Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Monograph
Published: 2016-11-25

New species and new records of Cumacea (Crustacea: Peracarida: Cumacea) from mesophotic reefs of Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands, Caribbean Sea

Grigore Antipa’ National Museum of Natural History, Kiseleff 1, Bucharest 011341, Romania.
Crescent International School, Bario, Govindpur, Dhanbad 828109, Jharkhand, India.
Department of Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez Call Box 9000, Mayagüez, PR 00681, USA.
Crustacea Cumacea biodiversity Puerto Rico Nannastacidae Cumella new species

Abstract

The cumacean fauna of the Caribbean mesophotic reefs is remarkably rich but understudied. Herein, we present the description of 22 new species of the family Nannastacidae, including one from shallow reefs, 20 of them belonging to Cumella (Cumella) and two new species belonging to the subgenus Cumewingia. We have also included range extensions and new locations for ten previously known species of Cumella, two species in the genus Vaunthompsonia (family Bodotriidae) and one species in the genus Cubanocuma (family Nannastacidae). Taxonomic keys are provided for the western tropical Atlantic species of Cumella (Cumella) and Cumella (Cumewingia), separately for the adult males and females. Large sampling efforts and careful systematic studies, even in relatively well-characterized regions such as the Caribbean, can yield a surprising number of new discoveries. Our current findings emphasize our previous assertion that the mesophotic reefs are treasure troves of undiscovered benthic fauna and might be qualified as biodiversity hotspots.

 

References

  1. Băcescu, M. (1971) New Cumacea from the littoral waters of Florida (Caribbean Sea). Travaux Museum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 11, 5–24.

    Băcescu, M. (1992a) Cumacea II (Fam. Nannastacidae, Diastylidae, Pseudocumatidae, Gynodiastylidae et Ceratocumatidae). In: Gruner, H.E. & Holthuis, L.B. (Eds.), Crustaceorum Catalogue, Vol. 8. Academic Publishing, The Hague, pp. 175–468.

    Băcescu, M. (1992b) Deux espcés nouvelles de Cumella (Crustacea, Cumacea) des grottes sous- marines de Bermuda. Travaux Museum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 32, 257–262.

    Băcescu, M. & Muradian, Z. (1977a) Cubanocuma gutzui gen. et sp. n. (Cumacea, Nannastacidae) from the tropical western Atlantic. Revue Roumaine de Biologie, Série de Biologie Animale, 22 (1), 3–9.

    Băcescu, M. & Muradian, Z. (1977b) Species of the genus Cumella (Cumacea, Nannastacidae) from the Western tropical Atlantic. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 18, 89–101.

    Băcescu, M. & Petrescu, I. (1999) Ordre des Cumacés, In: Traité de Zoologie. Crustacés Péracarides, 7 (3A). Memoires de l’Institute Oceanographique Monaco, 19, 391–428.

    Bate, S. (1858) On the genus Scorpionura. Natural History Review, 5, 202–205.

    Calman, W.T. (1905) The marine fauna of the West Coast of Ireland, Part IV. Cumacea. Fisheries, Ireland, Scientific Investigations, 1904, I, 1905, 1–52.

    Calman, W.T. (1907) On new and rare Crustacea of the Order Cumacea from the collection of the Copenhagen Museum. Part I. The Families Bodotriidae, Vaunthompsoniidae and Leuconidae. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 18 (1), 6–5, 29.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10422

    Calman, W.T. (1911) On new or rare Crustacea of the Order Cumacea from the collection of the Copenhagen Museum, Part II. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 18, 341–399. Day, J. (1975) South African Cumacea. Part I. Family Bodotriidae, subfamily Vaunthompsoniinae. Annals of the South African Museum, 66 (9), 201–202.

    Corgosinho, P.H.C. & Schizas, N.V. (2013) Archeolourinia shermani, a new genus and species of Louriniidae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from a Caribbean mesophotic zone. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93, 651-657.
    http://dx.doi:10.1017/S0025315412001336

    Fage, L. (1928) Voyage de la goélette "Mélita" au Sénégal (1889–1890). Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France. 53, 331–339.

    Fage, L. (1951) Cumacés. Faune de France, 54, 24–26.

    Gamô, S. (1962) On the cumacean Crustacea from Tanabe Bay, Kii Peninsula. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 10, 153–210.

    Gamô, S. (1967) Studies on the Cumacea (Crustacea, Malacostraca) of Japan. Part II. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 15, 245–274.

    Guerra-Garcia J.M., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2015) New genus and new species of Caprellidae (Crustacea: Peracarida: Amphipoda) from mesophotic coral ecosystems of Puerto Rico and St. Croix, Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 4018 (1), 80–96.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4018.1.4

    Hale, H.H. (1945) Australian Cumacea. No. 9. The Family Nannastacidae. Records of the South Australian Museum, 8 (2), 145–218.

    Hansen, H.J. (1895) III. Ordnung: Cumacea. In: Isopoden, Cumaceen und Stomatopoden der Plankton Expedition --- Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung, 2, pp. 52– 63.

    Hansen, H.J. (1920) The Danish Ingolf Expedition. Crustacea Malacostraca 4. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen University, 3, 1–86.

    Heard, R.W., Martin, J.W., Hansknecht, T.J. & Cadien, D.B. (2006) New records for Cubanocuma gutzui Băcescu and Muradian, 1977 (Crustacea: Cumacea: Nannastacidae) from the Western Atlantic. Gulf and Caribbean Research, 18, 47-–51.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.18785/gcr.1801.06

    Heard, R.W., Roccatagliata, D.C. & Petrescu, I. (2007) An illustrated guide to Cumacea (Crustacea: Malacostraca: Peracarida) from Florida coastal and shelf waters to depths of 100 m. Department of Environmental Protection. Tallahassee, Florida, pp. 175.

    Jones, N.S. (1960) Cumacea from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 2 (13), 171–180.

    Jones, N.S. (1969) The systematics and distributions of Cumacea from depths exceeding 200 meters. Galathea Report, 10, 99–180.

    Kahng, S.E., Garcia-Sais, J.R., Spalding, H.L., Brokovich, E., Wagner, D., Weil, E., Hinderstein, L. & Toonen, R.J. (2010) Community ecology of mesophotic coral reef ecosystems. Coral Reefs, 29, 255–275.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-010-0593-6

    Kang, B.J. & Lee, K.S. (1995) Two new species of the family Bodotriidae (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Cumacea) from Korea. Korean Journal of Zoology, 38, 537–540.

    Ledoyer, M. (1983) Contribution à l'écologie de la faune vagile profonde de la Méditerranénee nord-occidentale 2. Les Cumacés (Crustacea). Tethys, 11 (1), 67–81.

    Markham, J.C. & Sterrer, W. (1986) Order Cumacea. In: Sterrer, W. (Ed.), Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, pp. 362–364.

    Martín, A., Díaz, Y., Miloslavich, P., Escobar-Briones, E., Guerra-García, J.M., Ortiz, M., Valencia, B., Giraldo, A. & Klein, E. (2013) Regional Diversity of Amphipoda in the Caribbean Sea. International Journal of Tropical Biology, 61, 1681–1720.

    Menza, C., Kendall, M. & Hile, S. (2008) The deeper we go the less we know. Revista de Biología Tropical, 56, 11–24.

    Norman, A.M. (1863) Report on the Crustacea of the dredging expedition Doggerbank. Transactions of the Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club, 5, 263–280.

    Norman, A.M. (1869) Shetland Final Dredging Report.—Part II. On the Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Hydrozoa, and Porifera. Report of the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 247–336.

    Norman, A.M. (1879) Crustacea Cumacea of the 'Lightning', 'Porcupine' & 'Valorous' expeditions. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 3, 54–73.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222937908682476

    Ortiz, M. & Lalana, R. (1988) Lista de species y bibliografia de los crustaceos de Cuba. II. Cirripedia, Phyllocarida, Pancarida, Mysidacea, Tanaidacea y Cumacea. Revista de Investigaciones marinas, 9 (2), 11–19.

    Pešić, V., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2012) A new species of Pontarachna (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Pontarachnidea) from a mesophotic coral ecosystem off Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 3440, 63–67.

    Pešić, V., Chatterjee, T., Alfaro, M. & Schizas, N.V. (2014) A new species of Litarachna (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Pontarachnidae) from a Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystem with notes on a littoral Litarachna sp. ZooKeys, 425, 89–97.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.425.8110

    Petrescu, I. (1990) Campylaspis cousteaui, a new cumacean species from the submarine caves of Bermuda. Revue Roumaine de BiologieBiologie Animale, 35 (1), 9–12.

    Petrescu, I. (1992) The catalogue of the type material of the order Cumacea (Crustacea) from the collections of the “Grigore Antipa” Museum of Natural History (Bucharest). Travaux du Museum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 32, 267–282.

    Petrescu, I. (1996) Cumacean (Crustacea: Cumacea) from Abaco Island (Bahamas). Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 36, 157–183.

    Petrescu, I. (1997) Cumacea, In: Results of the zoological expedition organized by “Grigore Antipa” Museum in the Indonesian archipelago (1991) I. Peracarida. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 38, 115–175.

    Petrescu, I. (2002) Cumacea (Crustacea: Peracarida) from Belize. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 64, 141–203.

    Petrescu, I. (2003) Cumacea (Crustacea: Peracarida) from western tropical Atlantic. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 45, 117–128.

    Petrescu, I. (2004) New mentions of cumaceans (Crustacea: Cumacea) in Cuba. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 47, 89–95.

    Petrescu, I. (2008) Redescriptions of the species Cyclaspis goesi (Sars, 1873), Cyclaspis unicornis Calman, 1907 and the description of a new species: Cyclaspis mihaibacescui n. sp. (Crustacea: Cumacea) from the Caribbean Sea. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 41, 79–96.

    Petrescu, I. & Heard, R.W. (2001) Normjonesia danieli, new genus and species from the Southwestern Florida shelf. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 21 (2), 469–474.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990148

    Petrescu, I. & Heard, R.W. (2004) Cumaceans (Crustacea, Peracarida) from Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 721, 1–12.

    Petrescu, I. & Iliffe, T.M. (1992) Contributions to the knowledge of the cumacean species (Crustacea, Cumacea) of British blue holes (Andros Island, Bahamas Islands). Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 32, 283–301.

    Petrescu, I. & Iliffe, T.M. (2009) New species of Cumacea (Crustacea: Peracarida: Cumacea) from Bahamas. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 42, 127–141.

    Petrescu, I. & Sterrer, W. (2001) Cumacea (Crustacea) from shallow waters of Bermuda. Annalen Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 103B, 89–128.

    Petrescu, I., Iliffe, T.M. & Sarbu, S. (1993) Contributions to the knowledge of Cumacea (Crustacea) from the littoral waters of Jamaica Island, including the descriptions of three new species. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 33, 373–395.

    Petrescu, I., Iliffe, T.M. & Sarbu, S. (1994) Contributions to the knowledge of the cumaceans (Crustacea) from Jamaica II. Five new species of the genus Cumella. Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle “Grigore Antipa”, 34, 347–367.

    Petrescu, I., Heard, R.W., Vargas, R. & Breedy, O. (2009) Cumaceans. In: Ingo S. Wehrtmann & Jorge Cortés (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica Central America. Monographiae biologicae, 86, pp. 237–244.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8278-8_21

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2012) New genus and new species of Cumacea (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the mesophotic coral ecosystem of SW Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 3476, 55–61.

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2013) Two new species of the genus Cumella (Crustacea: Cumacea: Nannastacidae) associated with mesophotic reefs of Puerto Rico and St. Croix, Caribbean Sea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 54 (2), 257–262.

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2014a) New species of Cumella (Crustacea: Cumacea: Nannastacidae) from mesophotic habitats of Mona Island, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 55, 183–189.

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2014b) Three new Nannastacidae (Crustacean: Cumacea) species from a Caribbean mesophotic ecosystem. Zootaxa, 3765 (4), 360–370.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3765.4.4

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2014c) New records of Bodotriidae (Crustacea: Cumacea) from Puerto Rico with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa, 3873 (5), 526–540.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.5.4

    Petrescu, I., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2016) A new species of the genus Campylaspis (Crustacea: Cumacea) from the mesophotic reefs of St. John, US Virgin Islands. Caribbean Journal of Science, 49 (1), 17–26.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.18475/cjos.v49i1.a3

    Sars, G.O. (1879) Nye bidrag til Kundskaben om Middelhavets Invertebratfauna. II Middelhavets Cumaceer. Archiv Mathematik for Naturvidenskab. Kristiania, 13–22.

    Schizas N.V., Dahms, H.U., Kangtia, P., Corgosinho, P.H.C. & Galindo Estronza, A. (2015) A new species of Longipedia Claus, 1863 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Longipediidae) from Caribbean mesophotic reefs with remarks on the phylogenetic affinities of Polyarthra. Marine Biology Research, 11 (8), 789–803.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2015.1013556

    Senna, A.R., Sorrentino, R., Chatterjee, T. & Schizas, N.V. (2014) A new species of Boca Lowry & Stoddart, 1997 (Amphipoda: Lysianassoidea: Aristiidae) from a mesophotic coral ecosystem off Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 3884 (5), 429–436.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3884.5.3

    Sherman, C., Nemeth, M., Ruíz, H., Bejarano, I., Appeldoorn, R., Pagán, F., Schärer, M. & Weil, E. (2010) Geomorphology and benthic cover of mesophotic coral ecosystems of the upper insular slope of southwest Puerto Rico. Coral Reefs, 29, 347–360.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-010-0607-4

    Spalding, M.D. (2004) A guide to the coral reefs of the Caribbean. Berkeley University, California Press, 256 pp.

    Stebbing, T.R.R. (1893) Chapter XX. Order II.—Edriophthalma. Sub-order I. Cumacea. In: Stebbing, T.R.R., A History of Crustacea/Recent Malacostraca. International Science Series, No. 71. D. Appleton and Company, New York, pp. 291–313.

    Stebbing, T.R.R. (1912) The Sympoda, Part 6. Annals of the South African Museum, 10, 129–176.

    Stebbing, T.R.R. (1913) Cumacea. Das Tierreich, 39, 1–210.

    Thompson, W. (1856) The Natural History of Ireland. In Four Volumes. Vol. IV. Mammalia, Reptiles, and Fishes. Also Invertebrata. Henry G. Bohn, London. p. 394.

    Zimmer, C. (1909) Die Cumaceen der schwedischen Südpolarexpedition.– Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition (1901–1903), 6 (3), 1–31.

    Zimmer, C. (1940) Die verbreitung der Cumaceen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 9 (2), 226–313.

    Zimmer, C. (1941) Cumacea. In: Bronn, H.G. (Ed.), Klassen und Ordung en des Tierreichs. Becker & Erler Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig, pp. 1–222.

    Zimmer, C. (1944) Cumaceen des tropischen Westatlantiks. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 144, 121–137.