Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
Published: 2011-09-05

Nereididae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from intertidal habitats in the Gulf of Oman, Iran

School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Khoramshahr Marine Science & Technology University, Khoramshahr, Iran
Museum & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin, NT 0801, Australia
Annelida polychaete nereidid Iranian Gulf Persian Gulf Arabian Sea taxonomy

Abstract

The species composition and distribution patterns of Nereididae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the north coast of Gulf of Oman were investigated. Specimens were collected from ten intertidal sites along the Iranian coast, including mangrove, muddy, boulder and rocky, coral and sandy-rocky shore habitats. Eight species of Nereididae were identified: Leonnates decipiens Fauvel, Nereis coutieri Gravier, Neanthes deplanata Mohammad, Perinereis nuntia (Savigny), Perinereis heterodonta Gravier, Perinereis cultrifera (Grube), Perinereis horsti Gravier and Pseudonereis trimaculata Horst. The eight species are redescribed and two Perinereis species, P. heterodonta and P. horsti, currently junior synonyms of P. nuntia and P. vancaurica (Ehlers) respectively, are raised from synonymy. All reported species are new records for the Gulf of Oman, bringing the known total number of species in the family to twelve; P. trimaculata is also a new record for the Arabian Sea–Arabian Gulf region. Nereidid diversity within the region is comparable to other Indo-Pacific coastal regions, and higher than other parts of the world.

References

  1. Ashworth, J.H. (1912) Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum (Natural History). A. Polychaeta: Part. 1. — Arenicolidae. London, Trustees of the British Museum, 175 pp.

    Aziz, N.D. (1938) Fauna of Karachi. 2. Polychaetes of Karachi. Memoirs of the Department of Zoology, Punjab University, 1, 18–52.

    Bakken, T. (2007) Revision of Pseudonereis (Polychaeta, Nereididae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150, 145–176.

    Ben-Eliahu, M.N. (1972) Polychaeta Errantia of the Suez Canal. Israel Joumal of Zoology, 2l, 189–237.

    Day, J.H. (1962) Polychaeta from several localities in the western Indian Ocean. Proceeding of the Zoological Society of London, 139, 627–656.

    Day, J.H. (1967) A Monograph of the Polycheta of southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. London, British Museum (Natural History) Publications, No. 656, xxix + 485pp.

    Fauchald, K. (1977) The Polychaete Worms. Definitions keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28, l–190.

    Fauchald, K. & Rouse, G. (1997) Polychaete systematics: Past and present. Zoologica Scripta, 26 (2), 71–138.

    Fauvel, P. (1911) Annélides polychètes du golfe Persique recueillies par M.N. Bogoyawlensky. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, Série, 56, 353–439.

    Fauvel, P. (1918) Annélides polychètes des côtes d'Arabie récoltées par M. Ch. Pérez. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 24(5), 329–344.

    Fauvel, P. (1919) Annélides polychètes de Madagascar, de Djibouti et du Golfe Persique. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 58, 315–473.

    Fauvel, P. (1929) Polychètes nouvelles du Golfe de Manaar (Inde). Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France, 54, 180–186.

    Fauvel, P. (1932) Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, 12(1), 1–262.

    Fauvel, P. (1953) Annelida Polychaeta. In: Seymour Sewell, R.B. (Ed.). The Fauna of India, including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya. Allahabad, The Indian Press Ltd, 507 pp.

    Glasby, C.J. & Hsieh, H.-L. (2006) New species and new records of the Perinereis nuntia species Group (Nereididae: polychaeta) from Taiwan and other Indo-West Pacific. Zoological Studies, 45(4), 553–577.

    Gravier, C. (1899a) Contribution à l’étude des annélides polychètes de la Mer Rouge. Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, 5(5), 234–244.

    Gravier, C. (1899b) Contribution à l’étude des annélides polychètes de la Mer Rouge. Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, 5(6), 288–298.

    Grube, A.E. (1840) Actinien, Echinodermen und Wurmen des Adriatischen und Mittelmeers nach eigenen sammlungen beschrieben. J.H. Königsberg, Bon, pp. 1–92.

    Hartman, O. (1974a) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-’64 and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India, 16(1), 191–252.

    Hartman, O. (1974b) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964 and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India, 16(2), 609–644.

    Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1979) Teil 2. Die Polychaeten der tropischen Nordwestküste Australiens (zwischen Derby im Norden und Port Hedland im Süden). In: G. Hartmann-Schröder and G. Hartmann, Zur Kenntnis des Eulitorals der australischen Küsten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 76, 75–218.

    Horst, R. (1924) Polychaeta errantia of the Siboga-Expedition. Part III. Nereidae and Hesionidae. Siboga-Expedition Leyden, 99 (Monograph 24), 145–198.

