Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Description of a new species of Gymnotocinclus from the rio Tocantins basin with phylogenetic analysis of the subfamily Hypoptopomatinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae)

FÁBIO F. ROXO, GABRIEL S. C. SILVA, LUZ ENEIDA OCHOA, CLÁUDIO H. ZAWADZKI

Abstract


Gymnotocinclus canoeiro n. sp. of the Hypoptopomatinae is described from small tributaries of the upper rio Tocantins basin. It is distinguished from G. anosteos by having five characters: (1) the presence of body dermal plates, (2) the pectoral girdle not exposed in ventral view, (3) the pelvic spine longer than pectoral spine in males, (4) the pectoral fin with seven to eight branched rays, and (5) the presence of an adipose fin. Furthermore, maximum likelihood (ML) analysis was used to estimate a molecular phylogeny from previously published data of one nuclear (F-Reticulon 4) and three mitochondrial (16S RNA, COI and CytB) genes. The phylogenetic results revealed the new species as a sister taxon of Gymnotocinclus anosteos within the Otothyrini. We also included samples of Nannoplecostomus eleonorae that appeared sister group to all other Neoplecostomini species, and Plesioptopoma curvidens that appeared within the Neoplecostomini forming a sister clade to all species of Neoplecostomus, except N. ribeirensis and the species of Pareiorhina, except P. rudolphi.


Keywords


Cascudinhos, catfish, freshwater fishes, molecular phylogeny, taxonomy, Pisces

Full Text:

PDF (4MB)

References


Aljanabi, S.M. & Martinez, I. (1997) Universal and rapid salt-extraction of high quality genomic DNA for PCR-based techniques, Nucleic Acids Research, 22, 4692–4693.
https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/25.22.4692

Armbruster, J.W. (2003) Peckoltia sabaji, a new species from the Guyana Shield (Siluriformes, Loricariidae), Zootaxa, 344 (1), 1–12.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.344.1.1

Armbruster, J.W. (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of the suckermouth armored catfishes (Loricariidae) with particular emphasis on the Hypostominae and the Ancistrinae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 141, 1–80.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00109.x

Armbruster, J.W. (2008) The genus Peckoltia with the description of two new species and a reanalysis of the phylogeny of the genera of the Hypostominae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Zootaxa, 1822, 1–76.

Arratia, G. (1987) Description of the primitive family Diplomystidae (Siluriformes, Teleostei, Pisces): morphology, taxonomy and phylogenetic implications. Bonner Zoologische Monographien, 24, 1–120.

Azevedo-Santos, V.M. & Roxo, F.F. (2015) A new species of the genus Pareiorhina (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Paraná basin, southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 3937 (2), 377–385.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3937.2.8

Britski, H.A. (1997) Descrição de um novo gênero de Hypoptopomatinae, com duas espécies novas (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, São Paulo, 40 (15), 231–255.

Britski, H.A. & Garavello, J.C. (1984) Two new southeastern Brazilian genera of Hypoptopomatinae and a redescription of Pseudotocinclus Nichols, 1919 (Ostariophysi, Loricariidae). Papeis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo, 35 (21), 225–241.

Britski, H.A. & Garavello, J.C. (2003) Hisonotus insperatus: new species, from the upper Rio Paraná basin (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Loricariidae). Copeia, 2003 (3), 588–593.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-02-23R

Bockmann, F.A. & Ribeiro, A.C. (2003) Description of a new suckermouth armored catfish of the genus Pareiorhina (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), from southeastern Brazil. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 14 (3), 231–242.

Calegari, B.B. & Reis, R.E. (2010) A new species of Microlepidogaster (Siluriformes: Loricariidae: Hypoptopomatinae) from the upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 8 (3), 625–630.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252010000300007

Carvalho, T.P., Lehmann, A. & Reis, R.E. (2008) Gymnotocinclus anosteos, a new uniquely-plated genus and species of loricariid catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from the upper rio Tocantins basin, central Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 6 (3), 329–338.
https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-62252008000300006

Chamon, C.C., Aranda, A.T. & Buckup, P.A. (2005) Pareiorhina brachyrhyncha (Loricariidae: Siluriformes): a new species of fish from the Paraíba do Sul slope of Serra da Mantiqueira, southeastern Brazil. Copeia, 2005 (3), 550–558.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-04-276R

