Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2023-12-29
Page range: 152-178
Abstract views: 62
PDF downloaded: 1

LTH 3. Literatura Taxonomica Herpetologica.3. Year 1758

Institut de Systématique; Évolution; Biodiversité (ISYEB); Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle; CNRS; Sorbonne Université; EPHE; Université des Antilles; Paris; France
Association RACINE; 5 allée des cygnes; 35750 Saint-Maugan; France
Early classifications new nomina availability taxonomic allocation amphibians reptiles 1758 Linnaeus Borlase Gesnerus Roesel von Rosenhof Vogel


This paper presents the analysis of six works by five authors (Linnaeus, Borlase, Gesnerus, Roesel von Rosenhof and Vogel) published in 1758 that contain classifications of amphibians and reptiles. The nomenclatural status of the herpetological nomina in these works, particularly regarding their availability and taxonomic allocation, is clarified.


  1. Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (1926) Opinion 92. Sixteen generic names of Pisces, Amphibia, and Reptilia placed in the Official List of Generic Names. In: Opinions rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Opinions 91 to 97, Smithsonian miscellaneous Collections, 73 (4): 3‒4.
  2. Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature. ‘Fourth edition’. London (International Trust for zoological Nomenclature): i–xxix + 1–306.
  3. Adl, S. M., Simpson, A. G. B., Farmer, M. A., Andersen, R. A., Anderson, O. R., Barta, J. R., Bowser, S. S., Brugerolle, G., Fensome, R. A., Fredericq, S., James, T. Y., Karpov, S., Kugrens, P., Krug, J., Lane, C. E., Lewis, L. A., Lodge, J., Lynn, D. H., Mann, D. G., McCourt, R. M., Mendoza, L., Moestrup, Ø., Mozley-Standridge, S. E., Nerad, T. A., Shearer, C. A., Smirnov, A. V., Spiegel, F. W. & Taylor, M. F. J. R. (2005) The new higher level classification of Eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic Microbiology, 52 (5): 399–451. <>.
  4. Bather, F. A. (1931) Nomenclature at the Eleventh International Zoological Congress. Nature, 127 (3192): 39–41. <>.
  5. Blanchard, R. (ed.) (1905) Règles internationales de la nomenclature zoologique adoptées par les Congrès Internationaux de Zoologie. Paris (Rudeval): 1–63.
  6. Borlase, W. (1758) The natural history of Cornwall. The air, climate, waters, rivers, lakes, sea and tides; of the stones, semimetals, metals, tin, and the manner of mining; the constitution of the stannaries, iron, copper, silver, lead, and gold, found in Cornwall. Vegetables, rare birds, fishes, shells, reptiles, and quadrupeds; of the inhabitants, their manners, customs, plays or interludes, exercises, and festivals; the Cornish language, trade, tenures, and arts. Oxford (W. Jackson): i–xix + 1–326 + [i–ii], 1–28 pl., 1 map. <>. [].
  7. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998) A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biological Reviews, 73 (3): 203–266. <>.
  8. David, P. & Ineich, I. (1999) Les serpents venimeux du monde: systématique et répartition. Dumerilia, 3: 3‒499.
  9. Dubois, A. (2007) Nomina zoologica linnaeana. In: Z.-Q. Zhang & W. A. Shear (ed.), Linnaeus tercentenary: progress in invertebrate taxonomy, Zootaxa, 1668: 81–106. <>.
  10. Dubois, A. (2010) Retroactive changes should be introduced in the Code only with great care: problems related to the spellings of nomina. Zootaxa, 2426: 1–42. <>.
  11. Dubois, A. & Bour, R. (2010) The nomenclatural status of the nomina of amphibians and reptiles created by Garsault (1764), with a parsimonious solution to an old nomenclatural problem regarding the genus Bufo (Amphibia, Anura), comments on the taxonomy of this genus, and comments on some nomina created by Laurenti (1768). Zootaxa, 2447: 1–52. <>.
  12. Dubois, A. & Frétey, T. (2021) Herpetological higher taxa nomina. 8. Amphibia Blainville, 1816. Bionomina, 21: 84–110. <>.
