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Type: Review Article
Published: 2014-02-01
Page range: 1-27
Abstract views: 78
PDF downloaded: 51

Overview of the distribution and biogeography of Crabronidae in Turkey (Hymenoptera: Aculeata)

Ph. D. (Professor), Atatürk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, Erzurum, TURKEY
Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1, Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., Sofia 1000, BULGARIA
Institute of Biology and Soil Science , Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok-22, 690022, RUSSIA
Hymenoptera Crabronidae distribution biogeography Turkey


Faunistic and systematic studies on Crabronidae of Turkey are reviewed and the distribution and biogeography of the Turkish Crabronid wasp fauna is analyzed. In this study, 21 species and subspecies of 2 genera of Astatinae, 122 species and subspecies of 19 genera of Bembicinae, 72 species and subspecies of 3 genera of Philanthinae, 61 species and subspecies of 13 genera of Pempherdoninae, 2 species of 1 genus of Mellininae, 1 species of 1 genus of Dinetinae and 238 species and subspecies of 26 genera of Crabroninae are recorded. In total, 502 species and 15 subspecies belonging to 65 genera of Crabronidae are recorded from Turkey. Among them, 44 species and 6 subspecies comprising 9,7% of Turkish crabronids are endemic. Furthermore, the type localities of 69 species and 10 subspecies of Crabronidae are located in Turkey. Species composition, diversity and proportion of endemism varies considerably between the biogeographic subregions of the country.