Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-04-20

The Nearctic species Shipsa rotunda (Claassen, 1923) (Plecoptera: Nemouridae)

Western Kentucky University
Brigham Young University
Plecoptera Nemouridae Shipsa rotunda United States Canada stoneflies

Abstract

The morphological concept of Nearctic Shipsa rotunda (Claassen, 1923) (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) was reviewed based on examination of adult males and adult females from across the extensive range of this species. Reproductive terminalia were studied with scanning electron microscopy from five locations, three from Canada and two from the USA. Despite the wide distribution, there is little morphological variation exhibited by males and females. New records are noted for one Canadian province and six US states. Scanning electronic and standard light microscopy images plus a dot distribution map based on museum and valid literature data are provided.

 

Key words: Plecoptera, Nemouridae, Shipsa rotunda, United States, Canada, stoneflies

References

  1. Baumann R. W. 1975. Revision of the stonefly family Nemouridae (Plecoptera): a study of the world fauna at the generic level. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 211: 1–74.

    https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.211

    Barton D. R. 1980. Oberservations on the life histories and biology of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera in northeastern Alberta. Aquatic Insects 2: 97–111.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/01650428009361013

    Burton D. W. 1984. Distribution of Manitoba stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Manitoba 40: 39–51.

    Claassen P. W. 1923. New species of North American Plecoptera. Canadian Entomologist 55: 281–292.

    https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent55281-12

    Claassen P. W. 1940. A catalogue of the Plecoptera of the world. Cornell University Experimental Station Memoir 232: 1–235.

    DeWalt R. E., Maehr M. D., Hopkins H., Neu-Becker U. & Stueber G. 2020. Plecoptera Species File Online. Version 5.0/5.0. (Accessed 28 June 2020). Available from http://Plecoptera.SpeciesFile.org.

    Dosdall L. M. & Lemkuhl D. M. 1979. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Saskatchewan. Quaestiones Entomologicae 15: 3–116.

    Grubbs S. A. 2021. Shipsa rotunda Project. v1.0. Check List. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.pensoft.net/resource?r=shipsarotundaproject&v=1.0

    Grubbs S. A., Baumann R. W. & Burton D. K. 2018. Nearctic Nemoura trispinosa Claassen, 1923 and N. rickeri Jewett, 1971 are junior synonyms of Holarctic Nemoura species (Plecoptera: Nemouridae). Illiesia 14: 44–64.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00007833

    Harden P. H. & Mickel C. E. 1952. The stoneflies of Minnesota (Plecoptera). University of Minnesota Technical Bulletin 201: 1–84.

    Harper P. P. 1973. Life histories of Nemouridae and Leuctridae in southern Ontario (Plecoptera). Hydrobiologia 41: 309–356.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00016624

    Harper P. P. 1989. Zoogeographical relationships of aquatic insects (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera) from the eastern James Bay drainage. Canadian Field-Naturalist 103: 535−546.

    Harper P. P. 1990. Associations of aquatic insects (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera) in a network of subarctic lakes and streams in Quebec. Hydrobiologia 199: 43−64.

    Harper P. P. & Hynes H. B. N. 1971. The nymphs of the Nemouridae of eastern Canada (Insects: Plecoptera). Canadian Journal of Zoology 49: 1129−1142.

    https://doi.org/10.1139/z71-173

    Harper P. P. & Ricker W. E. 1994. Distribution of Ontario stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 125: 43−66.

    Harris M. A. & Webb D. W. 1994. The stonflies (Plecoptera) of Illinois revisited. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 67: 340−346.

    Harper P. P., Pilon J. G. & Perron J. M. 1975. Insectes aquatiques du nord du Québec (Ephéméroptères, Odonates, Plécoptères et Trichoptères). Annales de la Société entomologique du Québec 20: 33-43.

    Heimdal D. P., DeWalt R. E. & Wilton T. F. 2004. Annotated checklist of the stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Iowa. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 106: 761−778.

    Hitchcock S. W. 1974. Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part VII. The Plecoptera or stoneflies of Connecticut. State Geological Natural History Survey of Connecticut 107: 1−262.

    Illies J. 1966. Katalog der rezenten Plecoptera. Das Tierreich 82. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 631 pp.

    James A. M. 1972. The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Alabama. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, 169 pp.

