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Articles
Published: 2020-12-28

Rodney Phillips Dales: influential annelid researcher, natural historian, editor, artist, gardener and architectural enthusiast (1927–2020)

Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF10 3NP, Wales UK
Heritage Consultant & Artist, Eastbourne, Sussex, England UK
53 Foxdown, Wadebridge, Cornwall, England UK
Marine Biological Association, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, Devon PL1 2PB, England UK
32 Abbotsford Tce, Devonport, Auckland 0624, New Zealand
Emeritus Professor in Environmental Law, Aberystwyth University, Wales UK
General

Abstract

Rodney Phillips Dales was born in Hornchurch, Essex on 15 January 1927. His father Sidney Phillips Dales was a Chartered Architect, his mother Muriel Emily (née Tattersall) kept the family home in the Squirrel’s Heath district, and frequently worked in her husband’s practice. Rodney and his brother Gordon (b. 1922) were raised in a strict Methodist family. They led a modest life, but one full of interest and diversion. Frequent trips to the seaside, and visits to buildings and artist friends of his father, helped shape Rodney’s interests and future career. He became fascinated by the diversity of the natural world and the wonderful architecture he encountered on his frequent bike rides into the Essex countryside.

References

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    Dales, R.P. (1957) Ragworms and caviar. New Scientist, 3 (53), 22–23 & 50.

    Dales, R.P. (1957) Zooplankton. Sheet 66. Heteropoda. Families: Atlantidae, Carinariidae, and Pterotracheidae. Conseil International pour L’Exploration de la Mer, 4 pp. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17895/ices.pub.4992 (accessed 3 June 2020)

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    Dales, R.P. (1958) Survival of anaerobic periods by two intertidal polychaetes, Arenicola marina (L.) and Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37 (2), 521–529.

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    Dales, R.P. (1959) Pelagic polychaetes from the Malacca Straits and South China Sea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 13, 2 (20), 481–487.

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    Dales, R.P. (1960) On the pigments of the Chrysophyceae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 39 (3), 693–699.

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    Dales, R.P. (1963) Pelagic polychaetes from waters off the coasts of Kenya and Tanganyika. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 13, 6 (68), 501–503.

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    Dales, R.P. (1963) A colorimetric method for the quantitative measurement of total lipids in tissues. Nature, London, 197 (4872), 1120–1121.

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    Dales, R.P. (1963) Accumulation of haematins by polychaetes. Nature, London, 197 (4874), 1302.

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    Dales, R.P. (1963) Book Review: Earthworm Physiology – The Physiology of Earthworms by M.S. Laverack. Pergamon Press, Oxford, London, New York and Paris, ix + 206.

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    Dales, R.P. (1963) Annelids. Hutchinson University Library, London, 200 pp.

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    Dales, R.P. (1965) Iron compounds in the heart-body of the terebellid polychaete Neoamphitrite figulus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 45 (2), 341–351.

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    Mangum, C.P. & Dales, R.P. (1965) Products of haem synthesis in polychaetes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 15 (2), 237–257

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    Bertin, L., Burton, M., Cooke, J.A.L., Cox, F.E.G., Dales, R.P., Davies, R.G., Dawes, B., Frazer, J.F.D., Green, J., Hawkins, S., Jones, J.W., Yonge, C.M. & Walker, P. (1967) Larousse Encyclopedia of Animal Life. Paul Hamlyn, London, 640 pp.

    Dales, R.P. (1967) Sipunculoids (Phylum Sipunculoidea), Echiuroid Worms (Phylum Echiuroidea), Segmented Worms (Phylum Annelida). In: Bertin, L., Burton, M., Cooke, J.A.L., Cox, F.E.G., Dales, R.P., Davies, R.G., Dawes, B., Frazer, J.F.D., Green, J., Hawkins, S., Jones, J.W., Yonge, C.M. & Walker, P. (Eds.), Larousse Encyclopedia of Animal Life. Paul Hamlyn, London, pp. 95, 96, 97–106.

    Dales, R.P. (1967) Annelids (Second Edition). Hutchinson University Library, London, 200 pp.