Chiachio, M.C., Oliveira, C. & Montoya-Burgos, J.I. (2008) Molecular systematic and historical biogeography of the armored Neotropical catfishes Hypoptopomatinae and Neoplecostominae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution, 49, 606–617.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.08.013

Edgar, R.C. (2004) Muscle: a multiple sequence alignment method with reduced time and space complexity. BMC Bioinformatics, 5, 1–19.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-5-113

Eigenmann, C.H. & Eigenmann, R.S. (1888) Preliminary notes on South American Nematognathi. I. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 2, 1 (2), 119–172.

Eigenmann, C.H. & Eigenmann, R.S. (1889) Preliminary notes on South American Nematognathi. II. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 2, 2, 28–56.
https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.3477

Eschmeyer, W., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (2016) Catalog of fishes. Electronic publication in “World Wide Web”. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp (accessed 23 April 2016)

Eschmeyer, W.N. & Fong, J.D. (2016) Species by Family/Subfamily. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/speciesbyfamily.asp (accessed 27 April 2016)

Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39, 783–791.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2408678

Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (2016) Catalog of fishes. Available from: http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp (accessed 31 January 2016)

Garavello, J.C. (1988) Three new species of Parotocinclus Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889 with comments on their geographical distribution (Pisces, Loricariidae). Naturalia (São Paulo), 13, 117–128.

Gauger, M.F.W. & Buckup, P.A. (2005) Two new species of Hypoptopomatinae from rio Paraíba do Sul basin, with comments on the monophyly of Parotocinclus and Otothyrini (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 3 (4), 509–518.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252005000400008

Gosline, W.A. (1947) Contributions to the classification of the loricariid catfishes. Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro, 41, 79–134.

Grande, L. (1987) Redescription of Hypsidoris farsonensis (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with a reassessment of its phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 7, 24–54.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.1987.10011636

Grande, L. & de Pinna, M.C.C. (1998) Description of a second species of Hypsidoris and a reevaluation of the genus and family Hypsidoridae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18, 451–474.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.1998.10011074

Günther, A. (1868) Diagnoses of some new freshwater fishes from Surinam and Brazil, in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1 (6), 475–481.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00222936808695733

Hall, T.A. (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, 41, 95–98.

Hancock, J. (1828) Notes on some species of fishes and reptiles, from Demerara, presented to the Zoological Society by John Hancock, Esq., corr. memb. Zool. Soc. In a letter addressed to the secretary of the Society. Zoological Journal, London, 4, 240–247.

Ihering, R. von (1907) Diversas especies novas de peixes nemathognathas do Brazil. Notas preliminares. Revista do Museu Paulista, New Series, 1 (1), 13–39.

Ihering, R. von (1911) Algumas especies novas de peixes d'agua doce (Nematognatha) (Corydoras, Plecostomus, Hemipsilichthys). Revista do Museo São Paulo, 8 (1910), 380–404.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature. 4th Edition. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 306 pp.

Kocher, T.D., Thomas, W.K., Meyer, A., Edwards, S.V., Pääbo, S., Villablanca, F.X. & Wilson, A.C. (1989) Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: Amplification and sequencing with conserved primers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 86, 6196–6200.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.86.16.6196

Lanfear, R., Calcott, B., Ho, S.Y.W. & Guindon, S. (2012) PartitionFinder: combined selection of partitioning schemes and substitution models for phylogenetic analyses. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29, 1695–1701.
https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss020

Langeani, F. (1990) Revisão do gênero Neoplecostomus, com a descricão de quatro espécies novas do sudeste brasileiro (Ostariophysi, Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Comunicações do Museu de Ciências de PUCRS, 3 (1), 3–31.

Lehmann A., P., Koech Braun B., Pereira, E.H.L. & Reis, R.E. (2013) A new species of the Hypoptopomatinae catfish Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), from the headwaters of the Rio Jequitinhonha, Brazil. Copeia, 2013 (3), 435–440.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-13-004

Lehmann A., P. & Reis, R.E. (2012) A new species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Zootaxa, 3390, 56–64.

Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.). Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, ii + 824 pp.

