Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Articles
Published: 2011-09-20
Page range: 47–68
Abstract views: 129
PDF downloaded: 3

Addenda and corrigenda to the "Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)"

Departamento de Invertebrados, Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20.940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid Spain
Arachnida nomenclature Neotropics homonymy synonymy revalidation grammatical inflection

Abstract

Amendments are made to inconsistencies, mistakes and omissions in the catalogue of American Laniatores by Kury (2003). Discrepancies between dates given in Kury (2003) and Neave’s Nomenclator and the Zoological Record are discussed. Accurate issue dates for relevant publications are used to define priorities. Etymologies are surveyed for generic names, establishing their grammatical gender, so specific names are inflected according to the provisions of the Code. Unavailable generic names are: Messa Sørensen, 1932, Zarax Sørensen, 1932, Prasia Sørensen, 1932, Angistrisoma Roewer, 1932, Angistrisoma Mello-Leitão, 1935, Bunoweyhia Mello-Leitão, 1935, Batomites Mello-Leitão, 1931, Euminua Sørensen, 1932, Minua Sørensen, 1932, Ilhastygnus Roewer, 1943, Fonteboatus Roewer, 1931, Malea Sørensen, 1932, Chersobleptes Sørensen, 1932 and Jimeneziella Avram, 1970. Hernandria Banks, 1909 is unavailable and must be placed as an “incorrect subsequent spelling” of Hernandaria Sørensen, 1884. The valid genus name is Parahernandria Goodnight & Goodnight, 1947 (stat. res.). Zaraxolia Strand, 1942 (stat. res.) is revalidated from the synonymy of Neocynorta Roewer, 1915 with Zarax devians Sørensen, 1932 as type species. Friburgoia Mello-Leitão, 1932 [December] is deemed a junior subjective synonym of Schenkelibunus Strand, 1932 [September] (stat. res.) (inverted precedence between synonyms). Liops Mello-Leitão, 1940 (non Fieber, 1870, nec Gidley, 1906) is a junior homonym and is replaced by its first available synonym, Corcovadesia Soares & Soares, 1954 (stat. res.). The following unavailable generic names are formally described as new: (1) Jimeneziella Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, gen. nov. (type species: Jimeneziella decui Avram, 1973); (2) Euminua Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, gen. nov. (type species: Euminua brevitarsa Sørensen, 1932). The following homonym generic names are replaced: (1) Cranellus Roewer 1932, with Narcellus Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov., (2) Metapachylus Pickard-Cambridge, 1905, with Pyropharynx Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov.; (3) Ovalia González-Sponga, 1987, with Oo Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov.; (4) Tiara González-Sponga, 1987 with Mitraia Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov.; (5) Limonia González-Sponga, 1998, with Manuelangelia Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov. Gonyleptes melloleitaoi Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga, nom. nov. is a replacement name for Gonyleptes curvicornis Mello-Leitão, 1932. Discocyrtus confusus Kury, 2003 is unavailable, so this species is here re-described as Discocyrtus confusus Kury n. sp. New combinations are: Parahernandria spinosa (Banks, 1909) (from Hernandaria), Schenkelibunus impar (Mello-Leitão, 1932) (from Friburgoia), Schenkelibunus perditus (Mello-Leitão, 1927) (from Friburgoia), Narcellus balthazar (Roewer, 1932) (from Cranellus), Narcellus montgomeryi (Goodnight & Goodnight, 1947) (from Cranellus), Pyropharynx gracilis (Pickard-Cambridge, 1905) (from Metapachylus), Oo spinosum (GonzálezSponga, 1999) (from Ovalia), Mitraia unispina (González-Sponga, 1987) (from Tiara), Manuelangelia tuberosa (González-Sponga, 1998) (from Limonia), Zaraxolia devians (Sørensen, 1932) (from Zarax), Corcovadesia hexabunus (Mello-Leitão, 1940) (from Liops) and Corcovadesia venefica (H. Soares, 1966) (from Liops). The following genera of Pachylinae, which appeared in conflicting subfamilies in Kury 2003, are formally transferred to the Ampycinae: Ampycella Roewer, 1929, Glysterus Roewer, 1931, Hernandarioides Pickard-Cambridge, 1905, Parahernandria Goodnight & Goodnight, 1947 and Hutamaia Soares & Soares, 1977. A list of taxa described in 2003 is interpolated. A complementary list of the 2004–2009 systematic literature on the subject is given.

References

  1. Agassiz, L. (1846) Nomenclatoris zoologici index universalis continens nomina systematica classium, ordinum, familiarum et generum animalium omnium, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum unicum disposita, adjectis homonymiis plantarum, nec non variis adnotationibus et emmendationibus. Jent et Gassmann, Soloduri [= Solothurn, Switzerland], viii + 393 p.

    Avram, Ş. (1970) Nuevos opiliónidos de la familia Phalangodidae en Cuba, Serie Espeleologica y Carsologica. Simposium XXX Aniversario de la Sociedad Espeleologica de Cuba, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Instituto de Biología, La Habana, 18, 3–13.

    Avram, Ş. (1973) Recherches sur les Opilionides de Cuba. I. Phalangodidae: description de Jimeneziella n.g., de J. decui n.sp. et de J. negreai n.sp. In: Orghidan, T. et al. (Eds.), Résultats des expédititions biospéologiques cubano-roumaines à Cuba, Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România, Bucuresti, 1, 243–249.

    Avram, Ş. (1983) Gonileptidae [sic] nouveaux du Vénézuéla et du Pérou (Opiliones, Gonyleptomorphi). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleologia, 20, 11–18. [Issue date unknown, nominal date is April 1983].

    Avram, Ş. & Soares, H.E.M. (1983) Opilionides du Pérou et d'Argentine. In: Orghidan, T. et al. (Eds.), Résultats des expéditions biospéologiques cubano-roumaines a Cuba, 4, 47–64. [Issue date is only 1983, therefore deemed to be as of 31 December 1983].

    Bagnall, B.S. (1913) On the Classification of the Order Symphyla. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 32(216), 195–231.

    Banks, N. (1902) A new phalangid from the Black Mountains, N.C. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 10(3), 142.

    Banks, N. (1909) Arachnida from Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 61(2), 194–234, plates V, VI.

    Banks, N. (1914) Notes on Some Costa Rican Arachnida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 65, 676–687, plates 28–30.

    Bates, H.W. (1889) Coleoptera: Lamellicornia. In: Godman, F.D. & Salvin, O. (Eds.), Biologia centrali-Americana (Supplement). Insecta. Coleoptera. Pectinicornia and Lamellicornia. Volume II , Part 2 (1886-1890), xii + 432 pp. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 337–416.

    Canestrini, G. (1894) Prospetto dell' Acarofauna Italiana. Parte VI. Famiglia dei Psoroptidi (Psoroptidae). Appendice ai Fitoptidi italiani. Varia: Psorergates, Hemisarcoptes, Histiogaster, Psoroptes ovis, Otodectes furonis. Gli Epidermoptini. Stabilimento Prosperini, Padova.

    Carvalho, J.C.M. (1985) Mirídeos Neotropicais, 247: descrições de um gênero e trinta e quatro espécies novas de tribo Bryocorini Douglas & Scott (Hemiptera). Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 44 (3)[“1984”]: 267–294.

    Chevrolat, L.A.A. (1881) Description de Curculionides de Zanguebar. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 25, 85–93.

    Crawford, R.L. (1992) Catalogue of the genera and type species of the harvestman superfamily Phalangioidea (Arachnida). Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History, 8, 1–60.

    Crosby, C.R. & Bishop, S.C. (1924) Notes on the Opiliones of the southeastern United States with descriptions of new species. Journal Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 40(1/2), 8–26, pls. 1–3.

    Fieber, F.X. (1870) Dodecas neuer Gattungen und neuer Arten europaischer Hemiptera. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 20, 243-264.

    Firmo, C.L. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2002) A new species of Pseudotrogulus Roewer and assignment of the genus to the Hernandariinae (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). The Journal of Arachnology, 30(1), 173–176.

    Fischer de Waldheim, G. (1817) Adversaria Zoologica. Mémoires de la Societé Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 5, 357–471.

    Fruhstorfer, H. (1914) Die Indo-Australischen Tagfalter. In: Seitz, Adalbert (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde: eine systematische Bearbeitung der bis jetzt bekannten Gross-Schmetterlinge. Volume 9. Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart, pp. 767-798.

    Gidley, J.W. (1906) A new ruminant from the Pleistocene of New Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 30(1447), 165–167.

    González-Sponga, M.A. (1981) Tres nuevas especies del genero Vima del sistema montañoso de la costa en Venezuela (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores). Acta Macarao; Nueva Serie, Instituto Universitário Pedagógico de Caracas, 2, 33–50.

    González-Sponga, M.A. (1987) Aracnidos de Venezuela. Opiliones Laniatores I. Familias Phalangodidae y Agoristenidae. Academia de Ciencias Fisicas, Matematicas y Naturales, Caracas, 562 pp.

    González-Sponga, M.A. (1992) Aracnidos de Venezuela. Opiliones Laniatores II. Familia Cosmetidae. Acad. Cienc. Fisicas, Matematicas y Naturales, Caracas, 432 pp.

    González-Sponga, M.A. (1998) Arácnidos de Venezuela. Dos nuevos géneros y cuatro nuevas especies de Opiliones Laniatores del Tepui Guaiquinima y del Parque Nacional Canaima (Phalangodidae: Cosmetidae). Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle, 57(148) [“1997”], 3–16. [Issue date is October 1998 contra nominal date “July/December 1997”, repeated in KC].

    González-Sponga, M.A. (2000) Arácnidos de Venezuela: un nuevo género y seis nuevas especies de la familia Phalangodidae (Opiliones Laniatores). Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle, 58(150) [“1998”], 87–108. [Issue date is June 2000 contra nominal date “July/December 1998”, repeated in KC].

    González-Sponga, M.A. (2003a) Arácnidos de Venezuela. Opiliones del género Santinezia (Laniatores, Cranaidae). Acta Biologica Venezuelica, 21(4), 1–69. [Issue date is February 2003, contra nominal date “December 2001”].

    González-Sponga, M.A. (2003b) Arácnidos de Venezuela. Un nuevo género y cinco nuevas especies de la familia Cosmetidae (Opiliones, Laniatores). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, 46(152), 71–96. [Issue date is 2003, contra nominal date “2002”].

    Goodnight, C.J. & Goodnight, M.L. (1942a) Phalangids from British Guiana. American Museum Novitates, 1167, 1–13. [Issue date is 10 April 1942].

    Goodnight, C.J. & Goodnight, M.L. (1942b) Phalangids from Central America and the West Indies. American Museum Novitates, 1184, 1–23. [Issued 12 August 1942].

    Griffith, E. & Pidgeon, E. (1833) The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, with additional descriptions of all species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed. Vol. 13. The classes Annelida, Crustacea, and Arachnida, arranged by the Baron Cuvier [the last two by P. A. Latreille], with supplementary additions to each order. Whittaker, Treacher & Co., London, 540 pp., 60 pls.

    Haeckel, E. (1869) Prodromus eines Systems der Kalkschwämme. Jenaische Zeitschrift, 5, 236–254.

    Hoffman, R.L. (1982) Chelodesmid studies. XVIII. On some new or poorly-known taxa in the tribe Batodesmini (Polydesmida: Chelodesmidae). Journal of Natural History, 16 (5), 633–654.

    Hope, F.W. (1836) On a new Arachnide uniting the genera Gonyleptes and Phalangium. Transactions of the Linnean Society London, 17(3), 397–399. [Often cited as of 1837, but part 3 of Vol. 17 (pp 315-464) of the Transactions was published 21 June 1836, according to Raphael, 1970]

    Hübner, Jacob (1819) Verzeichniss bekannter Schmett[er]linge. 1816-[1827]. Published by the author, Augsburg, [5], pp. 431 + 72 (index).

    Kirby, W. (1819) A century of insects, including several new genera described from his Cabinet. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 12(27) [“1818”], 375–453.

    Koch, C.L. (1839a) Die Arachniden getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. Vol 7, 1–130, 36 pls. C. H. Zeh'schen Buchhandlung, Nürnberg. [Issued May-July 1839].

    Koch, C.L. (1839b) Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Zweites Heft. C.H. Zeh, Nürnberg, 38 pp., 6 plates. [Issued December 1839].

    Kury, A.B. (2003a) Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico, 1, 1–337.

    Kury, A.B. (2003b) Two new species of Lacronia Strand from southern Brazil (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae, Pachylinae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 7, 29–37.

    Kury, A.B. & Mendes, A.C. (2007) Taxonomic status of the European genera of Travuniidae (Arachnida, Opiliones, Laniatores). Munis Entomology & Zoology, 2(1), 1–14.

    Leach, W.E. (1817) The Zoological Miscellany, being descriptions of new or interesting animals. Vol. 3, London, pp. i-vi, 1-151, pls 121–149.

    Lesson, R.P. (1843) Histoire naturelle des zoophytes. Acalèphes. Suites à Buffon. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 596 pp.

    Meigen, J.W. (1803) Versuch einer neuen Gattungs Eintheilung der europaischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Magazin für Insektenkunde, 2, 259–281.

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1926) Notas sobre Opiliones Laniatores sul-americanos. Revista do Museu Paulista, 14, 327–383.

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1927) Generos novos de Gonyleptideos (Nota previa). Boletim do Museu Nacional, 3 (2), 13–22.

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1931a) Nota sobre arachnideos argentinos. III. Opiliões novos ou críticos. IV. Aranhas novas. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias, 3(2), 83–97, 2 pl. [Issued 30 June 1931].

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1931b) Opiliões novos ou criticos. Archivos do Museu Nacional, 33, 115–145. [Wrongly given in NN as of 1932, date of publication is only “1931” so it is deemed to be 31 December 1931].

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1932) Pequenas notas arachnologicas: Nota sobre o genero Iheringia Keiserl. Um novo Lycosida halophilo. Dois novos opiliões. Três novos Thomisidas. Boletim do Museu Nacional, 8(1/4), 67–75. [Date is only 1932, so it is deemed to be 31 December 1932 contra 1931 in KC].

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1933) Notas sobre os opiliões do Brasil descritos na obra póstuma de Sörensen: "Descriptiones Laniatorum". Boletim do Museu Nacional, 9(1), 99–114.

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1940) Algunos arácnidos de Sudamérica. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 43, 169–176. [Issue date unkown, NN and ZR as of 1940].

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de (1941) Opiliões coligidos por Antenor Leitão de Carvalho no Tapirapés. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 1(4), 435–442. [Nominal publication date is December 1941].

    Mello-Leitão, C.F.de & Feio, J.L.de A. (1949) Notas sobre pequena colecção de arachnidios do Perú. Boletim do Museu Paraense “Emilio Goeldi”, 10, 313–324. [Nominal publication date is 1948; however, data entry of the volume in the library of the Museum “Emilio Goeldi” is 4th July 1949, F. J. Cavalcante, pers. comm.].

    Mendes, A.C. & Kury, A.B. (2003) A review of Thaumatoleptes Roewer (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 7, 151–156.

    Müller, A. (1917) Einige neue Gonyleptiden. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 49(4), 89–94. [Issued 5 July 1917].

    Muñoz-Cuevas, A. (1976) Phalangozea bordoni, nuevo género y especie de Opiliones cavernicolas de Venezuela, de la familia Phalangodidae (Arachnida: Opilionida). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleologia, 6(12) [“1975”], 87–94. [Nominal date October 1975; issued March 1976].

    Nalivkin, D.V. (1930) Brachiopods from the Upper and Middle Devonian of the Turkestan. Mémoires du Comité Géologique, N.S., 180, 1–221.

    Nalivkin, D.V. (1937) Brachiopoda of the Upper and Middle Devonian and Lower Carboniferous of north-eastern Kazakhstan. Trudy Tsentral’nogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Geologo-Razvedochnogo Instituta (TSNIGRU) 99, 1–200.

    Özdikmen, H. (2006) Nomenclatural changes for some Laniatores (Opiliones) genera: new substitute names and new combinations. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 1(1), 63–68.

    Özdikmen, H. (2008) Nomenclatural changes for some preoccupied harvestman genus group names (Arachnida: Opiliones). Turkish Journal of Arachnology, 1(1), 37–43.

    Özdikmen, H. & Demir, H. (2008) New family and genus names, Briggsidae nom. nov. and Briggsus nom. nov., for the harvestmen (Opiliones: Laniatores). Munis Entomology & Zoology, 3(1), 174–176.

    Özdikmen, H. & Kury, A.B. (2006) Three homonymous generic names in Araneae and Opiliones. The Journal of Arachnology, 34(1), 279–280.

    Pascoe, F.P. (1867) Diagnostic characters of some new genera and species of Prionidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (3)19, 410–413.

    Pérez-González, A. & Kury, A.B. (2007) Kimulidae Pérez González, Kury and Alonso-Zarazaga, new name. In: R. Pinto-Da-Rocha, G. Machado & G. Giribet (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 207–209.

    Pérez-González, A. & Vasconcelos, E.G. (2003) A new species of Arucillus Šilhavý, 1971 from the Dominican Republic (Opiliones: Laniatores: Cosmetidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 7, 135–140.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Kury, A.B. (2003) Phylogenetic analysis of Santinezia with description of five new species (Opiliones, Laniatores, Cranaidae). The Journal of Arachnology, 31(2), 173–208. [Issue date is September 2003].

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (1996) Iandumoema uai, a new genus and species of troglobitic harvestman from Brazil (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 13(4) [“1996”], 843–848. [Issue date is 18 July 1997, nominal date is 1996].

    Raphael, S. (1970) The issue dates of the Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Series I, 1791-1875. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2, 61–76.

    Ringuelet, R.A. (1955) Un nuevo genero austral-americano de Triaenonychidae. Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina, 17(3–4), 25–28. [Issue date is 1955, contra "1954" in NN and ZR].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1912a) Die Familien der Assamiiden und Phalangodiden der Opiliones-Laniatores. (= Assamiden, Dampetriden, Phalangodiden, Epedaniden, Biantiden, Zalmoxiden, Samoiden, Palpipediden anderer Autoren). Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abt. A, Original-Arbeiten, 78(3), 1–242. [Issued July 1912].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1912b) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Weberknechte Kolumbiens. In: Fuhrmann, O. & Mayor, E. (Eds.), Voyage d’exploration scientifique en Colombie. Mémoires de la Société neuchâteloise des Sciences naturelles, 5, 139–159, pl. VII. [Issue date of the volume is 1914, but preprints were available in 1912, which is the correct date, contra "1914" in NN].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1915) Fünfzehn neue Opilioniden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abt. A, Original-Arbeiten, 80(9) [“1914”], 106–132. [Issue date is May, 1915 contra "1914" in KC].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1917) 52 neue Opilioniden, Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abt. A, Original-Arbeiten, 82(2) [“1916”], 90–158, 47 figs. [Issued Jan 1917].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1925) Opilioniden aus Süd-Amerika. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia e di Anatomia Comparata della Reale Università di Torino, (N.S.) 40(34), 1–34, plates 5–6. [Issue date is 01 October 1925, contra "1926" in NN. In KC the volume and fascicle appeared mistakenly exchanged as "34(40)"].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1927a) Weitere Weberknechte I. (1. Ergänzung der: "Weberknechte der Erde," 1923). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Bremen, 26(2), 261–402, pl. 1. [Nominal date 1926. Issued January 1927].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1927b) Brasilianische Opilioniden, gesammelt von Herrn Prof. Bresslau im Jahre 1914. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 40(3), 331–352. [Issue date is 30 December 1927].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1928) Weitere Weberknechte II. (2. Ergänzung der Weberknechte der Erde, 1923). Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen, 26(3), 527–632, 1 plate. [Issue date is February 1928, contra nominal date "1927" in KC].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1929) Weitere Weberknechte III. (3. Ergänzung der: "Weberknechte der Erde", 1923). Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen, 27(2), 179–284. [Issue date is April 1929].

    Roewer, C.-F. (1930) Weitere Weberknechte IV. (4. Ergänzung der Weberknechte der Erde, 1923). Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen, 27(3), 341–452, plates 6–7. [Issue date is April 1930].

    Roewer, C.F. (1931) Weitere Weberknechte V. (5. Ergänzung der “Weberknechte der Erde,” 1923). Abhandlungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen, 28(2–3), 101–164. [Issue date is June 1931].

    Roewer, C.F. (1943) Über Gonyleptiden. Weitere Webernechte (Arachn., Opil.) XI. Senckenbergiana, 26(1–3), 12–68. [Issue date is 15 July 1943].

    Roewer, C.F. (1947) Diagnosen neuer Gattungen und Arten der Opiliones Laniatores (Arachn.) aus C.F. Roewer's Sammlung im Senckenberg-Museum. 1. Cosmetidae. Senckenbergiana, 28(1/3), 7–57.

    Roewer, C.F. (1949a) Über Phalangodiden I. (Subfam. Phalangodinae, Tricommatinae, Samoinae.) Weitere Weberknechte XIII. Senckenbergiana, 30(1/3), 11–61. [Issue date is 31 May 1949].

    Roewer, C.F. (1949b) Einige neue Gattungen der Phalangodidae (Opiliones). Veröffentlichungen aus dem Museum für Natur-, Völker- u. Handelskunde in Bremen, Reihe A: Naturwissenschaften, 1, 143–144. [Issue date is July 1949].

    Roewer, C.F. (1949c) Über Phalangodidae II. Weitere Weberknechte XIV. Senckenbergiana, 30(4/6), 247–289. [Issue date is 20 December 1949].

    Roewer, C.F. (1963) Opiliones aus Peru und Colombien. [Arachnida Arthrogastra aus Peru V]. Senckenbergiana Biologica, 44(1), 5–72.

    Stål, C. (1863) Hemipterorum exoticorum generum et specierum nonnullarum novarum descriptions. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (Ser. 3) 1, 571–603.

    Šilhavý, V. (1973) Two new systematic groups of gonyleptomorphid phalangids from the Antillean- Caribbean Region, Agoristenidae Fam. N., and Caribbiantinae Subfam. N. (Arachn.: Opilionidea). Věstník československé Společnosti zoologické, 37(2), 110–143.

    Soares, B.A.M. (1944) Mais alguns opiliões de Boracéa. Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, São Paulo, 4(12), 177–186.

    Soares, H.E.M. (1966) Opiliões da coleção Gofferjè (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae, Phalangodidae). Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, 18(10), 87–102.

    Soares, H.E.M. (1968) Dois novos opiliões do Brasil (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Papéis avulsos de zoologia, 21(14), 137–142.

    Soares, H.E.M. & Avram, Ş. (1987) Opilionides du Venezuela. III. In: V. Decu, T. Orghidan, D. Dancau, C. Bordon, O. Linares, F. Urbani, J. Tronchoni & C. Bosque (Eds.), Fauna hipogea y hemiedafica de Venezuela y de otros paises de America del Sur. Vol. 1. no 7. Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste Romania, Bucarest, pp. 73–80.

    Soares, H.E.M. & Bauab-Vianna, M.J. (1973) Contribuição ao estudo dos Opiliões do Peru (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 29 [1972], 317–342. [Issue date is 31 May 1973 (colophon) contra "1973" in KC].

    Soares, H.E.M. & Soares, B.A.M. (1977) Opera Opiliologica Varia. IX (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Physis, Sección C, 37(93), 217–222. [Issue date is November 1977, contra "1978" in NN].

    Sørensen, W.E. (1932) Descriptiones Laniatorum (Arachnidorum Opilionum Subordinis). Opus posthumum recognovit et edidit Kai L. Henriksen. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs skrifter, Naturvidenskabelig og Mathematisk Afdeling, (ser. 9) 3(4), 197–422.

    Strand, E. (1942) Miscellanea nomenclatoria zoologica et Paleontologica X. Folia zoologica et hydrobiologica, 11(1), 386–402.

    Thor, S. (1933) Melloinia nom.nov. für Canestrinia (non A. Berlese 1881) M. Mello-Leitão 1931. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 103(7–8), 224.

    Tobias, R. (1844) Kritische Bemerkungen zu Dr. Anton Lindermayers Aufsatz ‘Die Vogel Griechenlands’, in Oken Isis 1843; datiert Athen den 10 September 1842. Abhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Görlitz, 4 (1), 58–60.

    Villarreal-M., O. & Kury, A.B. (2009) A new generic homonym in the Agoristenidae (Arachnida: Opiliones). Zootaxa, 2045, 65-68.

    APPENDIX 1. Systematic literature on American Laniatores between 2004 and 2009.

    Acosta, L.E. (2006) Marayniocus martensi, a new genus and a new species of Peruvian harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 1325, 199–210.

    Acosta, L.E. (2008) Distribution of Geraeocormobius sylvarum (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae): Range modeling based on bioclimatic variables. The Journal of Arachnology, 36(3), 574–582.

    Acosta, L.E., Kury, A.B. & Juárez, M.L. (2007) New records of Geraeocormobius sylvarum (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae), with a remarkable disjunction in northwestern Argentina. Boletín de la SEA, 41, 303–306.

    Bragagnolo, C. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2009) Review of the Brazilian harvestman genus Roeweria Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 2270, 39–52.

    Cokendolpher, J.C. (2004) Revalidation of the harvestman genus Chinquipellobunus (Opiliones: Stygnopsidae). Texas Memorial Museum, Speleological Monographs, 6, 143–152.

    DaSilva, M.B. & Kury, A.B. (2007) A remarkable new species of Multumbo showing sexual dimorphism, with the transfer of Multumbo and Piassagera to the Hernandariinae (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 1558, 29–37.

    Ferreira, C.P., Pedroso, D.R. & Kury, A.B. (2005) A new species of Metavononoides from the Brazilian Atlantic forest (Arachnida: Opiliones: Cosmetidae). Zootaxa, 1087, 45–52.

    Ferreira, C.P., Pedroso, D.R. & Kury, A.B. (2007) A new species of Metavononoides from southern Espírito Santo (Arachnida: Opiliones: Cosmetidae). Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 64(3) [“2006”], 231–234.

    González-Sponga, M.A. (2005) Venezuelan Arachnida. Six new species of the genus Stygnomma (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnommatidae). Acta Biologica Venezuelica, 22 (3–4) [“2002”], 13–35.

    Hara, M.R. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2008a) A new species of Brazilian troglobitic harvestman of the genus Iandumoema (Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 1744, 50–58.

    Hara, M.R. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2008b) A new species and new distribution records of Pickeliana (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 25(3), 515–522.

    Kury, A.B. (2006) A new Tricommatinae from the montane savanna of São Paulo (Opiliones: Laniatores: Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 1325, 211–217.

    Kury, A.B. (2007a) Laniatores — Historical systematic synopsis. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 159–168.

    Kury, A.B. (2007b) Manaosbiidae Roewer, 1943. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 209–211.

    Kury, A.B. (2007c) Travuniidae Absolon and Kratochvíl, 1932. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 237–239.

    Kury, A.B. (2007d) Triaenonychidae Sørensen, 1886. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 239–243.

    Kury, A.B. (2008a) A review of Soaresia H. Soares, 1945, with the description of a new species from Serra da Mantiqueira, Brazil (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae, Pachylinae). Zootaxa, 1687, 51–59.

    Kury, A.B. (2008b) Two new troglomorph Pachylinae (Opiliones, Laniatores, Gonyleptidae) from caves in Bahia, Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 43(3), 247–253.

    Kury, A.B. (2009) A new genus of Stygninae from a relictual rainforest in Ceará, northeastern Brazil (Opiliones, Laniatores, Stygnidae). Zootaxa, 2057, 63–68.

    Kury, A.B. & Orrico, V.G.D. (2006) A new species of Lacronia Strand, 1942 from the highlands of Rio de Janeiro (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae, Pachylinae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 13, 147–153.

    Kury, A.B. & Pérez-González, A. (2007a) Biantidae Thorell, 1889. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 176–179.

    Kury, A.B. & Pérez-González, A. (2007b) Escadabiidae Kury and Pérez in Kury, 2003. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (Eds), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 191–194.

    Kury, A.B. & Pérez--González, A. (2007c) Icaleptidae Kury and Pérez-González, 2002. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 205–207.

    Kury, A.B. & Pérez-González, A. (2007d) Zalmoxidae Sørensen, 1886. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (Eds), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 243–246.

    Kury, A.B. & Pérez-González, A. (2008) The first cave-dwelling Spinopilar (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae, Tricommatinae), described from a Brazilian cave. Tropical Zoology, 21(2), 259–267.

    Kury, A.B. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2007a) Cosmetidae Koch, 1839. In: R. Pinto-da-Rocha, G. Machado & G. Giribet (Eds.), Harvestmen: The Biology of Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 182–185.

    Kury, A.B. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2007b) Gonyleptidae Sundevall, 1833. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 196–203.

    Kury, A.B. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2008) First record of Stygnidae for the state of Espírito Santo and description of a new Protimesius (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 25(2), 319–322.

    Kury, A.B., Villarreal-M., O. & Costa C.S. (2007) Redescription of the type species of Cynorta (Arachnida, Opiliones, Cosmetidae). The Journal of Arachnology, 35(2), 325–333.

    Manzanilla, O.V. & Kury, A.B. (2009) A new generic homonym in the Agoristenidae (Arachnida: Opiliones). Zootaxa, 2045, 65–68.

    Mendes, A.C. & Kury, A.B. (2007) Stygnopsidae Sørensen, 1932. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 232–234.

    Mendes, A.C. & Kury, A.B. (2008) Intercontinental Triaenonychidae – the case of Ceratomontia (Opiliones, Insidiatores). The Journal of Arachnology, 36(2), 273–279.

    Orrico, V.G.D. & Kury, A.B. (2009) A cladistic analysis of the Stygnicranainae Roewer, 1913 (Arachnida, Opiliones, Cranaidae) – where do longipalp cranaids belong? Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 157, 470–494.

    Özdikmen, H. (2006) Nomenclatural changes for some Laniatores (Opiliones) genera: New substitute names and new combinations. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 1 (1), 63–68.

    Özdikmen, H. (2008) Nomenclatural changes for some preoccupied harvestman genus group names (Arachnida: Opiliones). Turkish Journal of Arachnology, Ankara, 1 (1), 37–43.

    Özdikmen, H. & Demir, H. (2008) New family and genus names, Briggsidae nom. nov. and Briggsus nom. nov., for the harvestmen (Opiliones: Laniatores). Munis Entomology & Zoology, 3(1), 174–176.

    Özdikmen, H. & Kury, A.B. (2006) Three homonymous generic names in Araneae and Opiliones. The Journal of Arachnology, 34(1), 279–280.

    Pérez-González, A. & Alegre-B., A. (2009) On the enigmatic Heterolacurbs ovalis Roewer, 1912 (Opiliones, Laniatores, Biantidae). Zootaxa, 2269, 65–67.

    Pérez-González, A. & Kury, A.B. (2007a) Kimulidae Pérez-González, Kury and Alonso-Zarazaga, new name. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., G. Machado & G. Giribet (Eds), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 207–209.

    Pérez-González, A. & Kury, A.B. (2007b) Samoidae Sørensen, 1886. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 224–226.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2004) A new species of Fissiphalliidae from Brazilian Amazon rain forest (Arachnida: Opiliones). Zootaxa, 640, 1–6.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2007) Stygnidae Simon, 1879. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 226–229.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Carvalho, L.S. (2009) A new species of Sickesia (Laniatores: Stygnidae: Opiliones) and new records for the State of Piauí, Brazil. Zoologia, 26(2), 337–342.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Hara, M.R. (2009) New familial assignments for three species of Neotropical harvestmen based on cladistic analysis (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores). Zootaxa, 2241, 33–46.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Kury, A.B. (2003) Third species of Guasiniidae (Opiliones, Laniatores) with comments on familial relationships. The Journal of Arachnology, 31(3), 394–399.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Kury, A.B. (2007a) Agoristenidae Šilhavý, 1973. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 171–173.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Kury, A.B. (2007b) Cranaidae Roewer, 1913. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp 185–188.

    Pinto-da-Rocha, R. & Villarreal-M., O. (2009) Cladistic analysis of the Stygninae and description of a new species of Protimesius Roewer, 1913 (Opiliones: Stygnidae). Zootaxa, 2176, 48–56.

    Saturnino, R. Tourinho, A.L. Azevedo, C.S., Baptista, R.L.C. & Magalhães, C. (2009) Catalogue of type specimens of invertebrates in the collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil. V. Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones and Scorpiones. Zootaxa, 2247, 51–67.

    Shear, W.A. & Derkarabetian, S. (2008) Nomenclatorial changes in Triaenonychidae: Sclerobunus parvus Roewer is a junior synonym of Paranonychus brunneus (Banks), Mutusnonychus [sic] Suzuki is a junior synonym of Paranonychus Briggs, and Kaolinonychinae Suzuki is a junior synonym of Paranonychinae Briggs (Opiliones: Triaenonychidae). Zootaxa, 1809, 67–68.

    Shear, W.A. (2008) Deletions from the North American harvestman (Opiliones) faunal list: Phalangomma virginicum Roewer, 1949 is a synonym of Erebomaster weyerensis (Packard, 1888) (Travunioidea: Cladonychiidae), and a note on Crosbycus goodnightorum Rower, 1951 (Nemastomatidae). Zootaxa, 1945, 67–68.

    Thomas, S.M. & Hedin, M. (2006) Natural history and distribution of the enigmatic southern Appalachian opilionid, Fumontana deprehendor Shear (Laniatores: Triaenonychidae), with an assessment of morphological variation. Zootaxa, 1242, 21–36.

    Thomas, S.M. & Hedin, M. (2008) Multigenic phylogeographic divergence in the paleoendemic southern Appalachian opilionid Fumontana deprehendor Shear (Opiliones, Laniatores, Triaenonychidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46(2), 645–658.

    Tourinho, A.L.M. & Pérez-González, A. (2006) On the family Fissiphalliidae Martens, 1988, with descriptions of two new Amazonian species (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores). Zootaxa, 1325, 235–254.

    Ubick, D. (2007) Phalangodidae Simon, 1879. In: Pinto-da-Rocha, R., Machado, G. & Giribet, G. (Eds.), Harvestmen: the biology of the Opiliones. Harvard University Press, Cambridge and London, pp. 217–221.

    Ubick, D. & Briggs, T.S. (2004) The harvestman family Phalangodidae. 5. New records and species of Texella Goodnight and Goodnight (Opiliones: Laniatores). Texas Memorial Museum, Speleological Monographs, 6, 101–141.

    Ubick, D. & Briggs, T.S. (2008) The harvestman family Phalangodidae. 6. Revision of the Siltalcina complex (Opiliones: Laniatores). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, (4) 59(1), 1–108.

    Vasconcelos, E.G. (2004) A new species of Mischonyx Bertkau, 1880 from the northern coast of São Paulo State, Brazil (Opiliones, Laniatores, Gonyleptidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 10, 129–132.

    Vasconcelos, E.G. (2005) Nova espécie de Mischonyx do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Iheringia Série Zoologia, 95(3), 229–232.

    Vasconcelos, E.G. (2005) Notes on Geraecormobius clavifemur (Mello-Leitão, 1927) and description of Geraecormobius reitzi n. sp. (Arachnida: Opiliones: Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa, 1088, 1–10.

    Villarreal-M, O. (2004) Descripción de una nueva especie del género Stygnidius (Opiliones, Stygnidae) del Cerro Marahuaca, en el Amazonas Venezolano. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 9, 15–18.

    Villarreal-M., O. (2006) New and interesting record of Ethobunus meridionalis (Caporiacco, 1951) from Venezuela (Opiliones: Zalmoxidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 13, 163–165.

    Villarreal-M, O. & DoNascimiento, C. (2005) Una nueva especie del género Paravima Caporiacco, 1951 (Opiliones, Laniatores, Agoristenidae) del tramo oriental de la Cordillera de La Costa, Estado Miranda, Venezuela. Memorias de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, 2005 ["2004"], 161–162, 101–111.

    Villarreal-M., O., DoNascimiento, C. & Rodriguez, C.J. (2007) Two new species of the enigmatic genus Stenophareus (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnidae) from the Venezuelan Guiana Shield. Zootaxa, 1471, 43–51.

    Villarreal-Manzanilla, O. & Kury, A.B. (2009) A new generic homonym in the Agoristenidae (Arachnida: Opiliones). Zootaxa, 2045, 65–68.

    Villarreal-M., O. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2006) Five new species of Protimesius from Brazil (Opiliones: Stygnidae). Zootaxa, 1325, 219–233.

    Villarreal-M., O. & Rodriguez, C.J. (2004) Description of a new species and two new records of the genus Stygnoplus (Opiliones, Stygnidae) from Venezuela. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 10, 179–184.

    Villareal-M., O. & Rodriguez, C. (2006) Nuevos registros del género Phareus Simon, 1879 en Colombia, con la descripción de una nueva especie (Opiliones, Stygnidae). Boletín de la SEA, 38, 103–105.

    Yamaguti, H.Y. & Pinto-da-Rocha, R. (2009) Taxonomic review of Bourguyiinae, cladistic analysis, and a new hypothesis of biogeographic relationships of the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest (Arachnida: Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 319–362.