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Type: Articles
Published: 2013-02-20
Page range: 239–252
Abstract views: 28
PDF downloaded: 2

Phylogenetic relationships and description of a new upland species of Bent-toed Gecko (Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827) of the C. sworderi complex from northeastern Peninsular Malaysia

Department of Biology, La Sierra University, Riverside, California, USA Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
Centre for Drug Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
Department of Biology, Brigham Young University, 150 East Bulldog Boulevard, Provo, Utah 84602 USA
Reptilia Gekkonidae Cyrtodactylus Cyrtodactylus tebuensis sp. nov. Malaysia Terengganu new species


Molecular and morphological analyses indicate that a new upland species of the Cyrtodactylus sworderi complex, C. tebuensis sp. nov. from Gunung Tebu, Terengganu, Malaysia is most closely related to C. sworderi and together they form the sister lineage to C. quadrivirgatus. Cyrtodactylus tebuensis sp. nov. is differentiated from all other species of Sunda-land Cyrtodactylus on the basis of having the unique combination of large, conical, keeled body tubercles; tubercles pres-ent on top of head, occiput, nape, and limbs, and extending posteriorly beyond base of tail; 43–51 ventral scales; no transversely enlarged, median subcaudal scales; proximal, subdigital lamellae transversely expanded; 17–21 subdigital la-mellae on fourth toe; an abrupt transition between posterior and ventral femoral scales; enlarged femoral scales; no fem-oral or precloacal pores; no precloacal groove; body bearing four wide, bold, dark brown stripes (lateral stripe on each flank and a pair of paravertebral stripes); and a pairwise sequence divergence of 13.0% from its closest relative C. sworderi based on the mitochondrial gene ND2. Cyrtodactylus tebuensis sp. nov. is the first endemic upland species of gekkonid from northeastern Peninsular Malaysia and underscores the necessity for additional field work in all upland systems.


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