Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Jawa Timur Province, Java, Indonesia, with taxonomic remarks on C. fumosus (Müller, 1895)

LUKAS HARTMANN, SVEN MECKE, MAX KIECKBUSCH, FELIX MADER, HINRICH KAISER

Abstract


A new species of the gekkonid lizard genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 is described from Klakah, Lumajang Regency, Jawa Timur Province, Java, Indonesia. Cyrtodactylus klakahensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all other congeners by the presence of (1) a deep precloacal groove in males, (2) three rows of enlarged precloacofemoral scales, of which the third row bears 37–38 pores in males, (3) three or four rows of enlarged scales between the precloacofemoral scale rows and the cloaca, forming distinct chevrons, (4) raised and strongly keeled dorsal tubercles in 15–19 rows at midbody, (5) an indistinct lateral fold, (6) 17–20 subdigital lamellae under the 4th toe, and (7) subcaudal scales which are not transversely enlarged. Cyrtodactylus klakahensis sp. nov. is only the third bent-toed gecko species described from Java, indicating that the diversity of this genus on this island has been neglected in the past. Furthermore, we confirm that C. fumosus (Müller, 1895) is a species that possesses a precloacal groove in males and is most likely restricted to northern Sulawesi. That species is defined by a single female holotype (NMB-REPT 2662). Specimens in museum collections catalogued as C. fumosus from localities elsewhere are misidentified and likely represent undescribed species.

 


Keywords


Reptilia, Cyrtodactylus klakahensis sp. nov., C. fumosus, C. marmoratus, Lacertilia, Gekkonidae, bent-toed geckos, East Java, Indonesia, Greater Sunda Islands, morphology

Full Text:

PDF (4MB)

References


Auffenberg, W. (1980) The herpetofauna of Komodo, with notes on adjacent areas. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Science, 25 (2), 63–67.

Bauer, A.M. & Doughty, P. (2012) A new bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from the Kimberley region, Western Australia. Zootaxa, 3187, 32–42.

Bauer, A.M. & Henle, K. (1994) The Animal Kingdom, Part 109: Gekkonidae (Reptilia, Sauria). Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 306 pp.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110885958

Bleeker, P. (1860) Reptilien van Agam. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, 20, 325–329.

Boettger, O. (1892) Listen von Kriechtieren und Lurchen aus dem tropischen Asien und aus Papuasien. Bericht des Offenbacher Vereins für Naturkunde, 29–32, 65–164.

Boettger, O. (1900) Die Reptilien und Batrachier. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 25, 325–400.

Boulenger, G.A. (1897) A catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Celebes with special reference to the collections made by Drs P & F Sarasin in 1893–1896. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1897, 193–237.

Brongersma, L.D. (1934) Contributions to Indo-Australian herpetology. Zoologische Mededelingen, 17, 161–251.

Brongersma, L.D. (1953) Gymnodactylus marmoratus. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 62, 172–175.

Chan, K.O. & Norhayati, A. (2010) A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeastern Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 2389, 47–56.

Darevsky, I.S. (1964) Die Reptilien der Inseln Komodo. Padar und Rintja im Kleinen Sunda-Archipel, Indonesien. Senckenbergiana biologica, 43 (3/5), 563–576.

Darevsky, I.S. (1964) Two new species of gekkonid lizards from the Komodo Island in Lesser Sundas Archipelago [sic]. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 173, 169–174.

Das, I. (1993) Cnemaspis gordongekkoi, a new gecko from Lombok, Indonesia, and the biogeography of oriental species of Cnemaspis (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Hamadryad, 18, 1–9.

Das, I. (2010) A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-east Asia. New Holland Publisher, London, 376 pp.

Das, I. & Jim, L.L. (2000) A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Pulau Tioman, Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 48 (2), 223–231.

de Rooij, N. (1915) The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Vol. I: Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 384 pp.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10610

Dunn, E. (1927) Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the island of Komodo – III, Lizards from the East Indies. American Museum Novitates, 288, 2–3.

Gray, J.E. (1827) A synopsis of the genera of saurian reptiles in which some new genera are indicated, and the others reviewed by actual examination. Philosophical Magazine, 2 (2), 54–58.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786442708675620

Gray, J.E. (1831) A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E. & Pidgeon, E. (Eds.), The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation, by the Baron Cuvier, with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many before noticed. Vol. 9. V. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, pp. 1–110.

Grismer, L.L. & Leong, T.M. (2005) New species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Herpetology, 39 (4), 584–591.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1670/43-05A.1

Grismer, L.L. & Norhayati, A. (2008) A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 1924, 53–68.

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L. Jr. & Lim, K.K.P. (2012) Cyrtodactylus majulah, a new species of bent-toed gecko Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Singapore and the Riau Archipelago. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 60 (2), 487–499.

Hakim, L. & Miyakawa, H. (2013) Plant tree species for restoration program in Ranupai, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park Indonesia. Biodiversity Journal, 4 (3), 387–394.

Harvey, M.B., O’Connell, K.A., Barraza, G., Riyanto, A., Kurniawan, N. & Smith, E.N. (2015) Two new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the southern Bukit Barisan range of Sumatra and an estimation of their phylogeny. Zootaxa, 4020 (3), 495–516.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4020.3.5

Hayden, C.J., Brown, R.M., Gillespie, G., Setiadi, M.I., Linkem, C.W., Iskandar, D.T., Umilaela, Bickford, D.P., Riyanto, A., Mumpuni & McGuire, J.A. (2008) A new species of bent-toed gecko Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827, (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Herpetologica, 64 (1), 109–120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/07-026.1

Hikida, T. (1990) Bornean gekkonid lizards of the genus Cyrtodactylus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) with descriptions of three new species. Japanese Journal of Herpetology, 13 (3), 91–107.

Hong, S.K., Wu, J., Kim, J.E. & Nakagoshi, N. (2011) Landscape Ecology in Asian Cultures. Ecological Research Monographs. Springer, Heidelberg, 331 pp.

Inger, R.F. (1958) A new gecko of the genus Cyrtodactylus, with a key to the species from Borneo and the Philippine Islands. Sarawak Museum Journal, 8, 261–264.

Inger, R.F. & King, W. (1961) A new cave-dwelling lizard of the genus Cyrtodactylus from Niah. Sarawak Museum Journal, 11, 274–276.

Iskandar, D.T., Rachmansah, A. & Umilaela (2011) A new bent-toed gecko of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) from Mount Tompotika, eastern peninsula of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Zootaxa, 2838, 65–78.

Kathriner, A., Bauer, A.M., O’Shea, M., Sanchez, C. & Kaiser, H. (2014) Hiding in plain sight: a new species of bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from West Timor, collected by Malcolm Smith in 1924. Zootaxa, 3900 (4), 555–568.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3900.4.6

Kieckbusch, M., Mecke, S., Hartmann, L., Ehrmantraut, L., O’Shea, M. & Kaiser, H. (accepted) An inconspicuous, conspicuous new species of Asian pipesnake, genus Cylindrophis (Reptilia: Squamata: Cylindrophiidae), from the south coast of Jawa Tengah, Java, Indonesia, and an overview of the tangled taxonomic history of C. ruffus (Laurenti, 1768). Zootaxa.

Koch, A. (2012) Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its Offshore Islands. Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 374 pp.

Köhler, G. (2012) Color Catalogue for Field Biologists. Herpeton, Offenbach, 49 pp.

Kramer, E. (1979) Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM). Stand 1978. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 86 (1), 159–166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.82283

Linkem, C.W., McGuire, J.A., Hayden, C.J., Setiadi, I.M., Bickford, D.P. & Brown, R.M. (2008) A new species of bent-toed gecko (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Sulawesi Island, Eastern Indonesia. Herpetologica, 64 (2), 224–234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/07-040.1

Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. (1997) Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier-Verlag, Münster, Germany, 512 pp.

Mausfeld, P. & Böhme, W. (2002) A new Mabuya from Java, Indonesia. Salamandra, 38 (3), 135–144.

McKay, J.L. (2006) A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Bali. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida, 138 pp.

Mertens, R. (1929) Zwei neue Haftzeher aus dem Indo-Australischen Archipel (Rept.). Senckenbergiana, 11, 237−241.

Mertens, R. (1934) Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Deutschen Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. In: Thienemann-Festband, A. (Ed.), Tropische Binnengewässer. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 40, pp. 677–701.

Mocquard, F. (1890) Diagnoses d’espèces nouvelles de reptiles et de batraciens des iles Bornéo et Palawan. Le Naturaliste, Paris, France, 144–145.

