Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2016-08-03

The first elateroid beetles (Coleoptera: Polyphaga: Elateroidea) from the Upper Jurassic of Australia

CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia.
CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia.
Faculty of Education, Science, Technology and Mathematics, University of Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia. Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.
CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia.
Coleoptera Talbragar Fish Bed Cerophytidae Elateridae Eucnemidae beetle fossil new genus new species

Abstract

The first elateroid fossils from the Upper Jurassic Talbragar Fish Bed in Australia are described and illustrated. Wongaroo amplipectorale gen. et sp. n., based on two specimens, is placed in the family Cerophytidae due to its convex, posteriorly weakly angled and laterally carinate pronotum obscuring the head in dorsal view, its relatively long, pointed elytra and slender legs, its 9-striate elytra with deep basal pits and the absence of metacoxal plates. Beattieellus jurassicus gen. et sp. n., described from one specimen, possesses the acutely angled pronotum without a carina on the posterolateral angles and the ventral click apparatus typical of Eucnemidae and is classified in this family. Assignment of it to a eucnemid subfamily is impossible because of the insufficient preservation of relevant characters in the fossil. Four other elateroid fossils, possibly representing eucnemids and elaterids, are illustrated and briefly described but not named, due to their insufficient preservation. These fossils represent the first of their kind in Australia and in the Southern Hemisphere, and Beattieellus is also the oldest eucnemid fossil known and extends the fossil record of Eucnemidae into the Upper Jurassic. The discovery of elateroid fossils in the Talbragar Fish Bed adds to the coleopteran diversity of this ancient lake ecosystem, indicating that it was well wooded and provided suitable habitats of rotten wood for the development of the larvae of these taxa.

 

References

  1. Ashman, L.G., Oberprieler, R.G. & Ślipiński, S.A. (2015) Rhopalomma stefaniae gen. et sp. n., the first ommatid beetle from the Upper Jurassic in Australia (Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae). Zootaxa, 3980 (1), 136–142.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3980.1.8

    Bean, L.B. (2006) The leptolepid fish Cavenderichthys talbragarensis (Woodward, 1895) from the Talbragar Fish Bed (Late Jurassic) near Gulgong, New South Wales. Records of the Western Australian Museum, 23, 43–76.

    Beattie, R.G. & Avery, S. (2012) Palaeoecology and palaeoenvironment of the Jurassic Talbragar Fossil Fish Bed, Gulgong, New South Wales, Australia. Alcheringa, 36, 453–468.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03115518.2012.671675

    Beattie, R.G. & Nel, A. (2012) A new dragonfly, Austroprotolindenia jurassica (Odonata: Anisoptera), from the Upper Jurassic of Australia. Alcheringa, 36, 189–193.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03115518.2011.598055

    Cai, C., Yan, E., Beattie, R., Wang, B. & Huang, D. (2013) First rove beetles from the Jurassic Talbragar Fish Bed of Australia (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Journal of Palaeontology, 87, 650–656.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1666/12-136

    Calder, A. (1996) Click Beetles. Genera of the Australian Elateridae (Coleoptera). Monographs on Invertebrate Taxonomy, 2, x+401 pp.

    Chang, H., Kirejtshuk, A.G. & Ren, D. (2011a) New genus and species of Cerophytidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the Lower Cretaceous of Baissa (Siberia). Cretaceous Research, 32, 700–704.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2011.04.005

    Chang, H., Kirejtshuk, A.G. & Ren, D. (2011b) On taxonomy and distribution of fossil Cerophytidae (Coleoptera: Elateriformia) with description of a new Mesozoic species of Necromera Martynov, 1926. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.): International Journal of Entomology, 47, 33–44.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00379271.2011.10697694

    Chang, H., Muona, J., Pu, H., Li, X., Wang, C., Teräväinen, M., Ren, D., Yang, Q., Zhang, X. & Lia, S. (2016) Chinese Cretaceous larva exposes a southern Californian living fossil (Insecta, Coleoptera, Eucnemidae). Cladistics, 32, 211–214.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12124

    Cohen, K.M., Finney, S.C., Gibbard, P.L. & Fan, J.-X. (2015) The ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Episodes, 36, 199–204. Available at: http://www.stratigraphy.org/ICSchart/ChronostratChart2015-01.pdf (accessed 29 February 2016)

    Costa, C., Vanin, S.A., Lawrence, J.F. & Ide, S. (2003) Systematics and cladistics analysis of Cerophytidae (Elateroidea: Coleoptera). Systematic Entomology, 28, 375–407.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2003.00219.x

    Costa, C., Vanin, S.A., Lawrence, J.F. & Ide, S. (2010a) 4.4. Cerophytidae Latreille, 1834. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. Arthropoda: Insecta. Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics. Volume 2. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York, pp. 54–61.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110911213.54

    Costa, C., Lawrence, J.F. & Rosa, S.P. (2010b) 4.7. Elateridae Leach, 1815. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. Arthropoda: Insecta. Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics. Volume 2. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York, pp. 75–103.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110911213.75

    Costa, C., Vanin, S.A. & Rosa, S.P. (2014) Description of a new genus and species of Cerophytidae (Coleoptera: Elateroidea) from Africa with a cladistic analysis of the family. Zootaxa, 3878 (3), 248–260.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3878.3.2

    Dolin, V.G., Panfilov, D.V., Ponomarenko, A.G. & Pritykina, L.N. (1980) Iskopayemye nasekomye mezozoya [Fossil Insects of the Mesozoic]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 135 pp. [in Russian.]