  13. Dubois, A. & Frétey, T. (2023a) LTH 1. Literatura Taxonomica Herpetologica. 1. Presentation. Bionomina, 36: 97–117. <>.
  14. Dubois, A. & Frétey, T. (2023b) LTH 2. Literatura Taxonomica Herpetologica. 2. Glossary. Bionomina, 36: 118‒151. <>.
  15. Dubois, A., Ohler, A. & Pyron, R. A. (2021) New concepts and methods for phylogenetic taxonomy and nomenclature in zoology, exemplified by a new ranked cladonomy of recent amphibians (Lissamphibia). Megataxa, 5: 1‒738. <>.
  16. Dunn, E. R. (1942) The American caecilians. Bulletin of the Museum of comparative Zoology, 91 (6): 437–540.
  17. Fitzinger, L. J. F. J. (1843) Systema Reptilium. Fasciculus 1. Amblyglossae. Vindobonae (Braumüller & Seidel): 1–106 + i–ix. <>.
  18. Fleming, J. (1822) The philosophy of zoology, or a general view of the structure, functions and classification of animals. Vol. 2. Edinburgh (Archibald Constable & Co.): 1–618. <>.
  19. Flores Villela, O. A. (2021) Reptilia vs. Sauropsida. Revista latinoamerica de Herpetología, 4 (1): 239–245. <>.
  20. Frétey, T. (2019) Capitalised epithets in the works of Linnaeus (1758‒1767): findings and consequences in herpetology. Bionomina, 16: 22–45. <>.
  21. Garsault, F. A. P. de (1764) Les figures des plantes et animaux d’usage en médecine, décrits dans la Matière Médicale de Mr. Geoffroy Médecin. Paris: [i–v] + 1–20, pl. 644–729. <>.
  22. Gesnerus, J. (1758) Tractatus physicus de petrificatis. Lugduni Batavorum (Theodorum Haak): 1–136. [].
  23. Gray, J. E. (1825) A synopsis of the genera of Reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annals of Philosophy, (2), 10: 193–217.
  24. Hasselquist, F. (1766) Voyages and travels in the Levant; in the years 1749, 50, 51, 52. Containing observations in natural history, physick, agriculture and commerce: particularly on the Holy Land and the natural history of the scriptures. London (L. Davis & C. Reymers): [i–iv] + i–viii + 1–456.
  25. Hemming, F. (1954) Opinion 230. Suppression, under the Plenary Powers, of Gesner (J.), 1758, Tractatus physicus de Petrificatis for nomenclatural purposes. Opinions and Declarations rendered by the International Commission on zoological Nomenclature, 4 (20): 231–238.
  26. Hemming, F. (1955) Opinion 332. Rejection for nomenclatural purposes of the work by William Borlase entitled The natural history of Cornwall published in 1758. Opinions and Declarations rendered by the International Commission on zoological Nomenclature, 9 (26): 355–368.
  27. Kuhn, O. (1965) Die Amphibien. System und Stammesgeschichte. Krailling bei München (Oeben): 1–102.
  28. Kuhn, O. (1967) Amphibien und Reptilien. Stuttgart (Gustav Fischer): i–vii + 1–124.
  29. Linnaeus, C. (1744) Systema Naturae in quo proponuntur natura regia tria secundum classes, ordines, genera et species. Editio quarta ab auctore emendata et aucta. Parisiis (Sumptibus Michaelis-Antonii David): [i] + i–xxvi + 1–108, 1 pl. <>.
  30. Linnaeus, C. (1758a) Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Tomus I. Holmiae (Laurentii Salvii): [i–iv] + 1–824. <>. [].
  31. Linnaeus, C. (1758b) Opera varia in quibus continentur Fundamenta Botanica, Sponsalia Plantarum, et Systema Naturae, in quo proponuntur naturae regna tria secundum classes, ordines, genera et species. Lucae (Typographia Juntiniana): [i–iv] + 1–376, 1 pl. <>. [].