    Lee, W.L., Gilchrist, B.M. & Dales, R.P. (1967) Carotenoid pigments in Sabella penicillus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 47 (1), 33–37.

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    Dales, R.P. (1968) Conversion of δ-Amino Laevulinic Acid to Porphobilinogen by different tissues of the polychaete annelid Neoamphitrite figulus. Nature, London, 217 (5128), 553.

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    Dales, R.P. (1968) Book Review: Polychaeta in Africa – A Monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa By J.H. Day. Part 1: Errantia. Pp. viii+l–458. Part 2: Sedentaria. Pp. 459–878. (London: British Museum (Natural History), 1967.) 300s. the two parts. Nature, London, 217 (5134), 1187–1188.

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    Kennedy, G.Y. & Dales, R.P. (1968) Formation of uroporphyrin from porphobilinogen by the heart-body tissue and coelomocytes of the polychaete Neoamphitrite figulus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 48 (1), 77–79.

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    Dales, R.P. (1969) Respiration and energy metabolism in annelids. In: Florkin, M. & Scheer, B.T. (Eds.), Chemical Zoology. 4. Annelida, Echiura and Sipuncula. Academic Press, London, pp. 93–109.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-395537-1.50009-9

    Cox, F.E.G., Dales R.P., Green, J., Morton, J.E., Nichols, D. & Wakelin, D. (1969/1970) Practical Invertebrate Zoology: a laboratory manual for the study of the major groups of invertebrates, excluding protochordates (Dales, R.P., Ed.). Sidgwick & Jackson, London/University of Washington Press, Seattle, 356 pp.

    Dales, R.P. (1969/1970) Introduction, 3. Coelenterates, 4. Ctenophores, 7.4. Endoprocts, 8. Annelids, 9. Echiuroids, 10. Sipunculids, 12. Lophophorates, 19. Insects. In: Dales, R.P. (Ed) Practical Invertebrate Zoology: a laboratory manual for the study of the major groups of invertebrates, excluding protochordates. Sidgwick & Jackson, London/University of Washington Press, Seattle, pp. xi–xii, 49–61, 63–64, 102–103, 105–142, 143, 145–146, 211–212, 313–336.

    Dales, R.P., Magnum, C.P. & Tichy, J. C. (1970) Effects of changes in oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations on ventilation rhythms in onuphid polychaetes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 50 (2), 365–380.

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    Dales, R.P. & Pell, J. (1970) The nature of the peritrophic membrane in the gut of the terebellid polychaete Neoamphitrite figulus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 34 (4), 819–822.

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    Dales, R.P. (1970) Book Review: Comparative Zoology – Principles of Comparative Anatomy of Invertebrates By W. N. Beklemishev. Translated by J. M. Maclennan. Edited by Z. Kabata. Vol. 1: Promorphology. Pp. xxx + 490. Vol. 2: Organology. Pp. vii + 529. (Oliver and Boyd: Edinburgh, February 1970.) 200s the set. Nature, London, 225 (5237), 1079–1080.

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    Dales, R.P. (1970) Book Review: Spongology – The Biology of the Porifera. Edited by W.G. Fry. (Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, No. 25.) pp. xxviii + 512. (Academic: London and New York, May 1970.) 150s; $22.50. Nature, London, 227 (5261), 980.

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    Dales, R.P. (1970) Book Review: Life Between the Tides – Biology of Intertidal Animals By R.C. Newell. Pp. viii + 555 (Logos in association with Elek Books: London, 1970.) 160s. Nature, London, 227 (5263), 1169.

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    Dales, R.P. (1970) Book Review: Nitrogen Metabolism Compared – Comparative Biochemistry of Nitrogen Metabolism. Vol. 1: The Invertebrates. Edited by J. W. Campbell. Pp. xiii + 493. (Academic: London and New York, September 1970.) 150s. Nature, London, 228 (5277), 1235.

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    Dales, R.P. & Pell, J. (1971) The origin and nature of the brown substance in the gut caeca of the polychaetes Aphrodite aculeata and Gattyana cirrosa. Journal of Zoology, 163 (3), 413–419.