Lujan, N.K., Armbruster, J.W., Lovejoy, N.R. & López-Fernández, H. (2015) Multilocus molecular phylogeny of the suckermouth armored catfishes (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) with a focus on subfamily Hypostominae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 82, 269–288.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2014.08.020

Lütken, C.F. (1874) Ichthyographiske bidrag. I. Nogle nye eller mindre fuldstaendigt kjendte Pandsermaller, isaer fra det nordlige Sydamerica. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn, Aaret, 1873 (13–14), 202–220.

Martins, F. de O., Andrade, B.N., Rosa, A.C. & Langeani, F. (2014) Chauliocheilos saxatilis, a new genus and species of Hypoptopomatinae from rio Jequitinhonha basin, with a unique labial appendix (Teleostei: Loricariidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 25 (3), 193–204.

Martins, F.O., Calegari, B.B. & Langeani, F. (2013) Microlepidogaster arachas, a new species of hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 3608 (5), 379–388.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3608.5.6

Martins, F.D.O. & Langeani, F. (2011) Rhinolekos, a new genus with three new species of Hypoptopomatinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from upper rio Paraná. Neotropical Ichthyology, 9 (1), 65–78.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252011000100004

Miller, M.A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. (2010) Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments. Workshop (GCE), New Orleans, pp. 1–8.
https://doi.org/10.1109/GCE.2010.5676129

Miranda Ribeiro, A. de (1908) Peixes da Ribeira. Resultados de excursão do Sr. Ricardo Krone, membro correspondente do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Kosmos, Rio de Janeiro, 5 (2), 5 unnum. pp.

Miranda Ribeiro, A. de (1911) Fauna brasiliense. Peixes. Tomo IV (A) [Eleutherobranchios Aspirophoros]. Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro, 16, 22–54.

Miranda Ribeiro, A. de (1918a) Hemipsilichthys, Eignm. & Eignm., e generos alliados. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Sciências (Rio de Janeiro), 2, 101–107.

Miranda Ribeiro, A. de (1918b) Tres generos e dezesete especies novas de peixes Brasilieros. Revista do Museu Paulista, 10, 631–646.

Miranda Ribeiro, P. de (1939) Sobre o gênero Harttia, Steind. (Peixes: Loricariidae). Boletím Biológico, São Paulo, Nova Série, 4 (1), 11–13.

Mo, T. (1991) Anatomy, relationships and systematics of the Bagridae (Teleostei, Siluroidei) with a hypothesis of siluroid phylogeny. Theses Zoologicae 17. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, 216 pp.

Myers, G.S. (1927) Descriptions of new South American fresh-water fishes collected by Dr. Carl Ternetz. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 68 (3), 107–135.

Nijssen, H. (1972) Records of the catfish genus Corydoras from Brazil and French Guiana with descriptions of eight new species (Pisces, Siluriformes, Callichthyidae). Netherlands Journal of Zoology, 21 (4), 412–433.
https://doi.org/10.1163/002829671X00078

Nijssen, H. & Isbrücker, I.J.H. (1983) Sept espèces nouvelles de poissons-chats cuirassés du genre Corydoras Lacepède, 1803, de Guyane française, de Bolivie, d'Argentine, du Surinam et du Brésil (Pisces, Siluriformes, Callichthyidae). Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie, 10 (3), 73–82.

Oliveira, C., Avelino, G.S., Abe, K.T., Mariguela, T.C., Benine, R.C., Ortí, G., Vari, R.P. & Castro, R.M.C. (2011) Phylogenetic relationships within the speciose family Characidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Characiformes) based on multilocus analysis and extensive ingroup sampling. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11 (1), 275.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-275

Oyakawa, O.T. (1993) Cinco espécies novas de Harttia Steindachner, 1876 da região sudeste do Brasil, e comentários sobre o gênero (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Comunicações do Museu de Ciências de PUCRS, 6, 3–27.

Paixão, A.D.C. & Toledo-Piza, M. (2009) Systematics of Lamontichthys Miranda-Ribeiro (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), with the description of two new species. Neotropical Ichthyology, 7 (4), 519–568.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252009000400002

Pequeno, L.A. (2005) Terra Indígena Avá-Canoeiro Demarcação indefinida: risco de sobrevivência étnica. Revista de Estudos e Pesquisas, FUNAI 2, 171–182.