  32. Linné, C. a (1766) Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, Reformata. Holmiae (Laurentii Salvii): 1–532. <>.
  33. Lovich, J. E. & Gibbons, W. (2021) Turtles of the world. A guide of every family. Princeton & Oxford (Princeton University Press): 1–240. <>.
  34. Märter, [F. J.] (1786) Nachrichten aus den bahamischen Inseln, an Herrn Hofrath von Born. Physikalische Arbeiten der einträchtigen Freunde in Wien, 2 (1):58–84.
  35. Melville, R. V. (1982) Opinion 1201. Elapidae Boie, 1827 (Reptilia, Serpentes): ruling to stabilize nomenclature of taxa in this family (and others). Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 39 (1): 21–26.
  36. O’Shea, M. (2021) Lizards of the world. A guide to every family. London (Ivy Press): 1–240. <>.
  37. O’Shea, M. (2023) Snakes of the world. A guide to every family. Princeton & Oxford (Princeton University Press): 1–240. <>.
  38. Pennant, T. (1769) British zoology. Class III. Reptiles. IV. Fish. London (Benjamin White): i–iv + i–xxiv + 1–358, pl. 1–17.
  39. Pline l’Ancien [Pliny the Elder] & Littré, É. (1877) Histoire naturelle de Pline avec la traduction en français. Paris (Firmin-Didot): 1: i–xvii + 1–742; 2: 1–708.
  40. Pough, F. H. & Janis, C. M. (2019) Vertebrate Life. Tenth edition. Oxford (Oxford University Press): i–xx + 1–552 + 1–2 + 1–8 + 1–5 + 1–34.
  41. Pyron, R. A., Burbrink, F. T. & Wiens, J. J. (2013) A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13 (93) : 1–53. <>.
  42. Rhodin, A. G. J., Iverson, J. B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H. B. & Van Dijk P; P. (2021) Turtles of the World: annotated checklist and atlas of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status (9th ed.). Chelonian Research Monographs, 8: i–x + 1–472. <>.
  43. Roesel von Rosenhof, A. I. / Rösel von Rosenhof, A. J. (1758) Historia naturalis ranarum nostratium in qua omnes earum proprietates, praesentim quae ad generationem ipsarum pertinent, fusius enarrantur. / Die natürliche Historie der Frösche hiesigen Landes worinnen alle Eigenschaften derselben, sonderlich aber ihre Fortpflanzung, umstättlich beschrieben werden. Norimbergae [Nürnberg] (Iohannis Josephi Fleischmanni): [i–viii] + i–viii + 1–116, pl. 1–24 + front. <>. [1758.ra.p.005].
  44. Strauch, A. (1863) Characteristik zweier neuer Eidechsen aus Persien. Bulletin de l’Académie impériale des Sciences de St-Pétersbourg, 6: 477–480.
  45. Sues, H. D. (2019) The rise of reptiles: 320 million years of evolution. Baltimore (Johns Hopkins University Press): i–xiv + 1–385.
  46. Tudge, C. (2000) The variety of life. A survey and a celebration of all the creatures that have ever lived. Oxford (Oxford University Press): i–xvi + 1–684.
  47. Vitt, L. J. & Caldwell, J. P. (2014) Herpetology. An introductory biology of amphibians and reptiles. Fourth edition. London, Waltham, San Diego (Elsevier Inc.): i–xiv + 1–757. <>.
  48. Vogel, R A. (1758) Historiae materiae medicae ad novissima tempora producta in usum academicum. Lugduni Batavorum & Lipsiae (Eliam Luzac): i–vi +1–408 + i–xxxi. [].
  49. Wallach, V., Williams, K. L. & Boundy, J. (2014) Snakes of the world. A catalogue of living and extinct species. London & New York (CRC Press): i–xxvii, 1–1209. <>.
  50. Werner, F. (1914). Ergebnisse einer von Prof. F. Werner im Sommer 1910 mit Unterstützung aus dem Legate Wedl ausgeführten zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Algerien. II. Vertebrata. Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Akademie der Wissenschaften, 123 (1): 331‒361, 1 pl.