Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2021-12-10
Page range: 36–43
Abstract views: 431
PDF downloaded: 5

Notes on the genus Xylota Meigen (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Pakistan

Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
National Insect Museum, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Department of Entomology, South China Agriculture University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Kohsar University Murree, 47150, Punjab, Pakistan
Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Azad Kashmir Eristalinae Saprophagous South Asia Xylotina


The genus Xylota Meigen is revised from Pakistan and a key to the known species is presented for the first time. Xylota coquilletti Hervé-Bazin, 1914, and X. nursei Brunetti, 1923 are newly recorded for Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Of these, the former species is a new record for Pakistan. Brief taxonomic notes with diagnostic characters, digital photographs of dorsal and lateral habitus and the distribution map of both these two species are presented.


  1. Arif M. J. 2001. Taxonomic studies of Syrphidae (Diptera) of Pakistan. [Ph.D. thesis]. Faisalabad: University of Agriculture Faisalabad; 154 pp.
  2. Brunetti E. 1923. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Diptera. Volume 3. Pipunculidae, Syrphidae, Conopidae, Oestridae. London: Taylor & Francis. xii + 424 pp.
  3. Cheng X. & Yang C.-K. 1993. New species and new records of Milesiinae (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Guizhou, China. Entomotaxonomia 15: 327–332. [in Chinese]
  4. Coquillett D. W. 1898. Report on a collection of Japanese Diptera, presented to the U.S. National Museum by the Imperial University of Tokyo. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 21: 301–340.
  5. Coquillett D. W. 1910. The type-species of the North American genera of Diptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 37: 499–647.
  6. Ghorpadé K. 2014. An updated check-list of the hover-flies (Diptera-Syrphidae) recorded in the Indian subcontinent. Colemania 44: 1–30.
  7. Ghorpadé K. 2015. Hover-flies (Diptera-Syrphidae) documented from the Northwest Frontierof the Indian Sub-continent: A circumstantial history and inclusive bibliography. Colemania 50: 1–151.
  8. Ghorpadé K. & Shehzad A. 2013. An annotated checklist and select bibliography of the hover flies (Diptera-Syrphidae) of Pakistan, Indian subcontinent. Colemania 37: 1–26.
  9. Hassan M. A., Ghorpadé K., Bodlah I., Mahmood K. & Iqbal Z. 2018a. Additional notes on the genus Paragus Latreille (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Pakistan with a new country record. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 28: 708–714.
  10. Hassan M. A., Ghorpadé K., Mahmood K., Shehzad A., Nazir N. & Fatima N. 2018b. Preliminary studies on the Syrphidae (Diptera) of Poonch district, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Oriental Insects 52: 190–209.
  11. Hassan M. A., Bodlah I., Bodlah M. A. & Hussain R. 2019. New records of the genus Ceriana Rafinesque, 1815 (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Pakistan. Munis Entomology and Zoology Journal 14: 185–187.
  12. Hassan M. A., Bodlah I., Shehzad A. & Fatima N. 2020a. New records of hoverflies of the genus Volucella Geoffroy (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Pakistan along with a checklist of known species. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12: 16632–16635.
  13. Hassan M. A., Bodlah I., Ahmad M., Kayani A. R. & Mahmood K. 2020b. First record of the genus Graptomyza Wiedemann, 1830 (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 30: 512–516.
  14. Hassan M. A., Bodlah I., Shehzad A., Fatima N. & Fazal S. 2021. First record of the genus Myolepta Newman, 1838 (Diptera: Syrphidae) for Pakistan, with description of a new species. Oriental Insects 55: 56–573.