    Hutchings, P.A. & Reid, A. (1991) The Nereididae (Polychaeta) from Australia - Leonnates, Platynereis and Solomonereis. Records of the Australian Museum, 43, 47–62.

    Hutchings, P.A., Reid, A. & Wilson, R.S. (1991) Perinereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae) from Australia, with redescriptions of six additional species. Records of the Australian Museum, 43, 241–274.

    Hutchings, P.A., Wilson, R.S., Glasby, C.J., Paxton, H. & Watson Russell, C. (2000) Appendix 1. In: Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B. & Glasby, C.J. (Eds) Polychaetes and Allies: the Southern Synthesis. Melbourne, CSIRO Publishing, pp. 242–243.

    León-Gonzalez J., A. de & Solís-Weiss, V. (2000) A review of the polychaete family Nereididae from western Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 67, 549–569.

    Mohammad, M.-B.M. (1970) Description of two new species of Nereidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). Zoological Joumal of the Linnean Society, 49, 183–186.

    Mohammad, M.-B.M. (1971) Intertidal polychaetes from Kuwait, Arabian Gulf, with descriptions of three new species. Zoological Joumal of the Linnean Society, 163, 285–303.

    Mohammad, M.-B.M. (1973) New species and records of polychaete annelids from Kuwait, Arabian Gulf. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 52, 23–44.

    Mohammad, M.-B.M. (1980) Polychaete annelids from Kuwaitian islands, Arabian Gulf, with descriptions of four new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 69, 31–42.

    Monro, C.C.A. (1937) Polychaeta. The John Murray Expedition Scientific reports, 4(8), 243–321.

    Núňez, J. (2004) Familia Nereididae In: Annelida, Polychaeta I. Viéitez, J. M., Alós, C., Parapar, J., Bestereiro, C., Moriera, J, Núňez, J., Laborda, J y San Martín, G., Fauna Ibérica vol. 25. Ramos, M.A. et al. (Eds). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC Madrid, 293–390.

    O’Dannel, M.A. (1981) The Nereididae of the Arabian Gulf. TSI 57- 129 ‘Biostandards identification sheets’. Illustrated keys to the flora and fauna of the Arabian Gulf. Prepared for Arabian American Oil Company Dharan, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabian Tetra Tech Ltd, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia [Unpublished report], 67pp.

    Pleijel, F. (2000) Chapter 20. Nereididae In: G.W. Rouse & F. Pleijel (2001). Polychaetes. New York, Oxford University Press Inc., pp. 96–99.

    Qiu, J.W. & Qian, P.Y. (2000) Revision of the genus Leonnates Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta: Nereididae), with descriptions and comments on other species described in Leonnates. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113 (4), 1111–1146.

    Santos, C.S.G. & Cunha Lana, P. da (2000) Nereididae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from northeastern Brazil. I. Regional and zoogeographical distribution patterns. Iheringia Série Zoologia, 88, 181–188.

    Savigny, J.C. (1818) Annelids. In J. B. d. Lamarck Histoire Naturelle des animaux sans vertebres, presentant les caracteres generaux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, etla citation des principales especes qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. Paris, Deterville, 5, 274–374.

    Savigny, J.-C. (1822) Systéme des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les charactéres tant distinctifs que natureles des ordres, familles et genres, avec la description des especes. Histoire Naturelle, Paris 1(3), 325–472 (separate pagination, 1–128).

    Shakoori, A. (1997) Polychaeta fauna of Mahshahr estuaries. MSc thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, 150 pp.

    Valavi, H. (1997) Ecological investigation and species identification Polychaeta of intertidal zone of Booshehr province. MSc thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, 150 pp.

    Wehe, T. & Fiege, D. (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychate species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Penisula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf. Fauna of Arabia, 19, 7–238.

    Wesenberg- Lund, E. (1949) Polychaetes of the Iranian Gulf. In: Jessen, K. & Sparck, R. (Eds), Danish scientific investigations in Iran, Part IV. Copenhagen, Ejnar Munksgaard, pp. 247–400.

    Wilson, R.S. (2000) Family Nereididae In: Beesley, P L., Ross, G.J.B. & Glasby, C.J. (2000). Polychaetes & Allies: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia: Volume 4A. Polychaeta, Myzostomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula. Melbourne, CSIRO, pp. 138–141.

    Wilson, R.S. & Glasby, C.J. (1993) A revision of the Perinereis nuntia species group (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Records of the Australian Museum, 45(3), 253– 277.

    Wu, B., Sun, R. & Yang, D.J. (1985) The Nereidae (Polychaetous Annelids) of the Chinese coast. Beijing, China Ocean Press, pp. vi+234 pp