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Type: Article
Published: 2023-05-09
Page range: 48-72
Abstract views: 419
PDF downloaded: 8

Moss-inhabiting beetles of the West Indies (Insecta: Coleoptera)

ystematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA, ARS, c/o Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A.
CRETUS, Department of Zoology, Genetics and Physical Anthropology, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Research Division, Canadian Museum of Nature, PO Box 3443, Station D, Ottawa, ON. K1P 6P4, Canada.
LSU AgCenter, Louisiana State Arthropod Museum, Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA USA 70803.
Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern NO-0318 Oslo, Norway.
Montana Entomology Collection, 1911 West Lincoln St., Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, U.S.A.
LSU AgCenter, Louisiana State Arthropod Museum, Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA USA 70803.
Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA, ARS, c/o Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A.
Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, California Department of Food & Agriculture 3294 Meadowview Road, Sacramento, CA 95832-1448, U.S.A.
Beetles biological diversity bryophytes, bryobionts fungivory beetle flightlessness beetle blindness island fauna Neotropics Greater Antilles Dominican Republic Jamaica Puerto Rico

Abstract

This study is the first attempt to assess the diversity of beetles (Coleoptera) in terrestrial moss cushions on three West Indian islands (Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico) based on 10 years of moss sampling in 18 localities. In total 1711 adult beetles were collected. They belong to 234 species from 30 families. The most species and specimen rich families are Staphylinidae (86 morphospecies and 1195 specimens), Curculionidae (61 morphospecies and 131 specimens), and Chrysomelidae (16 morphospecies and 185 specimens). In addition to basic bryobionts feeding on moss tissues, moss cushions host a diverse fauna of mycophagous and saprophagous Coleoptera together with predaceous species of beetles. Our results suggest that community composition in moss inhabiting beetles is determined both by geographical isolation processes and, to a lesser degree, by environmental variation across altitudinal gradients. This confirms that the greater relevance of geographical isolation is a common pattern in organisms with limited dispersal ability. Beetle abundance was not significantly related to either the volume of moss or the substrate. Despite being not significant (but close to), the observed trend was to higher beetle abundance in moss cushions collected on trees than in those collected on soil/rock. This may be resulting from the greater diversity of fungi and higher number of beetle fungivores associated with tree growing moss communities.

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