongju National University of Education, 27 Ungjin-ro, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do 32553, Republic of Korea
College of Ecology and Environmental Science, Kyungpook National University, Sangju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 37224, Republic of Korea
Department of Cultural Heritage, Dongguk University, 30, Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 04620, Republic of Korea
Bristol Palaeobiology Group, School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom; State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
Coleoptera Archostemata Jinju Formation Lower Cretaceous


The beetles from the Lower Cretaceous Lagerstätte in South Korea, Jinju Formation, remain largely unstudied. In the present study, the fossils of suborder Archostemata from the Jinju Formation are described and illustrated, including the complete bodies of Asiania pax gen. et sp. nov. and Brochocoleus sacheonensis sp. nov., and the isolated elytra of Brochocoleus cf. punctatus, Omma sp. and Zygadenia cornigera sp. nov.


  1. Beutel, R.G., Ge, S.Q. & Hörnschemeyer, T. (2008) On the head morphology of Tetraphalerus, the phylogeny of Archostemata and the basal branching events in Coleoptera. Cladistics, 24, 270–298.
  2. Cai, C.Y. & Huang, D.Y. (2017) Omma daxishanense sp. nov., a fossil representative of an extant Australian endemic genus recorded from the Late Jurassic of China (Coleoptera: Ommatidae). Alcheringa, 41, 277–283.
  3. Cai, C.Y., Tihelka, E., Giacomelli, M., Lawrence, J.F., Ślipiński, A., Kundrata, R., Yamamoto, S., Thayer, M.K., Newton, A.F., Leschen, R.A.B., Gimmel, M.L., Lü, L., Engel, M.S., Bouchard, P., Huang, D.Y., Pisani, D. & Donoghue, P.C.J. (2022) Integrated phylogenomics and fossil data illuminate the evolution of beetles. Royal Society Open Science, 9, 211771.
  4. Chae, Y.U., Lim, J.D., Kim, C.B., Kim, K.S., Ha, S.J. & Lim, H.S. (2020) Detrital zircon U-Pb ages of the uppermost Jinju Formation in the Natural Monument No. 534 ‘Tracksite of pterosaurs, birds, and dinosaurs in Hotandong, Jinju’, Korea. Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 41, 367–380.
  5. Chang, K.H. (1975) Cretaceous stratigraphy of Southeast Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 11, 1–23.
  6. Choi, B.D., Jia, B.Y., Huh, M., Jung, J.Y. & Wang, Y.Q. (2021) Taxonomy, biostratigraphic and paleoecological aspects of non-marine ostracod fauna from the Jinju Formation (Albian) of the Gyeongsang Basin, South Korea. Cretaceous Research, 127, 104944.
  7. Choi, H.I. (1986) Fluvial plain/lacustrine facies transition in the Cretaceous Sindong Group, south coast of Korea. Sedimentary Geology, 48, 295–320.
  8. Dubois, A., Crochet, P.A., Dickinson, E.C., Nemésio, A., Aescht, E., Bauer, A.M., Blagoderov, V., Bour, R., De Carvalho, M.R., Desutter-Grandcolas, L., Frétey, T., Jäger, P., Koyamba, V., Lavilla, E.O., Löbl, I., Louchart, A., Malécot, V., Schatz, H. & Ohler, A. (2013) Nomenclatural and taxonomic problems related to the electronic publication of new nomina and nomenclatural acts in zoology, with brief comments on optical discs and on the situation in botany. Zootaxa, 3735, 1–94.
  9. Escalona, H.E., Lawrence, J.F. & Ślipiński, A. (2020) The extant species of the genus Omma Newman and description of Beutelius gen. nov. (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae: Ommatinae). Zootaxa, 4728, 547–574.
  10. Friedrich, F., Farrell, B.D. & Beutel, R.G. (2009) The thoracic morphology of Archostemata and the relationships of the extant suborders of Coleoptera (Hexapoda). Cladistics, 25, 1–37.
  11. Hong, Y.C. (1982) Mesozoic fossil insects of the Jiuquan Basin in Gansu Province. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 187 pp. [In Chinese]
  12. Hörnschemeyer, T. (2009) The species-level phylogeny of archostematan beetles—where do Micromalthus debilis and Crowsoniella relicta belong? Systematic Entomology, 34, 533–558.