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    Dales, R.P. (1972) Burrows. New Scientist, 53 (781), 292–293.

    Dales, R.P. (1972) Book Review: Invertebrate Compendium – The Invertebrate Panorama. By J. E. Smith, J. D. Carthy, Garth Chapman, R. B. Clark and David Nichols. Pp. x + 406 + 28 plates. (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, November 1971.) £7.25. Nature, London, 237(5352), 240.

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    Dales, R.P. (1972) Book Review: Invertebrate Structure – Textbook of Zoology: Invertebrates. Edited by A.J. Marshall and W.D. Williams. Seventh edition of A Textbook of Zoology Vol. 1. By the late T. Jeffrey Parker and the late William A. Haswell. Pp. xix + 874. (Macmillan: London and Basingstoke, May 1972.) £5.70. Nature, London, 239(5371), 349.

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    Dales, R. (1972) Book Review: Fourth European Marine Biology Symposium edited by D.J. Crisp. Cambridge University Press, pp 600, £12.40. New Scientist, 53(780), 227.

    Dales, R.P. & Peter, G. (1972) A synopsis of the pelagic Polychaeta. Journal of Natural History, 6(1), 55–92.

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    Dales, R.P. (1973) Book Review: Nemerteans By Ray Gibson. Pp. 224. (Hutchinson: London, August 1972.) £3 hardback; £1.75 paperback. Nature, London, 241(2384), 74.

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    Dales, R.P. (1973) In Praise of Zoology (Inaugural lecture 1 November 1973), Bedford College, London, 16 pp.

    Wells, R.M.G. & Dales, R.P. (1974) Oxygenational properties of haemerythrin in the blood of Magelona papillicornis Müller (Polychaeta: Magelonidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 49A, 57–64.

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    Dales, R.P. (1974) Book Review: Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates. Vol. 1: Acoelomate and Pseudocoelomate Metazoans. Edited by Arthur C. Giese and John S. Pearse. Pp. xi+546. (Academic: New York and London, 1974.) $38; £13.45. Nature, London, 251(5475), 556.

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    Wells, R.M.G. & Dales, R.P. (1975) Haemoglobin function in Terebella lapidaria L., an intertidal terebellid polychaete. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55(1), 211–220.

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    Wells, R.M.G. & Dales, R.P. (1975) The respiratory significance of chlorocruorin. In: Barnes, H. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Ninth European Marine Biology Symposium, Oban, Scotland, 1974 Aberdeen University Press, Aberdeen, pp. 673–681.

    Wells, R.M.G. & Dales, R.P. (1976) Subunit organisation in the respiratory proteins of the Polychaeta. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 54A(4), 387–394.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(76)90036-0

    Wells, R.M.G. & Dales, R.P. (1976) A preliminary investigation into the oxygen-combining properties of pogonophore haemoglobin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 54A(4), 395–396.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(76)90037-2

    Dales, R.P. (1976) Book Review: Understanding invertebrates – A Functional Anatomy of Invertebrates. By V. Fretter and A. Graham. Pp. vi+589. (Academic: London and New York, March 1976.) £12.50; $31. Nature, London, 263(5572), 83.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/263083a0

    Dales, R.P. (1977) The polychaete stomodeum and phylogeny. In: Reish, D.J. & Fauchald, K. (Eds), Essays on polychaetous annelids in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. Allan Hancock Foundation Special Publication, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, pp. 525–546.

    Dales, R.P. (1977) Book Review: Adaptation to marine life – Adaptation to Environment: Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals. Edited by R. C. Newell, Pp. 539. (Butterworths: London and Boston, Massachusetts, November 1976.) £25. Nature, London, 265 (5595), 665.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/265665a0

    Dales, R.P. (1978) Second-set graft rejections: Do they occur in invertebrates? In: Curtis, A.S.G. (Ed.) Cell-Cell Recognition. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, 32, Cambridge University Press, London & New York, pp. 203–219.

