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Type: Articles
Published: 2012-09-12
Page range: 69–76
Abstract views: 78
PDF downloaded: 1

Zoogeography of the echiuran fauna of the East Pacific Ocean (Phylum: Echiura)

School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Echiura Zoogeography East Pacific Ocean Bonelliidae Urechidae Echiuridae


This report provides a checklist of the echiuran fauna of the East Pacific Ocean and analyses their distribution. All thespecies are mapped and keys for their identification are provided. Currently the echiuran fauna of the East Pacificcomprises three families, 9 genera and 17 species. The family Bonelliidae contains two genera and three species, theUrechidae has a single genus with two species, and the Echiuridae contains six genera and 12 species. This investigationshows that the East Pacific has a very low species diversity comprising only about 10% of the world fauna. Of the recordedspecies in the East Pacific, 12 are found in the North Pacific, four are circumtropical and only two species are found in theSouth Pacific. Ochetostoma baronii is the only species considered to be cosmopolitan and eleven species appear to be endemic to the Eastern Pacific.


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