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Type: Article
Published: 2016-08-19
Page range: 169–178
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Redescription of Pseudotropheus livingstonii and Pseudotropheus elegans from Lake Malaŵi, Africa

Ecosystem Science and Management, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802 Honorary Research Associate, South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown, South Africa.
Cichlid Press, El Paso, TX 79913. E-mail:
Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, Center for Quantitative Imaging, EMS Energy Institute, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802.
Pisces Ethmo-vomerine bloc mbuna Metriaclima lanisticola


Pseudotropheus livingstonii and P. elegans are two sand-dwelling cichlid species that belong to the so-called mbuna, a group of predominantly rock-dwelling haplochromines of Lake Malaŵi. The identity of these two species has confused taxonomists for almost a century until a recent rediscovery of representatives of P. elegans close to its type locality. New diagnoses for both species are provided.



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