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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The main text should be formatted as 21 cm x 29.7 cm (8.27 inches x 11.69 inches), with 1.5 line spacing, in 12 pt., Times New Roman font.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Types of new taxa are correctly designated and institutional depository for primary types of new species are mentioned.
  • Plates and figure captions are correctly numbered and referred in the text.
  • All references listed in text are given in the Literature Cited.

Author Guidelines

Contents Should be in the following sequence:

 Main Text

The main text including references, figure and table legends should be 1.5 spaced, in Times New Roman 12-point font, with 1.25 cm indent at the beginning of each paragraph.

 Title page with title, author(s), and author(s) byline(s).

The title should be left-justified in bold and include at least order and family placement (e.g., (Hemiptera: Miridae). Genus‐ and species‐group names in the title must be italicized.

Author(s) names should follow the title and be left-justified and in capital letters:  Surname, First Name, and Initials (e.g., Dellapé, Pablo M.).

The author(s) byline(s) should follow the title and be left-justified, first line indented, and in regular case. The byline to each author should be linked to the name by a superscript number, and the first author will be considered the corresponding author, unless a different author is indicated with an asterisk (* symbol) and footnote. The institutional affiliation/postal address, e‐mail address, and each author’s ORCID Identification number should be given. Author ZooBank links may be given but are optional.

1. Abstract. All new taxon names and new nomenclatural actions in Bold.

2. Key words. Key words should not include words in the title.

3. Text of manuscript; acknowledgments at end.

4. Literature cited (see formatting instructions below).

5. Figure captions (see formatting instructions below).

6. Appendix; Supplementary Files (if any).


  1. Copies of tables can be provided as separate spreadsheets or as embedded tables at the end of the text. Submit separate spreadsheets as .xls or.xlsx.
  2. Captions for tables should be placed at the end of Figure captions.

All manuscripts (including Notes) should include in BOLD an Introduction (however, in notes this section is omitted), Materials and Methods, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited. A Results and Discussion sections are encouraged but are optional depending on paper format. These primary headings should be left-justified and in boldface on a separate line. A combined results and discussion section may be used rather than separate results and discussion sections.

Secondary headings (e.g., taxon names and headings for keys) should be left-justified and in boldface. Taxon names and authors in keys should be in bold.

Tertiary headings (e.g., Diagnosis., Description., Hosts., etc. in descriptions) should be indented at the beginning of a paragraph, in bold, and followed by a period.

Quaternary headings (e.g., Male:, Head:, Labium:, Antenna:, etc., within descriptions) should be in italics, followed by a colon. The first word following these headings should be capitalized.

In taxonomic treatment sections, multiple works should be separated by a semicolon, or commas when there is a sequence with the same author (e.g., Aus bus Jones 1952: 111, 1955: 200; Smith 1990: 80).

All paragraphs should be indented.

Figures should be referenced in text as “Fig. 1”; “Figs. 2, 3”; “Figs. 2–5”; and “Figs. 2–4, 6,

9)”. Tables should be referenced as Table 1, Table 2, etc.

Boldface should be used for nomenclatural actions and new taxa appearing in the abstract and as headings in the main text. Nomenclatural actions should be spelled out completely in the English versions instead of the Latin version (i.e., new species not species nova).

The JIHS does not enforce a strict format for descriptions or specimens examined lists. However, keep these data uniform throughout the manuscript except when quoting sources directly (e.g., verbatim label data for primary types) and be as explicit as possible in your Materials and Methods section in describing specific formats.

When referencing the sex of specimens in a “Material examined” (or Type material and Other specimens examined for new taxa) section, use Times New Roman font for gender symbols.

Please, include unique identifiers from the depositing collection for all specimens covered in

your work, particularly primary types.

An en dash must be used to link spans such as size ranges, dates, page numbers, and name associations (e.g., 1990–1999, Figs. 1–10).

Units of measure should conform to common scientific notation with a space between the value and the unit of measure. Use a leading zero for decimal-point values. Do not use commas as placeholders in larger numbers:

24°C not 24 C

0.20 mm not .20mm

1600 km not 1,600 km

Names of organisms. The first mention of a plant or animal should include the unabbreviated scientific name along with the authority(ies). Authorities should be spelled out in full for animal names but may be abbreviated for plant names. In the case of animals, the authority AND year for a taxonomic name should be provided, and the reference in which that taxon was described should be included in the literature cited section. Generic names may be abbreviated after first use, but must always be spelled out at the beginning of a sentence. If two or more genera being discussed have the same first letter, abbreviations should be formatted to clearly differentiate the abbreviated names.