Müller, F. (1895a) Reptilien und Amphibien aus Celebes, (I. Bericht). Verhandlungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 10, 825–843.

Müller, F. (1895b) Reptilien und Amphibien aus Celebes, (II. Bericht). Verhandlungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 10, 862–869.

Natus, I.R. (2005) Biodiversity and Endemic Centres of Indonesian Terrestrial Vertebrates. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Trier, Trier, 183 pp.

Oliver, P., Edgar, P., Mumpuni, Iskandar, D.T. & Lilley, R. (2009) A new species of bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus: Gekkonidae) from Seram Island, Indonesia. Zootaxa, 2115, 47–55.

Oliver, P.M., Skipwith, P. & Lee, M.S.Y. (2014) Crossing the line: increasing body size in a trans-Wallacean lizard radiation (Cyrtodactylus, Gekkota). Biology Letters, 10 (20140479), 1–4.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0479

Peters, W. (1871) Über neue Reptilien aus Ostafrika und Sarawak (Borneo), vorzüglich aus der Sammlung des Hrn. Marquis J. Doria zu Genua. Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, Germany, 566–581.

Riyanto, A., Bauer, A.M. & Yudha, D.S. (2014) A new small karst-dwelling species of Cyrtodactylus from Java, Indonesia. Zootaxa, 3785 (4), 589–599.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3785.4.7

Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. (2008) A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia, including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa, 1729, 8–22.

Rösler, H. & Kaiser, H. (in press.) Male secondary sexual characteristics of Cyrtodactylus celatus Kathriner et al., 2014. Spixiana.

Rösler, H., Richards, S.J. & Günther, R. (2007) Remarks on morphology and taxonomy of geckos of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827, occurring east of Wallacea, with descriptions of two new species (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra, 43 (4), 193–230.

Sabaj Pérez, M.H. (Ed.) (2014) Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology: an Online Reference. Verson 5.0 (22 September 2014). American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Washington, D.C., USA. Available from: http://www.asih.org/ (accessed 25 November 2015)

Shea, G., Couper, P., Wilmer, J.W. & Amey, A. (2011) Revision of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Australia. Zootaxa, 3146, 1–63.

Steindachner, F. (1867) Reptilien. In: Steindachner, F. (Ed.), Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair, Zoologischer Theil, Vol. 1, part 3. K. Gerold’s Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna, pp. 1–98.

Taylor, E.H. (1962) New oriental reptiles. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 43, 209–263.

Uetz, P. & Hošek, J. (Eds.) (2015) The Reptile Database. Available from: http://www.reptile-database.org (accessed 7 September 2015)

van Rooijen, J. & Vogel, G. (2008) Contributions to a review of the Dendrelaphis pictus complex (Serpentes: Colubridae) – 1. Description of a sympatric species. Amphibia-Reptilia, 29, 101–115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853808783431514

Weber, M. (1890) Reptilia from the Malay Archipelago. I. Sauria, Crocodylidae, Chelonia. In: Weber, M. (Ed.), Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien, Vol. I. E. J. Brill. Leiden, pp. 158–177.

Welton, L.J., Siler, C.D., Diesmos, A. & Brown, R.M. (2009) A new bent-toed gecko (genus: Cyrtodactylus) from southern Palawan Island, Philippines and clarification of the taxonomic status of C. annulatus. Herpetologica, 65 (3), 328–343.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/08-057R1.1

Werner, F. (1896) Zweiter Beitrag zur Herpetologie der indo-orientalischen Region. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Österreich, 46, 6–24.

Whitten, T., Afiff, S.A. & Soeriaatmadja, R.E. (1996) The Ecology of Java and Bali. Periplus Editions, Singapore, 969 pp.

Wikramanayake, E., Dinerstein, E. & Loucks, C.J. (2002) Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific – A Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington D.C., 824 pp.

Wood, P.L., Jr., Heinicke, M.P., Jackman, T.R. & Bauer, A.M. (2012) Phylogeny of bent-toed geckos reveals a west to east pattern of diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65, 992–1003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.08.025

Youmans, T.M. & Grismer, L.L. (2006) A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History, 10, 61–70.

Zug, G.R. (2010) An outlying Carlia population from Java and comments on species groups within the genus Carlia (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 61 (8), 389–408.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4067.5.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand