Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2016-08-15

New Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae) of North America Part I. Genus Scatopsciara Edwards, 1927

Werner Mohrig, Puddemin 6, 18754 Poseritz/Rügen, Germany.
Ellen Kauschke, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Institute of Zoology, Stephanstrasse 24, 35390 Giessen, Germany.
Diptera new species species newly combined identification key Nearctic region Holarctic region Canada USA

Abstract

In the Nearctic region the genus Scatopsciara includes 37 species. Herein these species are diagnosed, keyed and distribution data provided. Twenty six species are known exclusively from the Nearctic region. Eleven species have a Holarctic distribution. Nineteen species are described as new for science. These are: Scatopsciara abedabunae sp. n. (USA, Canada), Sc. adsilae sp. n. (USA), Sc. alawae sp. n. (USA), Sc. awanatae sp. n. (USA), Sc. awinitae sp. n. (USA, Canada), Sc. catoriae sp. n. (USA), Sc. chenoae sp. n. (USA), Sc. inesae sp. n. (USA), Sc. itumae sp. n. (USA), Sc. miakodae sp. n. (USA), Sc. praealawae sp. n. (USA), Sc. praeawanatae sp. n. (USA), Sc. subawanatae sp. n. (USA), Sc. subdendrotica sp. n. (Canada), Sc. subfratercula sp. n. (Canada), Sc. subgrossa (USA), Sc. subitumae sp. n. (USA), Sc. submiakodae sp. n. (USA) and Sc. tricuspidatula sp. n. (USA).

        The following five species are new for North America: Scatopsciara curviforceps Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936, Sc. geophila Tuomikoski, 1960, Sc. neglecta Menzel & Mohrig 1998, Sc. subciliata Tuomikoski, 1960 and Sc. ventrospinula Mohrig & Mamaev, 1983. Six species, included in Corynoptera so far were transferred to the genus Scatopsciara. These are Sc. armigera (Vilkamaa & Hippa, 2006), Sc. fratercula (Vilkamaa & Hippa, 2006), Sc. robustior (Vilkamaa & Hippa, 2006), Sc. vagula (Tuomikoski, 1960), Sc. fera (Mohrig & Heller, 1992) (in Heller & Mohrig, 1992) and Sc. nyxa (Mohrig & Menzel, 1992).

 

References

  1. Bukowski, W. & Lengersdorf, F. (1936) Neue Lycoriiden-Arten aus der Krim. Konowia, 15 (1–2), 106–112.

    Frey, R. (1942) Entwurf einer neuen Klassifikation der Mückenfamilie (Sciaridae, Lycoriidae). Notulae Entomologicae, 22, 5–44.

    Frey, R. (1948) Entwurf einer neuen Klassifikation der Mückenfamilie (Sciaridae, Lycoriidae). II. Die nordeuropäischen Arten. Notulae Entomologicae - 27 (2–4), 33–112.

    Heller, K. & Mohrig, W. (1992) Neue Sciariden (Diptera) aus Schleswig-Holstein. Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte, 36 (1), 37–42.

    Hippa H. & Vilkamaa, P. (1991) The genus Prosciara Frey (Diptera, Sciaridae). Entomologica Fennica, 2 (3), 113–155.

    Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (1997) 2.6. Family Sciaridae. In: Papp, L. & Darvas, B. (Eds.), Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera (with special reference to flies of economic importance), Vol. 2. Nematocera and Lower Brachycera. Science Herald, Budapest, pp. 51–69.

    Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (1998) Beiträge zur Taxonomie und Faunistik der paläarktischen Trauermücken (Diptera, Sciaridae). Teil VI – Neue Ergebnisse aus Typenuntersuchungen und die daraus resultierenden taxonomisch-nomenklatorischen Konsequenzen. Studia dipterologica, 5 (2), 351–378.

    Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (2000) Revision der paläarktischen Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae). Studia dipterologica, Supplement 6 (1999) 1–761.

    Mohrig, W. (2003) Black fungus gnats of Central America. Part I. (Diptera, Sciaridae) Beiträge zur Entomologie, 53 (1), 1–69.

    Mohrig, W. (2004) Die Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae) von Papua- Neuguinea. Teil II - Gattungen Scytropochroa, Cratyna, Pseudozygomma, Epidapus, Hyperlasion, Corynoptera, Keilbachia, Scatopsciara, Pelliciplanta gen. nov. und Pseudozygomma. Studia dipterologica, 11, 129–174.

    Mohrig, W., Heller, K., Hippa, H., Vilkamaa, P. & Menzel, F. (2013) Revision of the Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Scaridae) of North America. Studia dipterologica, 19 (1/2), 141–286.

    Mohrig, W., Mamaev, B.M. & Krivosheina, N. (1979) Neue holzverwertende Sciariden (Diptera) aus der UdSSR. Zoologische Jahrbücher Systematik, 106, 572–588.

    Mohrig, W., Mamaev, B.M. & Krivosheina, N. (1983) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Trauermücken der Sowjetunion (Diptera, Sciaridae). Teil V. Sciariden aus Mittelasien. Zoologische Jahrbücher Systematik, 110, 141–155.

    Mohrig, W. & Menzel, F. (1992) Neue Arten europäischer Trauermücken (Diptera, Sciaridae). An International Journal of Dipterological Research, 3 (1–2), 1–16.

    Mohrig, W. & Menzel, F. (2009) 16. Sciaridae (Black Fungus Gnats). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.), 1. Manual of Central American Diptera. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 279–292.

    Mohrig, W., Krivosheina, N. & Mamaev, B.M. (1990) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Trauermücken der Sowjetunion (Diptera, Sciaridae). Teil XIV. Gattungen Plastosciara, Lycoriella und Scatopsciara. Zoologische Jahrbücher Systematik, 117 (1), 11–21.

    Rudzinski, H.G. (2004) Beiträge zur Trauermückenfauna Taiwans. Teil I: Gattung Scatopsciara Edwards, 1927 (Diptera Nematocera: Sciaridae). Entomofauna, 25 (2), 21–40.

    Steffan, W.A. (1974) Laboratory studies and ecological notes on Hawaiian Sciaridae (Diptera). Pacific Insects, 16 (1), 41–50.

    Tomruk, T. (2016) Welt-der-Indianer.de, Indianische Frauennamen. Available from: http://www.welt-der-indianer.de/verschiedenes/frauennamen/ (accessed 13 February 2016)

    Tonnoir, A.L. & Edwards, F.W. (1927) New Zealand Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Mycetophilidae). Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, 57, 747–878.

    Tuomikoski, R. (1960) Zur Kenntnis der Sciariden (Dipt.) Finnlands. Annales Zoologici Societatis Zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae „Vanamo“, 21 (4), 1–164.

    Vilkamaa, P. & Hippa, H. (2006) Corynoptera vagula Tuomikoski and allied species (Diptera: Sciaridae). Zootaxa, 1150. 31–42.

    Vilkamaa, P., Hippa, H. & Mohrig, W. (2012) The genus Scatopsciara Edwards (Diptera, Sciaridae) in New Caledonia, with the description of four new species. Zootaxa, 3591, 67–74.