Pereira, E.H.L., Oliveira, J.C. & Oyakawa, O.T. (2000) Hemipsilichthys papillatus, a new species of loricariid catfish (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 11 (4), 377–383.

Pereira, E.H.L., Zanata, A., Cetra, M. & Reis, R.E. (2014) A remarkable sexually dimorphic new genus and species of Neoplecostomine catfish (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from a coastal drainage of eastern Brazil. Copeia, 2014 (4), 673–681.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-14-075

de Pinna, M.C.C. (1993) Higher-level phylogeny of Siluriformes (Teleostei, Ostariophysi), with a new classification of the order. PhD Thesis, City University of New York, New York, xi + 482 pp.

de Pinna, M.C.C. (1998) Phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical Siluriformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi): historical overview and synthesis of hypotheses. In: Malabarba, L.R., Reis, R.E., Vari, R.P., Lucena, C.A.S. & Lucena, Z.M.S. (Eds.), Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes. Museu de Ciências e Tecnologia da PUCRS, Porto Alegre, pp. 279–330.

Rapp Py-Daniel, L.H. & Fichberg, I. (2008) A new species of Rineloricaria (Siluriformes: Loricariidae: Loricariinae) from rio Daraá, rio Negro basin, Amazon, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 6, 339–346.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252008000300007

Regan, C.T. (1904) A monograph of the fishes of the family Loricariidae. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 17 (1), 191–350.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1904.tb00040.x

Reis, R.E., Pereira, E.H.L. & Armbruster, J.W. (2006) Delturinae, a new loricariid catfish subfamily (Teleostei, Siluriformes), with revisions of Delturus and Hemipsilichthys. Zoological Journal of Linnean Society, 147, 277–299.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00229.x

Reis, R.E., Pereira, E.H. & Lehmann A., P. (2012) A new genus and species of Hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Copeia, 2012 (1), 6–11.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-11-068

Reis, R.E. & Schaefer, S.A. (1992) Eurycheilus pantherinus (Siluroidei:Loricariidae), a New Genus and Species of Hypoptopomatinae from Southern Brazil. Copeia, 1992 (1), 215–223.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1446554

Reis, R.E. & Schaefer, S.A. (1993) Eurycheilichthys nom. nov., a substitute name for Eurycheilus Reis and Schaefer, 1992 (Siluridei: Loricariidae). Copeia, 1993 (3), 894.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1447263

Reis, R.E. & Schaefer, S.A. (1998) New Cascudinhos from Southern Brazil: Systematics, Endemism, and Relationships (Siluriformes, Loricariidae, Hypoptopomatinae). American Museum Novitates, 3254, 1–25.

Ribeiro, A.C., Carvalho, M. & Melo, A.L.A. (2005) Description and relationships of Otothyropsis marapoama, a new genus and species of Hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from rio Tietê basin, southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 3 (4), 489–498.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252005000400006

Ribeiro, A.C., Lima, F.C.T. & Pereira, E.H.L. (2012) A new genus and species of a minute suckermouth armored catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the rio Tocantins drainage, central Brazil: the smallest known loricariid catfish. Copeia, 2012 (4), 637–647.
https://doi.org/10.1643/CI-11-137

Ribeiro, A.C. de A., Melo, A.L. & Pereira, E.H.L. (2002) A new species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, southeastern Brazil. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 13 (3), 217–224.

Ringuelet, R.A. (1982) Una nueva subespecie del bagre patagonico Diplomystes viedmensis Mac Donagh, 1931 en el Rio Senguer (Chubut, Argentina). Limnobios (La Plata), 2 (5), 349–351.

Roxo, F.F., Albert, J.S., Silva, G.S., Zawadzki, C.H., Foresti, F. & Oliveira, C. (2014) Molecular Phylogeny and Biogeographic History of the Armored Neotropical Catfish Subfamilies Hypoptopomatinae, Neoplecostominae and Otothyrinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). PLoS ONE 9, e105564.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105564

Roxo, F.F., Silva, G.S.C., Mehanna, M. & Oliveira, C. (2012) Description of a new species of Pareiorhina (Siluriformes: Neoplecostominae) from Rio São Francisco basin. Zootaxa, 3512, 64–74.