Taxonomic papers. Taxonomic papers should conform to requirements of the latest International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Types must be designated for new species-group and genus-group names and type depositories should be indicated. New taxa should be clearly differentiated from existing taxa by means of keys and/or differential diagnoses. An etymology section should provide the derivation of name(s), and the gender should be stated for all new genus‐group names. In short, papers should conform to good taxonomic practices.

When listing specimens data, the names of the countries should be in capital letters and in bold and the states or provinces in lower case and in bold.

Illustrations. Authors should plan illustrations for dimensions of the printed page and allow room for legends at the bottom. When preparing illustrations, authors should bear in mind that the journal has a print size of 17 cm by 25 cm, using A4 paper. 

Final raster-based illustrations must be composed with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and submitted in a common, non-compressed format (e.g., .tif or .png). Do not use compressed formats (e.g., .jpg) for final illustration files.

Final vector-based illustrations can be submitted as .svg, .pdf, or .eps files if not combined in a plate with raster-based illustrations. Please, use vector-based file formats for text and line-art, and embed all fonts.

All text labeling of illustrations should match the font used in the final, printed copy of the article, which is a “Times New Roman” family, serif font. Microsoft’s Times New Roman is a good option. The open FreeSerif font (GNU FreeFont) is a close match.

Figures should be numbered with only integers (e.g., 1, 2, 3). DO NOT USE decimals (not 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, etc.) or letter sub-labels (not 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, etc.). Order figures singularly or in plates in a sequence that composes a cohesive synthesis of the text, data, and illustrations. For articles with experimental methodology this might be the order in which the figures appear in the text, but for descriptive taxonomy it may be based on composing plates of similar features, similar taxa, or other comparative parameters.

Figure numbers should be visible and legible, and should be placed at the lower left corner of each figure.

Citations in text. References in text should be formatted as follows: (Henry 2019), (Henry 2019, 2021), (Smith 2008a, 2008b; Henry and Wheeler 2015), and (Gagne et al. 1999). Citations “in press” should be cited as “in press,” not the expected year of publication, and are limited to unpublished works accepted for publication. Names of persons providing unpublished information should include initials and be referenced in the text as M. Smith (pers. comm.) [information obtained orally] and M. Smith (in litt.) [information obtained in writing]. Authors may reference their own unpublished data in the text as M. Smith (unpubl.).

Literature cited. List all authors cited in the Literature Cited. For multi-authored papers, give all author names. All journal titles should be spelled out completely. Ensure that the references are complete and arranged according to name and year of publication. Papers must follow those of single authors, in alphabetical order according to second, third, etc. author. In case there is more than one paper by the same author or group of authors, they must be listed in chronological order. If they were also of published in the same year, lower-case letters of the alphabet must be used to differentiate them. If more than one paper by the same author or group of authors were cited, his/her/their name/s must be fully transcribed in all occasions. Personal communications and submitted manuscripts should be listed as unpublished results in the text and not listed in the Literature Cited section.

- Citations should be formatted with hanging indents

- Include a space between author initials (i.e., J. C. not J.C.).

- Include both page ranges for a section and total pages for an entire work. Include plates and         frontispiece pages as fitting. (see book citation below).

- Italicize “In” when citing subsections of larger works.

- Remove space between volume and parenthetical issue (i.e., 110(4) not 110 (4)).

- End each cited reference with a period.

It is desirable to add a DOI (digital object identifier) number for either the full-text or title and abstract of the article as an addition to traditional volume and page numbers. If a DOI is lacking, it is recommended to add a link to any online source of an article.

Examples of Literature Cited


Carpintero, D. and P. M. Dellapé. 2005. A new species and first record of Embiophila (Heteroptera:     Plokiophilidae) from Nicaragua. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 40: 65–68.

Henry, T. J. 1984. Review of the spider-commensal plant bug genus Ranzovius Distant (Heteroptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 82: 178–194.

Eger, J. E., Jr. 2012. The genus Sphyrocoris Mayr (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae: Pachycorinae). Great    Lakes Entomologist 45: 235–250.

Henry, T. J. 1997. Monograph of the stilt bugs, or Berytidae (Heteroptera), of the Western  Hemisphere. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 19: 1–149.

Hemp, C. and K. Dettner. 2000. Attraction of Miridae and Lygaeidae (Heteroptera) to cantharidin. Ecotropica 6(1): 99–102.

Nishi, A., T. Imamura, A. Miyanoshita, S. Morimoto, K. Takahashi, P. Visarathanonth, R. Kengkanpanich, M. E. H. Shazali, and K. Sato. 2004. Predatory abilities of Amphibolus venator (Klug) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), a predator of stored-product insect pests. Applied Entomology and Zoology 39(2): 321326.

Pereira, A. I. A., J. C. Zanuncio, H. R. Gil-Santana, F. S. Ramalho, G. L. D. Leite, and J. E. Serrão. 2009. Harpactor angulosus (Reduviidae: Harpactorinae), a predator of Neotropical saturniids, Hylesia spp. in Brazil. Entomological News 120(2): 206–212. https://

Rengifo‐Correa, L. A., H. Brailovsky, T. J. Henry, and J. J. Morrone. 2013. Phylogenetics and evolutionary morphology of the Neotropical true bug genus Epipolops (Hemiptera:  Heteroptera: Geocoridae). Systematic Entomology 39: 127–140. syen.12039.


Schuh, R. T. and C. Weirauch. 2020. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Classification and Natural History. Second Edition. Siri Scientific Press, Monograph Series, Manchester, UK. Volume 8. 767 pp. + 32 plates.

Wheeler, A. G., Jr. 2001. Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae). Pests, Predators, Opportunists. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London. 507 pp.

Book chapters

Henry, T. J. 2017. Biodiversity of Heteroptera, pp. 279–335. In Foottit, R. G. and P. H. Adler, eds. Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society. Volume I, second edition. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 867 pp.

Dolling, W. R. 2006. Family Coreidae, pp. 43–101. In Aukema, G. and C. Rieger, eds. Catalog of the Palaearctic Region. Volume 5. Pentatomomorpha II. The Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam. 550 pp.

Fernandes, J. A. M., P. Levin Mitchell, L. Livermore, and M. Nikunlassi. 2015. Chapter 19. Leaf-footed bugs (Coreidae), pp. 549–605. In Panizzi, A. R. and J. Grazia, eds. True Bugs (Heteroptera) of the Neotropics. Springer Science + Business Media Dordrechet. 902 pp.

Web pages.

Janzen, D. H. and W. Hallwachs. 2019. Dynamic database for an inventory of the macrocaterpillar fauna, and its food plants and parasitoids of Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG), northwestern Costa Rica (yy-SRNP-nnnnn voucher codes) ( [last accessed 16 August 2019].

CoreoideaSF Team. 2023. Coreoidea Species File Online. Version 5.0/5.0. http://Coreoidea. [last accessed January 30, 2023].

USDA, NRCS. 2021. The PLANTS Database (, 01/30/2021). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC USA [last accessed January 30, 2021].

WFO. 2023. World Flora Online. Published on the Internet; [last accessed January 30, 2023].


Lattin, J. D. 1964. The Scutellerinae of America north of Mexico (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 350 pp.

Figure captions. Please enter the captions on a separate page at the end of the manuscript and list them in the correct order. Each figure captions should begin with ‘Figure’ or ‘Figures’ in bold and should be indented. Short title of figure (maximum 20 words) and detailed legend (if present, up to 400 words) should be listed consecutively.

Figures are referred to in the captions using Arabic numerals, followed by a period. (both in bold type). Thereafter use capital letters and separate the captions with a period. If abbreviations are used, these are placed at the end, in bold type and are listed in alphabetical order, separated with a comma. Please use an em-dash between abbreviation and explanation.


FIGURES 8–17. Habitus images of Cyrtocapsus spp. 8, 9, Cyrtocapsus apicalis, holotype male. 8, Dorsal aspect. 9, Lateral aspect. 10–12, C. atrametatibialis. 10, Male, dorsal aspect. 11, Male, lateral aspect. 12, Female, dorsal aspect. 13, 14, C. caligineus. Male. 13, Dorsal aspect. 14, Female, dorsal aspect. 15, 16, C. columbiensis. 15, Male, dorsal aspect. 16, Female, dorsal aspect. 17, C. costatus, holotype male, dorsal aspect. Abbreviations: an— antennae, hm— hemelytra, sc— scutellum.

Notes. Notes are abbreviated forms of regular articles (four printed pages or less). Notes do not contain an abstract or key words, and the introduction does not have a heading.

Supplementary Files. Authors are allowed to provide datasets, tables, video files, or other information as supplementary information.

All supplementary files should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article, e.g. 'See supplementary file 1: Distributional data" for the original data used to perform this analysis.

The Supplementary Files will not be displayed in the printed version of the article but will exist as linkable supplementary downloadable files in the online version. The maximum file size for each Supplementary File is xx MB. Ideally, the supplementary files should be viewable using free or widely available tools.

Zoobank Registration. In order to meet the requirements of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (Article 8.5.3), all manuscripts are registered in the Official Register of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) when author proofs are carried out. We encourage authors of manuscripts where new names are established to register themselves the work and all the new names that it contains in ZooBank; authors should obtain LSID numbers and add them to the manuscript once it is accepted for publication.

Copy-editing. Mapress offers a proofreading and editing service that corrects for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors, and improves flow, clarity, and readability in a natural English tone. Your paper will also be checked for in-text citations consistent with the reference list. Whether you are a native English speaker or not, an alternate pair of eyes always helps!
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