    Etheridge, R. (Jnr.), & Olliff, A.S. (1890) The Mesozoic and Tertiary insects of New South Wales. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of New South Wales, Palaeontology, 7, 1–15.

    Fikáček, M., Prokin, A., Yan, E., Yue, Y., Wang, B., Ren, D. & Beattie, R. (2014) Modern hydrophilid clades present and widespread in the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous (Coleoptera: Hydrophiloidea: Hydrophilidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170, 710–734.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12114

    Grimaldi, D. & Engel, M.S. (2005) Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, New York, 755 pp.

    Handlirsch, A. (1906–1908) Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Ein Handbuch für Paläontologen und Zoologen. Fasc. 1–7. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 1430 pp. [pp. 1–640 published in 1906, pp. 641–1120 in 1907, pp. 1121–1430 in 1908.]

    Kirejtshuk, A.G. & Azar, D. (2013) Current knowledge of Coleoptera (Insecta) from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber and taxonomical notes for some Mesozoic groups. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 6, 103–134.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/18749836-06021061

    Lawrence, J.F. & Ślipiński, A. (2013) Australian Beetles: Morphology, Classification and Keys. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia, 561 pp.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/syen.12104

    Martin, S.K. (2010) Early Jurassic coleopterans from the Mintaja Insect Locality, Western Australia. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 84, 925–953.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-6724.2010.00276.x

    Mueller, F. (1865) Mr. D. McIntyre’s journey across Australia, from Victoria to the Gulf of Carpentaria, and discovery of supposed traces of Leichhardt. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London, 9 (6), 300–305.

    Muona, J. (1993a) Review of the phylogeny, classification and biology of the family Eucnemidae (Coleoptera). Entomologica scandinavica, Supplement 43, 1–133.

    Muona, J. (1993b) Eucnemidae and Throscidae in Baltic Amber. Entomologische Blätter für Biologie und Systematik der Käfer, 89, 15–45.

    Muona, J. (2010) 4.5. Eucnemidae Eschscholtz, 1829. In: Leschen, R.A.B., Beutel, R.G. & Lawrence, J.F. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. Arthropoda: Insecta. Coleoptera, Beetles. Morphology and Systematics. Volume 2. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York, pp. 61–69.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110911213.61

    Oberprieler, R.G. & Oberprieler, S.K. (2012) Talbragarus averyi gen. et sp. n., the first Jurassic weevil from the southern hemisphere (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea: Nemonychidae). Zootaxa, 3478, 256–266.

    Oberprieler, S.K. & Yeates, D.K. (2012) Calosargus talbragarensis sp. n.: the first brachyceran fly from the Jurassic of Australia (Diptera: Archisargidae). Journal of Palaeontology, 86, 641–645.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1666/11-126r.1

    Oberprieler, S.K., Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Brothers, D.J. (2012) The first wasps from the Upper Jurassic of Australia (Hymenoptera: Evanioidea, Praeaulacidae). Zootaxa, 3503, 47–54.

    Oberprieler, S.K. & Yeates, D.K. (2014) Notoatherix antiqua gen. et sp. nov., first fossil water snipe fly from the Late Jurassic of Australia (Diptera: Athericidae). Zootaxa, 3866 (1), 138–144.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3866.1.8

    Oberprieler, S.K., Krzemiński, W., Hinde, J. & Yeates, D.K. (2015) First crane fly from the Upper Jurassic of Australia (Diptera: Limoniidae). Zootaxa, 4021 (1), 178–186.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4021.1.8

    Ren, D., Shih, C., Gao, T., Yao, Y. & Zhao, Y. (2010) Silent Stories: Insect Fossil Treasures from Dinosaur Era of the Northeastern China. Science Press, Beijing, 322 pp.

    Selden, P.A. & Beattie, R.G. (2013) A spider fossil from the Jurassic Talbragar Fossil Fish Bed of New South Wales. Alcheringa, 37, 203–208.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03115518.2013.735072

    Ślipiński, S.A., Leschen, R.A.B. & Lawrence, J.F. (2011) Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, (Special Issue), pp. 203–208.

    Turner, S., Bean, L.B., Dettman, M., McKellar, J.L., McLoughlin, S. & Thulborn, T. (2009) Australian Jurassic sedimentary and fossil successions: current work and future prospects for marine and non-marine correlation. GFF, 131, 49–70.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11035890902924877

    Wade, R.T. (1941) The Jurassic fishes of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 75, 71–84.

    Walkom, A.B. (1921) Mesozoic floras of New South Wales. Part 1. Fossil plants from Cockabutta Mountain and Talbragar. Memoirs of the Geological Society of New South Wales, Palaeontology, 12, 1–21.

    White, M.E. (1981) Revision of the Talbragar Fish Bed flora (Jurassic) of New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 33, 695–721.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.33.1981.269

    Woodward, A.S. (1895) The fossil fishes of the Talbragar Beds (Jurassic). Memoirs of the Geological Survey of New South Wales, Palaeontology, 9, 1–27.

    Zherikhin, V.V. (1977) Infraorder Elateriformia. In: Arnoldi, L.V., Zherikhin, V.V., Nikitrin, L.M. & Ponomarenko, A.G. (Eds.), Mesozoic Coleoptera. Nauka Publishers, Moscow [English translation, 1991, Oxonian Press, New Delhi, India], pp. 130–34 [177–182].