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Article
Published: 2016-11-27

Revision of the South American genus Tetragonopterus Cuvier, 1816 (Teleostei: Characidae) with description of four new species

Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Prof. Dr. Antonio C. W. Zanin, s/n, Rubião Jr, 18618-689, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Prof. Dr. Antonio C. W. Zanin, s/n, Rubião Jr, 18618-689, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Prof. Dr. Antonio C. W. Zanin, s/n, Rubião Jr, 18618-689, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Prof. Dr. Antonio C. W. Zanin, s/n, Rubião Jr, 18618-689, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
Pisces Amazon basin Characiformes DNA barcode Moenkhausia Neotropical region

Abstract

The systematics of the characid genus Tetragonopterus is reviewed based on morphological and molecular data of specimens from its entire geographical range encompassing all major South American river drainages from Orinoco basin southward to the La Plata basin. Eight previously described species (T. anostomus, T. araguaiensis, T. argenteus, T. carvalhoi, T. chalceus, T. denticulatus, T. georgiae n. comb., and T. rarus) are recognized as valid, four of which are redescribed (T. argenteus, T. chalceus, T. georgiae, and T. rarus), and four new species from the Brazilian Shield in the Amazon and São Francisco river basins are herein described. We also provide evidence for the reallocation of Moenkhausia georgiae into Tetragonopterus and recognize T. akamai as junior synonym of T. anostomus. DNA barcodes of Tetragonopterus revealed genetic support for each recognized species and provided valuable population-level information within T. argenteus, T. chalceus, T. georgiae, and T. rarus.

 

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