    Lager T. M., Johnson M. D., Williams S. N. & McCulloch J. L. 1979. A preliminary report on the Plecoptera and Trichoptera of northeastern Minnesota. Great Lakes Entomologist 12: 109–114.

    Mingo T. M. 1983. An annotated checklist of the stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Maine. Entomological News 94: 65–72.

    Myers L. W., Kondratieff B. C., Mihuc T. B. & Ruiter D. E. 2011. The mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera), and caddisflies (Trichoptera) of the Adirondack Park (New York State). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 137: 63–140.

    https://doi.org/10.3157/061.137.0118

    Needham J. H. & Claassen P. W. 1925. A monograph of the Plecoptera or stoneflies of America north of Mexico. Thomas Say Foundation, Entomological Society of America 2: 1–397.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6826

    Nelson C. H. 2000. Pteronarcyidae (The Salmonflies), pp. 29–39. In: The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of eastern North America. Volume I. Pteronarcyidae, Peltoperlidae, and Taeniopterygidae. (B. P. Stark and B. J. Armitage, editors). Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey, New Series, Volume 14, Ohio Biological Society, Columbus, 99 pp.

    Nelson C. R. & Baumann R. W. 1989. Systematics and distribution of the winter stonefly genus Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae) in North America. Great Basin Naturalist 49: 289–363.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.22645

    Poulton B. P. & Stewart K. W. 1991. Stoneflies of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains (Plecoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 13: 1–116.

    Ricker W. E. 1944. Some Plecoptera from the far north. The Canadian Entomologist 76: 174–185.

    https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent76174-9

    Ricker W. E. 1948. Stoneflies of the maritime provinces and Newfoundland. Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute 26: 401–414.

    Ricker W. E. 1952. Systematic studies in Plecoptera. Indiana University Publications, Science Series 18: 1–200.

    Ricker W. E., Malouin R., Harper P. P., & Ross H. H. 1968. Distribution of Quebec stoneflies (Plecoptera). Naturaliste Canadien 95: 1085–1123.

    Shapas T. J. & W. L. Hilsenhoff. 1976. Feeding habits of Wisconsin’s predominant lotic Plecoptera, Ephemeroptera, and Trichoptera. Great Lakes Entomologist 9: 175–188.

    Smock L. A. & C. M. MacGregor. 1988. Impact of the American chestnut blight on aquatic shredding macroinvertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7: 212–221.

    https://doi.org/10.2307/1467421

    Stark B. P. 2017. Chapter 3 Plecoptera, pp. 161–247. In: Larvae of the southeastern USA mayfly, stonefly, and caddisfly species (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera). (J. C. Morse, W. P. McCafferty, B. P. Stark and L. M. Jacobus, editors). Biota of South Carolina, Volume 9, Clemson University Public Service Publishing, Clemson University, Clemson, 482 pp.

    Stark B. P. & Harrison A. B. 2010. The larva of Amphinemura alabama Baumann and new records of Nemouridae (Plecoptera) from Mississippi, U.S.A. Illiesia 6: 234–240.

    Stark B. P. & Hicks M. B. 2003. Confirmation of Prostoia completa and Shipsa rotunda (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) in Mississippi, U.S.A. Entomological News 114: 160–163.

    Stewart K. W. & Oswood M. W. 2006. The Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Alaska and Western Canada. The Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio, 325 pp.

    Stewart K. W. & Ricker W. E. 1997. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Yukon, pp. 201–222. In: Insects of the Yukon. (H. V. Danks and J. A. Downes, editors). Biological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 1020 pp.

    Stewart K. W. & Stark B. P. 1988. Nymphs of North American stonefly genera (Plecoptera). Entomological Society of America. Thomas Say Foundation, Entomological Society of America Monographs 12: 1–460.

    Stewart K.W. & Stark B.P. 2002. Nymphs of North American stonefly genera (Plecoptera). Second Edition, The Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio, 510 pp.

    Strayer D. L. & Smith L. C. 2000. Macroinvertebrates of a rocky shore in the freshwater tidal Hudson River. Estuaries 23: 359–366.

    https://doi.org/10.2307/1353328

    Teslenko N. A. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the genus Arcynopteryx Klapálek, 1904 (Plecoptera, Perlodidae). Zootaxa 3329: 1–18.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3329.1.1

    Zwick P. 1973. Insecta: Plecoptera. Phylogenetisches System und Katalog. Das Tierreich 94. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 465 pp.