  13. Hörnschemeyer, T. (2016) Archostemata Kolbe, 1908. Introduction and phylogeny. In: Beutel, R.G. & Leschen, R.A.B. (Eds), Handbook of Zoology, Arthropoda: Insecta, Coleoptera, beetles, Vol. 1: Morphology and systematics (Archostemata, Adephaga, Myxophaga, Polyphaga partim). 2nd Edition. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 41–43.
  14. Hünefeld, F., Marvaldi, A.E., Müller, B., Lawrence, J.F. & Beutel, R.G. (2011) The male postabdomen of the “ancestral” archostematan beetle Tetraphalerus bruchi Heller, 1913 (Ommatidae) and its phylogenetic significance. Arthropod Structure & Development, 40, 146–158.
  15. Jarzembowski, E.A., Yan, E.V., Wang, B. & Zhang, H.C. (2013a) Brochocolein beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the Lower Cretaceous of northeast China and southern England. Cretaceous Research, 44, 1–11.
  16. Jarzembowski, E.A., Yan, E.V., Wang, B. & Zhang, H.C. (2013b) Ommatin beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the Lower Cretaceous of northeast China and southern England. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 6, 135–161.
  17. Jarzembowski, E.A., Wang, B., Zhang, H.C. & Fang, Y. (2015) Boring beetles are not necessarily dull: new notocupedins (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the Mesozoic of Eurasia and East Gondwana. Cretaceous Research, 52, 431–439.
  18. Jarzembowski, E.A., Wang, B. & Zheng, D.R. (2016) An amber double first: a new brochocolein beetle (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from northern Myanmar. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 127, 676–680.
  19. Jarzembowski, E.A., Wang, B. & Zheng, D.R. (2017) A new reticulated beetle (Coleoptera: Cupedidae) with aedeagus preserved from mid-Cretaceous amber of Myanmar. Cretaceous Research, 80, 86–90.
  20. Kang, H.C. & Paik, I.S. (2013) Review on the geological ages of the formations in the Gyeongsang Basin, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 49, 17–29. [In Korean]
  21. Kim, J.Y. & Huh, M. (2018) Dinosaurs, birds, and pterosaurs of Korea: A paradise of Mesozoic vertebrates. Springer Nature, Singapore, 320 pp.
  22. Kirejtshuk, A.G. (2020) Taxonomic review of fossil coleopterous families (Insecta, Coleoptera). Suborder Archostemata: superfamilies Coleopseoidea and Cupedoidea. Geosciences, 10, 73.
  23. Kirejtshuk, A.G., Nel, A. & Kirejtshuk, P.A. (2016) Taxonomy of the reticulate beetles of the subfamily Cupedinae (Coleoptera, Archostemata), with a review of the historical development. Invertebrate Zoology, 13, 61–190.
  24. Lawrence, J.F. & Escalona, H.E. (2019) Archostemata Kolbe, 1908. In: Ślipiński, A. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds), Australian beetles. Vol. 2. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga (part). CSIRO Publishing, Clayton, pp. 1–3.
  25. Lawrence, J.F. & Ślipiński, A. (2013) Australian beetles. Vol. 1. Morphology, classification and keys. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton.
  26. Lee, S.B., Nam, G.S. & Li, Y.D. (2022) A new species of Notocupes (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) Jinju Formation in South Korea. Cretaceous Research, 140, 105357.
  27. Lee, S.S. (2016) Systematic classification of the Cretaceous Coleoptera fossils from the Jinju formation of Sindong Group in Gyeongsang Basin, Korea. Kyungpook National University, Daegu. [In Korean]
  28. Lee, T.H., Park, K.H., Chun, J.H. & Yi, K.W. (2010) SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages of the Jinju Formation and Silla conglomerate, Gyeongsang Basin. Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, 19, 89–101. [In Korean]
  29. Lee, T.H., Park, K.H. & Yi, K.W. (2018) Nature and evolution of the Cretaceous basins in the eastern margin of Eurasia: a case study of the Gyeongsang Basin, SE Korea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 166, 19–31.
  30. Li, Y.D. & Cai, C.Y. (2021) Revisiting the morphology of the Cretaceous ommatid beetle Clessidromma palmeri (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 61, e20216195.