    Dales, R.P. (1978) The basis of graft rejection in the earthworms Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia foetida. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 32 (3), 264–277.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2011(78)90189-1

    Dales, R.P. (1978) Why three? New Scientist, 77(1091), 530.

    Dales, R.P. (1978) Defence mechanisms. In: P.J. Mill (Ed.), Physiology of Annelida. Academic Press, London & New York, pp. 479–507.

    Dales, R.P. (1979) Defence of invertebrates against bacterial infection. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 72 (9), 688–696.

    https://doi.org/10.1177/014107687907200912

    Dales, R.P. (1979) Book Review: Biology of the intertidal zone – Biology of Intertidal Animals. By R.C. Newell. Third edition. Pp. 781. (Marine Ecological Surveys: Faversham, UK, 1979.) £22. Nature, London, 279 (5715), 744.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/279744a0

    Knight-Jones, P., Knight-Jones, E.W. & Dales, R.P. (1979) Spirorbidae (Polychaeta Sedentaria) from Alaska to Panama. Journal of Zoology, 189 (4), 419–458.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1979.tb03973.x

    Dales, R.P. & Dixon, L.J.R. (1980) Responses of polychaete annelids to bacterial infection. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 67A (3), 391–396.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-9629(80)80014-4

    Dales, R.P. & Warren, L.M. (1980) Survival of hypoxic conditions by the polychaete Cirriformia tentaculata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60 (2), 509–516.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400028526

    Warren, L.M. & Dales, R.P. (1980) Glucose degradation in the polychaete annelid Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje under anaerobic conditions. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 65B (2), 443–445.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(80)90046-2

    Dales, R.P. (Ed.) (1981) Practical Invertebrate Zoology: a laboratory manual for the study of the major groups of invertebrates, excluding protochordates (2nd Edition). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 356 pp.

    Dales, R.P. (1981) Introduction to the First Edition; 3, Coelenterates; 4, Ctenophores; 7.4, Endoprocts; 8, Annelids; 9, Echiuroids; 10, Sipunculids; 12, Lophophorates; 19, Insects. In: Dales, R.P. (Ed) Practical Invertebrate Zoology: a laboratory manual for the study of the major groups of invertebrates, excluding protochordates (2nd Edition). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp. xi–xii, 49–61, 63–64, 102–103, 105–142, 143, 144–145, 211–212, 313–336.

    Dales, R.P. (1981) Aspects of the evolution and development of body cavities, circulatory systems and ‘blood cells’. In: Ratcliffe, N.A. & Rowley, A.F. (Eds), Invertebrate blood cells, Volume 1. General aspects, animals without true circulatory systems to cephalopods. Academic Press, New York, pp. 3–16.

    Dales, R.P. & Dixon, L.J.R. (1981) Polychaetes. In: Ratcliffe, N.A. & Rowley, A.F. (Eds), Invertebrate blood cells, Volume 1. General aspects, animals without true circulatory systems to cephalopods. Academic Press, New York, pp. 35–74.

    Wells, R.M.G., Dales, R.P. & Warren, L.M. (1981) Oxygen equilibrium characteristics of the erythrocruorin (extracellular haemoglobin) from Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje (Polychaeta: Oweniidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 70A (1), 111–113.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(81)90405-9

    Dales, R.P. (1981) Book Review: Marine Invertebrates of California. Robert H. Morris, Donald P. Abbott and Eugene C. Haderlie, with 31 text contributors. Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1980. 928 pp., 900 figures, $30. ISBN 0-8047-1045-7. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 47 (3), 344.

    Dales, R. P. (1982) Hemagglutinins and hemolysins in the body fluids of Neoamphitrite figulus and Arenicola marina (Annelida: Polychaeta). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 73A (4), 663–667.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(82)90272-9

    Dales, R.P. (1982) Book Review: Invertebrate Respiration. Studies in Biology No 127: by R M G Wells. pp 80. Edward Arnold, London. 1981. £2.25. Biochemical Education, 10 (1), 40.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0307-4412(82)90050-4