  15. He J. & Chu X. 1992. Studies on three genera of Xylotini (sensu Hippa) from China. Journal of Shanghai Agricultural College 10: 1–12. [in Chinese]
  16. Hervé-Bazin J. 1914. Syrphides recueillis au Japon par M. Edme Gallois. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 83 : 398–416.
  17. Hippa H. 1968. Classification of the palaearctic species of the genera Xylota Meigen and Xylotomima Shannon (Dipt., Syrphidae). Annales Entomologicae Fennicae 34: 179–197.
  18. Hippa H. 1974. On the taxonomy of the Ceylonese and Southern Indian species of the genus Xylota Meigen (Dipt, Syrphidae). Annales Entomologicae Fennicae 40: 56–60.
  19. Hippa H. 1978. Classification of Xylotini (Diptera: Syrphidae). Acta Zoologica Fennica 156: 1–153.
  20. Hull F. M. 1944. Two species of Xylota from southern Asia (Diptera: Syrphidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 46: 45–47.
  21. Jeong S. H. & Han H. Y. 2019. A taxonomic revision of the genus Xylota Meigen (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Korea. Zootaxa 4661: 457–493.
  22. Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna trio naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus 1. Editio Decima, Reformata, Holmiae, 824 pp.
  23. Meigen J. W. 1800. Nouvelle classification des mouches a deux ailes (Diptera L.) d’apres un plan tout nouveau. Perronneau, Paris, 40 pp.
  24. Meigen J. W. 1803. Versuch Einer Neuen Gattung Einteilung der Europäischen Zweiflügeligen Insekten. Magazin fur Insektenkunde, Herausgegeben von Karl Illiger 2: 259–281.
  25. Meigen J. W. 1822. Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten Europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Dritter Theil. Schultz-Wundermann, Hamm, x + 416 pp., pls. 22–32.
  26. Mutin V. A. 1988a. New data on hover-flies of genera Xylota Mg. and Chalcosyrphus Curr. (Diptera, Syrphidae). In: Lehr, P.A. & Kanyukova, E.V. (Eds.), Taksonomiya nasekomykh Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka SSSR. DVNTS AN SSSR, Vladivostok, pp. 102–106. [in Russian, date of publication: 25 January 1988]
  27. Mutin V. A. & Barkalov A. V. 1997. A Review of the Hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, with Descriptions of Two New Species. Species Diversity 2: 179–230.
  28. Mutin V. & Gilbert F. 1999. Phylogeny of the genus Xylota Meigen, 1822 (Diptera, Syrphidae) with descriptions of new taxa. Dipteron 2: 45–68.
  29. Mutin V.A. & Ichige K. 2014. A new species of Xylota Meigen (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Far East. Zootaxa 3878: 196–200.
  30. Pape T. & Thompson F. C. (Eds.) 2013. Systema Dipterorum. Version [1.5]. Available from: (accessed 31 October 2016).
  31. Rotheray G. E. & Gilbert F. 2011. The natural history of hoverflies. Forrest text, Tresaith, Wales, 333 pp.
  32. Shehzad A., Ghorpadé K., Rafi M. A., Zia A., Bhatti A. R., Ilyas M. & Shah S. W. 2017. Faunistic study of Hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) of Pakistan. Oriental Insects 51: 197–220.
  33. Stackelberg A. A. 1952. Short review of the Palaearctic species of the genus Zelima Mg. (Diptera, Syrphidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 32: 316–357. [in Russian]
  34. Yang C. & Cheng X. 1998. Syrphidae. In: Xue, W. & Chao, C. (Eds.), Flies of China. Vol. 1. Liaoning Science & Technology Press, Shenyang, pp. 118–223.
  35. van Veen M. P. 2004. Hover flies of Northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. Utrecht: KNNV Publishing, 254 pp.
  36. van Veen M. P. 2010. Hoverflies of Northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. Utrecht: KNNV Publishing, 248 pp.
  37. Westwood J. O. 1840. Order XIII. Diptera Aristotle. (Antliata Fabricius. Halteriptera Clairv). In: Synopsis of the genera of British Insects. An Introduction to the Modern classification of Insects; founded on the natural habits and corresponding organization of the different families. Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans, London, 158 pp.