  31. Li, Y.D., Liu, Z.H., Jarzembowski, E.A., Yin, Z.W., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2019) Early evolution of Cupedidae revealed by a mid-Cretaceous reticulated beetle from Myanmar (Coleoptera: Archostemata). Systematic Entomology, 44, 777–786.
  32. Li, Y.D., Tihelka, E., Yamamoto, S., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2020a) A close affinity of the enigmatic genus Stegocoleus with Lepidomma revealed by new fossil evidence (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Palaeoentomology, 3 (6), 632–640.
  33. Li, Y.D., Yamamoto, S., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2020b) A miniaturized ommatid beetle in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 60, e20206063.
  34. Li, Y.D., Tihelka, E., Pang, H., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2021a) Limnomma, a new genus of Ommatidae from the Middle Jurassic Daohugou beds (Coleoptera, Archostemata). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 68, 299–308.
  35. Li, Y.D., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2021b) New species of Omma Newman from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera, Archostemata, Ommatidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 68, 341–348.
  36. Li, Y.D., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2021c) Revisiting the morphology and systematic placement of the enigmatic Cretaceous ommatid beetle Bukhkalius lindae (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 61, e20216128.
  37. Li, Y.D., Yamamoto, S., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2021d) New species of Paraodontomma from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber with muscle tissue preservation (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 61, e20216153.
  38. Li, Y.D., Tihelka, E., Newton, A.F., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2023a) New species of Notocupes (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from the Middle Jurassic Daohugou beds, with discussion on the generic circumscription. Palaeoentomology, 6 (4), 398–415.
  39. Li, Y.D., Tihelka, E., Yamamoto, S., Newton, A.F., Xia, F.Y., Liu, Y., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2023b) Mesozoic Notocupes revealed as the sister group of Cupedidae (Coleoptera: Archostemata). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 1015627.
  40. Liu, Z.H., Tan, J.J., Ślipiński, A., Jarzembowski, E.A., Wang, B., Ren, D. & Pang, H. (2017) Brochocoleus zhiyuani, a new species of brochocolein beetle (Coleoptera: Ommatidae) from the Cretaceous amber of Myanmar. Annales Zoologici, 67, 79–85.
  41. Lubkin, S.H. (2007) Taxonomic studies on Paleozoic and Mesozoic beetles, with phylogenetic interpretation based on elytral venation and structure. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
  42. McKenna, D.D., Wild, A.L., Kanda, K., Bellamy, C.L., Beutel, R.G., Caterino, M.S., Farnum, C.W., Hawks, D.C., Ivie, M.A., Jameson, M.L., Leschen, R.A.B., Marvaldi, A.E., McHugh, J.V., Newton, A.F., Robertson, J.A., Thayer, M.K., Whiting, M.F., Lawrence, J.F., Ślipiński, A., Maddison, D.R. & Farrell, B.D. (2015) The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology, 40, 835–880.
  43. McKenna, D.D., Shin, S.G., Ahrens, D., Balke, M., Beza-Beza, C., Clarke, D.J., Donath, A., Escalona, H.E., Friedrich, F., Letsch, H., Liu, S.L., Maddison, D., Mayer, C., Misof, B., Murin, P.J., Niehuis, O., Peters, R.S., Podsiadlowski, L., Pohl, H., Scully, E.D., Yan, E.V., Zhou, X., Ślipiński, A. & Beutel, R.G. (2019) The evolution and genomic basis of beetle diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116, 24729–24737.
  44. Paik, I.S., Kim, H.J., Kim, S.Y., Lee, J.E., So, Y.H. & Lee H.I. (2019). Fossil-bearing deposits in the Jinju Formation at Jinju: Occurrences, paleoenvironments and stratigraphic implications. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 55, 513–530. [In Korean]
  45. Park, T.Y.S., Kim, Y.H. & Nam, K.S. (2013) Preliminary research on the aquatic coleopteran, Coptoclava from the Early Cretaceous Jinju Formation. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 49, 617–624. [In Korean]
  46. Ponomarenko, A.G. (1964) New beetles of the family Cupedidae from the Jurassic of Karatau. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 2, 49–62. [In Russian]
  47. Ponomarenko, A.G. (1966) Beetles of the family Cupedidae, Lower Triassic of Soviet Central Asia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 4, 47–68. [In Russian; translation in International Geology Review, 9, 957–973.]