    Dales, R. (1982) The older houses of Warnham: an introduction to the timber-framed buildings which may be seen throughout the parish. Warnham Historical Society, Horsham, 36 pp. Available from: https://www.warnhamsociety.org.uk/History/TheOlderHousesOfWarnham.pdf (Accessed 1 June 2020)

    Dales, R.P. (1983) Observations on granulomata in the polychaetous annelid Nereis diversicolor. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 42(2), 288–291.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2011(83)90077-0

    Dales, R.P. (1984) Blood and coelomic fluid in relation to internal defense in polychaete annelids. In: Cheng, T.C. (Ed.), Comparative Pathobiology, Vol. 6. Invertebrate Blood: Cells and Serum Factors, Springer US, pp. 41–48.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4766-8_3

    Braunbeck, T. & Dales, R.P. (1984) The role of the heart-body and of the extravasal tissue in disposal of foreign cells in two polychaete annelids. Tissue and Cell, 16 (4), 557–563.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-8166(84)90030-2

    Çotuk, A. & Dales, R.P. (1984) The effect of the coelomic fluid of the earthworm Eisenia foetida Sav. on certain bacteria and the role of the coelomocytes in internal defence. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 78A (2), 271–275.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(84)90145-2

    Çotuk, A. & Dales, R.P. (1984) Lysozyme activity in the coelomic fluid and coelomocytes of the earthworm Eisenia foetida Sav. in relation to bacterial infection. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 78A (3), 469–474.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(84)90580-2

    Braunbeck, T. & Dales, R.P. (1985) The ultrastructure of the heart-body and extravasal tissue in the polychaete annelids Neoamphitrite figulus and Arenicola marina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65 (3), 653–662.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400052498

    Dales, R.P. & Cummings, M.O. (1987) The ultrastructure of the heart-body of the lugworm, Arenicola marina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 67 (3), 647–652.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400027351

    Dales, R.P. & Cummings, M.O. (1987) Role of the nephridia in the elimination of foreign cells from the coelomic fluid of two polychaete annelids, with observations on the structure of the nephridia. Tissue and Cell, 19 (3), 387–397.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-8166(87)90034-6

    Dales, R. & Gilchrist, B. (1987) History of the Zoology Department, Bedford College, 1849–1985. RP Dales, 42 pp.

    Pleijel, F. & Dales, R.P. (1991) Polychaetes: British Phyllodocoideans, Typhloscolecoideans and Tomopteroideans. Synopses of the British Fauna, New Series, 45. Universal Book Services/Dr. W. Backhuys, Oegstgeest, 202 pp.

    Dales, R.P. (1992) Phagocyte interactions in echinoid and asteroid echinoderms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 72 (2), 473–482.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400037838

    Dale, R.P. & Kalaç, Y. (1992) Phagocytic defence by the earthworm Eisenia foetida against certain pathogenic bacteria. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 101A (3), 487–490.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(92)90499-G

    Dales, R.P. (1993) Behavior of Eisenia foetida coelomocytes in Vitro. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 61 (3), 331–332.

    https://doi.org/10.1006/jipa.1993.1064

    Dales, R.P. (2003) Pretty in Pink. New Scientist, 180(2416), 65.

    Dales, R.P. (2007) Geranium pylsovianum, G. orientalitibeticum. Geraniaceae Group News, 102, 14.

    Dales, R.P. & Clifton, R. (2007) Geranium pylzovianum, G. orientalitibeticum. Geraniaceae Group News, 107, autumn.

    Dales, R.P. (2012) Feedback: ‘Handwritten letter to the Editor, Dr Pulsford, 31.10.11’. JMBA Global Marine Environment, 15, 55.

    Dales, R.P. (2015) Feeding Mechanisms (Invertebrate). In: AccessScience. McGraw-Hill Education. Available from https://www.accessscience.com/content/feeding-mechanisms-invertebrate/252300 (Accessed 1 June 2020)

    Dales, R.P. (2018) The Buildings of Warnham: A history of a parish in the Weald of West Sussex. Foundry Press, Horsham, West Sussex. 184 pp. Available from https://warnhamsociety.org.uk/History/BuildingsofWarnham-Web.pdf (Accessed 1 June 2020).