Roxo, F.F., Silva, G.S., Ochoa, L.E. & Oliveira, C. (2015a) Description of a new genus and three new species of Otothyrinae (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). ZooKeys, 534, 103–134.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.534.6169

Roxo, F.F., Silva, G.S.C. & Oliveira, C. (2015b) A new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. ZooKeys, 498, 127–143.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.498.6896

Roxo, F.F., Silva, G.S.C., Oliveira, C. & Zawadzki, C.H. (2013) Hisonotus bocaiuva, a new species from the rio São Francisco basin, Brazil (Teleostei: Loricariidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (4), 319–326.

Schaefer, S.A. (1997) The Neotropical cascudinhos: systematics and biogeography of the Otocinclus catfishes (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 148, 1–120.

Schaefer, S.A. (1998) Conflict and resolution: impact of new taxa on phylogenetic studies of the neotropical cascudinhos (Siluroidei: Loricariidae). In: Malabarba, L.R., Reis, R.E., Vari, R.P., Lucena, Z.M.S. & Lucena, C.A.S. (Eds.), Phylogeny and Classification of Neotropical Fishes. Edipucrs, Porto Alegre, pp. 375–400.

Schaefer, S.A. (2003) Hypoptopomatinae. In: Reis, R.E., Kullander, S.O. & Ferraris-Jr., C.J. (Eds.), Check List of Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Edipucrs, Porto Alegre, pp. 321–329.

Schubart, O. (1964) Sôbre algumas Loricariidae da bacia do Rio Mogi Guaçu. Boletim do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Zoologia, Nova Série, 251, 1–19.

Silva, G.S.C., Roxo, F.F. & Oliveira, C. (2013) Pareiorhina hyptiorhachis, a new catfish species from the Rio Paraíba do Sul basin, southeastern Brazil (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). ZooKeys, 313, 65–76.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.303.4873

Silva, G.S.C., Roxo, F.F. & Oliveira, C. (2014) Hisonotus acuen, a new and phenotypically variable cascudinho (Siluriformes, Loricariidae, Hypoptopomatinae) from the upper rio Xingu basin, Brazil. ZooKeys, 442, 105–125.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.442.7870

Silva, G.S.C., Roxo, F.F., Oyakawa, O.T. (2016) Description of a new species of Pareiorhina (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 4107 (3), 381–391.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4107.3.6

Steindachner, F. (1877a) Die Süsswasserfische des südöstlichen Brasilien (III). Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 74 (1. Abth.), 559–694.

Steindachner, F. (1877b) Die Süsswasserfische des südöstlichen Brasilien. (IV). Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 76 (1. Abth.), 217–230.

Sullivan, J.P., Lundberg, J.G. & Hardman, M. (2006) A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution, 41, 636–662.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.044

Taylor, W.R. & Van Dyke, G.C. (1985) Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium, 9, 107–109.

Ward, R.D., Zemlak, T.S., Innes, B.H., Last, P.R. & Hebert, P.D.N. (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society B, 360, 1847–1857.
https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2005.1716

Weber, C. (1987) Hypostomus microstomus sp. nov. et autres poissons-chats cuirassés du Rio Parana (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Archives des Sciences (Geneva), 40 (3), 273–284.

Xia, X. & Xie, Z. (2001) DAMBE: Data analysis in molecular biology and evolution. Journal of Heredity, 92, 371–373.
https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/92.4.371

Xia, X., Xie, Z., Salemi, M., Chen, L. & Wang, Y. (2003) An index of substitution saturation and its application. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 26, 1–7.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00326-3

Xia, X. & Lemey, P. (2009) Assessing substitution saturation with DAMBE. In: Lemey, P., Salemi, M. & Vandamme, A.M. (Eds.), The Phylogenetic Handbook: A Practical Approach to DNA and Protein Phylogeny. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 615–630.
https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511819049.022

Zawadzki, C.H., Roxo, F.F. & da Graça, W.J. (2016) Hisonotus pachysarkos, a new species of cascudinho from the rio Ivaí basin, upper rio Paraná system, Brazil (Loricariidae: Otothyrinae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 26 (4), 373–383.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4268.3.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand