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Type: Monograph
Published: 2013-01-11
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A revision of the genus Thouarella Gray, 1870 (Octocorallia: Primnoidae), including an illustrated dichotomous key, a new species description, and comments on Plumarella Gray, 1870 and Dasystenella, Versluys, 1906

Zoological Society of London, Institute of Zoology, Regent’s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK Department of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK Department of Zoology, Univerity of Oxford, Tinbergen building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3PS
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, MRC 163, P.O. Box 37012, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA
Department of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK 3Department of Zoology, Univerity of Oxford, Tinbergen building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3PS Marine Resources Assessment Group LtD, 18 Queen Street, London, UK
Department of Zoology, Univerity of Oxford, Tinbergen building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3PS
Coelenterata Cnidaria taxonomic revision sub-Antarctic octocoral


A comprehensive revision of the genus Thouarella is presented. Thirty-five holotypes of the 38 nominal Thouarella species, two varieties, and one form were examined. The number of original Thouarella species has been reduced to 25, mostly through synonymy or new genus combinations. In the process several new species have also been identified, one of which is described here as Thouarella parachilensis nov. sp. The genus is split into two groups based on polyp arrangement: Group 1 with isolated polyps and Group 2 with polyps in pairs or whorls. An illustrated dichotomous key and detailed character table of the 25 Thouarella species are presented alongside an up-to-date account of all species described in the 19th and 20th centuries and summaries of the few described from 2000 onwards. We propose that Thouarella longispinosa is synonymous with Dasystenella acanthina, T. versluysi with T. brucei, and, T. tenuisquamis, T. flabellata, and T. carinata are synonymous with T. laxa. Lastly, we propose that T. bayeri and T. undulata be placed in Plumarella and support recent suggestions that T. alternata, T. recta, T. superba, and T. diadema are also Plumarella.


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