  48. Ponomarenko, A.G. (1969) Historical development of archostomatan beetles. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, 125, 1–240. [In Russian]
  49. Ponomarenko, A.G. (1994) New Mesozoic cupedid beetles from Mongolia. Brochocoleini and Notocupedini. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 28, 83–93. [In Russian; translation in Paleontological Journal, 28, 102–115.]
  50. Ponomarenko, A.G. (1997) New beetles of the family Cupedidae from the Mesozoic of Mongolia. Ommatini, Mesocupedini, Priacmini. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 31, 45–55. [In Russian; translation in Paleontological Journal, 31, 389–399.]
  51. Ponomarenko, A.G. (2006) On the types of Mesozoic archostematan beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera, Archostemata) in the Natural History Museum, London. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 40, 86–94. [In Russian; translation in Paleontological Journal, 40, 90–99.]
  52. Sha, J.G., Pan, Y.H., Wang, Y.Q., Zhang, X.L. & Rao, X. (2012) Non-marine and marine stratigraphic correlation of Early Cretaceous deposits in NE China, SE Korea and SW Japan, non-marine molluscan biochronology, and palaeogeographic implications. Journal of Stratigraphy, 36 (2), 357–381.
  53. Sohn, J.C. & Nam, G.S. (2021) New fossil genus and species of carrion beetle (Coleoptera, Silphidae) from the Lower Cretaceous Jinju Formation, South Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 24, 584–587.
  54. Sohn, J.C., Nam, G.S., Choi, S.W. & Ren, D. (2019) New fossils of Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera) from Early Cretaceous Jinju Formation (South Korea) with their implications to evolutionary diversity of extinct Protagrypninae. PLoS One, 14, e0225502.
  55. Song, Z.Y., Zhao, X.Y., Jarzembowski, E.A. & Xiao, C.T. (2022) Overview of and taphonomic bias in Archostemata (Insecta: Coleoptera) from Cretaceous amber. Palaeontographica Abteilung A, 323, 119–137.
  56. Strelnikova, O.D. & Yan, E.V. (2021) Redescriptions of beetles of the Notocupes generic complex (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae) from the Lower Cretaceous of Buryatia. Palaeoentomology, 4 (5), 499–514.
  57. Strelnikova, O.D. & Yan, E.V. (2023) Redescriptions of the Triassic Notocupes beetles (Archostemata: Ommatidae) from Kyrgyzstan and South Kazakhstan. Palaeoentomology, 6 (2), 174–190.
  58. Tan, J.J. & Ren, D. (2009) Mesozoic archostematan fauna from China. Science Press, Beijing, 347 pp. [In Chinese with English summary]
  59. Tan, J.J., Ren, D., Shih, C.K. & Ge, S.Q. (2006) New fossil beetles of the family Ommatidae (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from the Jehol Biota of China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 80, 474–485.
  60. Tan, J.J., Wang, Y.J., Ren, D. & Yang, X.K. (2012) New fossil species of ommatids (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from the Middle Mesozoic of China illuminating the phylogeny of Ommatidae. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12, 113.
  61. Tihelka, E., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2019) New notocupedin beetle in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Palaeoentomology, 2 (6), 570–575.
  62. Tihelka, E., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2020a) New data on Ommatidae (Coleoptera) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 106, 104253.
  63. Tihelka, E., Huang, D.Y. & Cai, C.Y. (2020b) A new genus and species of Micromalthidae from Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Archostemata). Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 111, 39–46.
  64. Yamamoto, S. (2017) A new genus of Brochocoleini beetle in Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Cretaceous Research, 76, 34–39.
  65. Yamamoto, S. (2021) The extant telephone-pole beetle genus Micromalthus discovered in mid-Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Micromalthidae). Historical Biology, 33, 941–948.
  66. Yan, E.V., Wang, B., Ponomarenko, A.G. & Zhang, H.C. (2014) The most mysterious beetles: Jurassic Jurodidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) from China. Gondwana Research, 25, 214–225.
  67. Zhang, S.Q., Che, L.H., Li, Y., Liang, D., Pang, H., Ślipiński, A. & Zhang, P. (2018) Evolutionary history of Coleoptera revealed by extensive sampling of genes and species. Nature Communications, 9, 205.