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Type: Article
Published: 2014-08-01
Page range: 249–260
Abstract views: 63
PDF downloaded: 1

A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae)

Dept. of Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 2023 G St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20052;
Dept. of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology & Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138;
Dept. of Biology, The Graduate School and University Center, The City University of New York, 365 5th Ave., New York, NY 10016. Dept. of Biology, The College of Staten Island, The City University of New York, 2800 Victory Blvd., Staten Island, NY 10314;
Serpentes Boidae


Large molecular datasets including many species and loci have greatly improved our knowledge of snake phylogeny, particularly within the group including boas (Table 1). Recent taxonomic revisions using molecular phylogenies have clarified some of the previously contentious nomenclature of the group (Wilcox et al. 2002; Lawson et al. 2004; Burbrink 2005; Noonan & Chippindale 2006), resulting in a robust taxonomy that is mostly concordant with the phylogeny as currently known, which includes ~85% of described, extant species (Pyron et al. 2013; Reynolds et al. 2014). However, a few unresolved issues remain, related primarily to the rules of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (the Code hereafter) and the application of Linnaean ranks (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature et al. 1999).