Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Morphological features of larvae of Pandalus eous, P. goniurus, and P. tridents (Decapoda, Pandalidae) from planktonic samples taken in marine waters near Kamchatka Peninsula



Description of larvae of three species: Pandalus eous, P. goniurus and P. tridens (family Pandalidae) from planktonic samples taken in the Okhotsk Sea, Avacha Gulf, and in the Bering Sea is given. Morphological features of larvae for the purpose of their identification are compared. Features which are not subject to significant intraspecific variation, and which is useful for the separation of these species in larval period are discussed. The most important features for identification of larvae of these species may be the structure of the rostrum, the presence or absence of denticles on the carapace and abdomen, the number of setae on different legs. The most reliable feature for the separation of larvae of these species into stages of zoea is the structure of the maxilla. A key to identify of species in larval stages and drawings of separate stages are given.


larvae, stages of development, features, carapace, abdomen, telson, segment, spines, setae, Crustacea

Full Text:



Bergstrom, B.I. (2000) The biology of Pandalus. Advances in Marine Biology, 38, 55–245.

Berkeley, A.A. (1931) The postembryonic development of the common Pandalids of British Columbia. Contri. Contributions to Canadian Biology and Fisheries, 6, 79–163.

Clark, P.F., Calazans, D. & Pohle, W. (1998) Accuracy and standardization of brachyuran larval descriptions. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 33, 127–144.

Garm, A. (2004) Revising the Definition of the Crustacean Seta and Setal Classification Systems Based on Examinations of the Mouthpart Setae of Seven Species of Decapods. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 142, 233–252.

Haynes, E.B. (1976) Description of zoeae of coonstripe shrimp, Pandalus hypsinotus, reared in the laboratory. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 74, 323–342.

Haynes, E.B. (1978) Description of larvae of the humpy shrimp, Pandalus goniurus, reared in situ in Kachemak bay, Alaska. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 76 (1), 235–248.

Haynes, E.B. (1979) Description of larvae of the northern shrimp, Pandalus borealis, reared in situ in Kachemak bay, Alaska. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 77 (1), 157–173.

Haynes, E.B. (1980) Larval morphology of Pandalus tridens and a summary of the principal morphological characteristics of North Pacific pandalid shrimp larvae. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 77, 625–41.

Haynes, E.B. (1985) Morphological development, identification, and biology of larvae of Pandalidae, Hippolytidae, and Crangonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda) of the northern north Pacific Ocean. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 83, 501–521.

Ivanov, B.G. (1965) Description of first larvae Far-East shrimp Pandalus goniurus. Journal of Zoology, Moscow, 44 (8), 1255–1257. [in Russian]

Ivanov, B.G. (1971) Larvae of some Far Eastern shrimps due to their systematic position. Journal of Zoology, Moscow, 5, 657–665. [in Russian]

Komai T. (1999) A revision of the genus Pandalus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Pandalidae). Journal of Natural History, 33, 1265–1372.

Kurata, H. (1964) Larvae of decapod crustacea of Hokkaido. 4. Crangonidae and Glyphocrangonidae. Bulletin of the Hokkaido Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory, 28, 35–50. [in Japanese]

Makarov, R.R. (1966) Lichinki krevetok, rakov-otshelnikov i krabov zapadno-kamchatskogo shelfa i ikh raspredeleniye. Nauka, Moskva, 164 pp. [in Russian]

Makarov, R.R. (1967) Larvae of the Shrimps and Crabs of the West Kamchatkan Shelf and their Distribution. The National Lending Library for Science and Technology, Boston Spa, 199 pp. [translated from Russian by B. Haigh]

Makarov, R.R. (1968) On shortening of the larval development in decapod crustaceans (Crustacea, Decapoda). Journal of Zoology, Moscow, 47 (3), 348–359. [in Russian]

Makarov, R.R. (1969) Spacing and distribution of decapod larvae in plankton of the western Kamchatka shelf. Journal of Oceanology, Moscow, 9 (2), 306–317. [in Russian]

Modin, J.C. & Cox, K.W. (1967) Post-embryonic development of laboratory reared ocean shrimp, Pandalus iordani Rathbun. Crustaceana, 13, 197–219.

Park, W., Perry, R.I. & Hong, S.Y. (2004) Larval development of the sidestriped shrimp (Pandalopsis dispar Rathbun) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pandalidae) reared in the laboratory. Fishery Bulletin U.S., 102, 118–126.

Pike, R.B. & Williamson, D.I. (1964) The larvae of some species of Pandalidae (Decapoda), Crustaceana, 6 (4), 265–284.

Rasmussen, T. & Ashan, M. (2011) Larval stages of Pandalus borealis. Marine Biology Research, 7 (2), 109–121.

Sedova, N.A. & Andronov, P.U. (2013) Qualitative composition and horizontal distribution of shrimp larvae in the north-west of the Bering Sea. Bulletin of the North-East Scientific Center, Russia Academy of Sciences Far East Branch, Magadan, 1, 30–38. [in Russian]

Sedova, N.A. & Grigoriev, S.S. (2013) Distribution of shrimp larvae near south-eastern coast of Kamchatka during spring 2009. Bulletin of the North-East Scientific Center, Russia Academy of Sciences Far East Branch, Magadan, 3, 77–86. [in Russian]

Sedova, N.A. (2004) Distribution of shrimp larvae in the western Kamchatka shelf in 1999 and 2001. Problems of Fisheries, Moscow, 5 (18), 193–205. [in Russian]

Slizkin, A.G. (2006) Atlas-guide of crabs and shrimps of the Russian Far-Eastern seas. Vladivostok: TINRO-center, 216 pp. [in Russian]

Sokolov, V.I. (2001) Decapod Crustaceans of the Southwest Kamchatka Shelf: R/V “Professor Levanidov” collection in June 1996. Arthropoda Selecta, 10 (2), 103–136.

Squires, H.J. (1992) Recognition of Pandalus eous Makarov, 1935, as Pacific species not a variety of the Atlantic Pandalus borealis Kroyer, 1938 (Decapoda, Carridea). Crustaceana, 63 (3), 257–262.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand