Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2016-11-29

Consolidated Checklist of Hard Corals of the Genus Acropora Oken, 1815 (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) in North Borneo, East Malaysia

Biotechnology Research Institute
Biotechnology Research Institute
Biotechnology Research Institute
Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Malaysia.
Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Malaysia.
Biotechnology Research Institute
Coelenterata staghorn corals species checklist Sabah Labuan East Malaysia

Abstract

Acropora is the most biologically diverse group of reef-building coral, and its richness peaks at the Indo-Malay-Philippine Archipelago, the centre of global coral reef biodiversity. In this paper, we describe the species richness of Acropora fauna of North Borneo, East Malaysia, based on review of literature and as corroborated by voucher specimens. Eighty-three species of Acropora are reported here; four species are literature based and 79 are supported by voucher specimens that were subsequently photographed. New records for North Borneo were recorded for 12 species, including Acropora suharsonoi Wallace 1994 that was previously thought to be confined to a few islands along Lombok Strait, Indonesia. The diversity of Acropora in North Borneo is comparable to that of Indonesia and the Philippines, despite the area’s smaller reef areas. This further reinforces its inclusion as part the global hotspot of coral biodiversity.

 

References

  1. Amri, A.Y., Tajuddin, B.H., Lee, L.Y., Adzis, K.A.A. & Yusuf, Y. (2005) Scleractinian coral diversity of Kg Tekek, Pulau Tioman Marine Park. In: Proceedings of the Second Regional Symposium on Environment and Natural Resources. Vol. 2. Natural Resource Utilisation and Environmental Preservation: Issues and Challenges. Kuala Lumpur, pp. 20–31.

    Barber, P.H., Ablan-Lagman, M.C.A., Ambariyanto, Berlinck, R.G.S., Cahyani, D., Crandall, E.D., Ravago-Gotanco, R., Juinio-Meñez, M.A., Mahardika, I.G.N., Shanker, K., Starger, C.J., Toha, A.H.A., Anggoro, A.W. & Willette, D.A. (2014) Advancing biodiversity research in developing countries: the need for changing paradigms. Bulletin of Marine Science, 90 (1), 1–24.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5343/bms.2012.1108

    Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890) Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. Journal of Natural History, 6 (35), 353–374, 443–458.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050

    Bellwood, D.R., Hughes, T.P., Folke, C. & Nyström, M. (2004) Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature, 429, 827–833.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02691

    Brook, G. (1891) Descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8, 458–471.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222939109459223

    Brook, G. (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 10, 451–465.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222939208677447

    Brook, G. (1893) The genus Madrepora. Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History), 1, 1–212.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11375

    Brüggemann, F. (1879) Ueber die Korallen der Insel Ponapé. Journal du Museum Godefroy, Hamburg, 14, 201–212. [in German]

    Burke, L., Reytar, K., Spalding, M. & Perry, A. (2011) Reefs at risk revisited. World Resources Institute, Washington DC, 114 pp.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/meq.2011.08322daa.003

    Burke, L., Selig, E. & Spalding, M. (2002) Reefs at risk in Southeast Asia. World Resources Institute, Washington DC, 72 pp.

    Carpenter, K.E., Abrar, M., Aeby, G., Aronson, R.B., Banks, S., Bruckner, A., Chiriboga, A., Cortés, J., Delbeek, J.C., DeVantier, L., Edgar, G.J., Edwards, A.J., Fenner, D., Guzmán, H.M., Hoeksema, B.W., Hodgson, G., Johan, O., Licuanan, W.Y., Livingstone, S.R., Lovell, E.R., Moore, J.A., Obura, D.O., Ochavillo, D., Polidoro, B.A., Precht, W.F., Quibilan, M.C., Reboton, C., Richards, Z.T., Rogers, A.D., Sanciangco, J., Sheppard, A., Sheppard, C., Smith, J., Stuart, S., Turak, E., Veron, J.E.N., Wallace, C., Weil, E. & Wood, E. (2008) One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science, 321 (560), 560–563.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196

    Chankong, A. & Manthachitra, V. (2013) Community structure of Acropora corals in the Gulf of Thailand. Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies, Special Issue, 92–100.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3755/galaxea.15.92

    Chelliah, A., Amar, H.B., Hyde, J., Yewdall, K., Steinberg, P.D. & Guest, J.R. (2015) First record of multi-species synchronous spawning from Malaysia. PeerJ, 3, 8–8 .
    http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.777

    Crossland, C. (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific reports of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928–29. British Museum (Natural History), 6, 85–257.

    Dana, J.D. (1846) Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition. C. Sherman, Philadelphia, 740 pp.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.70845

    Ditlev, H. (2003) New scleractinian corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from Sabah, North Borneo. Description of one new genus and eight new species, with notes on their taxonomy and ecology. Zoologische Mededelingen, 77, 193–219.

    Ditlev, H., De Silva, M.W.R.N., Ridzwan, A.R., Toerring, D. & Widt, S. (1999) Hard corals of Darvel Bay. In: De Silva, R.W., Ridzwan A.R., Saleem, M. & Cabanban, A.S. (Eds.), Ekspedisi Galaxea 98: A Study of Living Marine Resources of Darvel Bay, Sabah, Malaysia. Borneo Marine Research Unit, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, pp. 51–71.

    Edwards, H.M. & Haime, J. (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits. Vol. 3. Paris, 560 pp. [In French].
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11574

    Ehrenberg, C.G. (1834) Beiträge zur physiologischen kenntniss der corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem versuche zur physiologischen systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1, 225–380. [in German]

    Fenner, D. (2001b) Reef corals of Banggi area reefs, Sabah, Malaysia. Available from: http://www.reefbase.org/resource_center/publication/main.aspx?refid=12673 (accessed 12 July 2015)

    Fenner, D. (2001a) Reef corals of Miri area reefs, Sarawak, Malaysia. Available from: http://www.reefbase.org/resource_center/publication/main.aspx?refid=77483 (accessed 12 July 2015)

    Fransen, C.H.J.M. (2012) Palaemonoid shrimps. In: Kassem, K., Hoeksema, B.W. & Affendi, Y.A. (Eds.), Semporna Marine Ecological Expedition: WWF-Malaysia project report with NCB Naturalis and Universiti Malaysia Sabah. WWF-Malaysia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, pp. 65–72.

    Glynn, P.W. (1993) Coral reef bleaching: ecological perspectives. Coral Reefs, 12, 1–17.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00303779

    Harborne, A., Fenner, D., Barnes, A., Beger, M., Harding, S. & Roxburgh, T. (2000) Status report on the coral reefs of the east coast of Peninsula Malaysia. Coral Cay Conservation Ltd., London, 88 pp.

    Huang, D., Licuanan, W.Y., Hoeksema, B.W., Chen, C.A., Ang, P.O., Huang, H., Lane, D.J.W., Vo, S.T., Waheed, Z., Affendi, Y.A., Yeemin, T. & Chou, L.M. (2015) Extraordinary diversity of reef corals in the South China Sea. Marine Biodiversity, 45, 157–168.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-014-0236-1

    Huang, D., Tun, K.P.P., Chou, L.M. & Todd, P.A. (2009) An inventory of zooxanthellate scleractinian corals in Singapore, including 33 new records. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 22, 69–80.

    Kageyama, M., Monk, R.R., Bradley, R.D., Edson, G.F. & Baker, R.J. (2007) The changing significance and definition of the biological voucher. In: Williams, S.L. & Hawks, C.A. (Eds.), Museum studies: perspectives and innovations. Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Washington DC, pp. 257–264.

    Kassem, K., Hoeksema, B.W. & Affendi, Y.A. (Eds.), (2012) Semporna Marine Ecological Expedition: WWF-Malaysia project report with NCB Naturalis and Universiti Malaysia Sabah. WWF-Malaysia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, 267 pp.

    Kosal, M. (2004) Biodiversity of Cambodia’s wetlands. In: Torell, M., Salamanca, A.M. & Ratner, B.D. (Eds.), Wetlands management in Cambodia: socioeconomic, ecological, and policy perspectives. WorldFish Center, Penang, pp. 14–16.

    Lamarck, J.-B.M.de. (1816) Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Verdière, 568 pp. [in French]

    Latypov, Y.Y. (1992) Korally skleraktinii V'etnama. Ch. II. Akroporidy. Moscow, pp. 1-132. [in Russian]

    Latypov, Y.Y. (2011) Scleractinian corals and reefs of Vietnam as a part of the Pacific reef ecosystem. Open Journal of Marine Science, 1 (2), 50–68.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojms.2011.12006

    Licuanan, W.Y. & Capili, E.B. (2004) New records of stony corals from the Philippines previously known from peripheral areas of the Indo-Pacific. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 52 (2), 285–288.

    Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius, Stockholm, 824 pp. [in Latin]
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

    Lirman, D., Schopmeyer, S., Galvan, V., Drury, C., Baker, A.C. & Baums, I.B. (2014) Growth dynamics of the threatened Caribbean staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis: influence of host genotype, symbiont identity, colony size, and environmental setting. PLoS ONE, 9 (9), 9–9.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107253

    McIntosh, R.P. (1967) An index of diversity and the relation of certain concepts to diversity. Ecology, 48 (3), 392–404.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1932674

    Miller, J., Sweet, M.J., Wood, E. & Bythell, J. (2015) Baseline coral disease surveys within three marine parks in Sabah, Borneo. PeerJ, 3, 13–13.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1391

    Muir, P., Wallace, C., Bridge, T.C.L. & Bongaerts, P. (2015) Diverse staghorn coral fauna on the mesophotic reefs of north-east Australia. PLoS ONE, 10 (2), 17–17.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117933

    Nemenzo, F. (1967) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin of the University of the Philippines, 23, 142–185.

    Nemenzo, F. (1971) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines, 23, 141–209.

    Nemenzo, F. (1976) Some new Philippine scleractinian reef corals. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines, 28, 229–276.

    Nemenzo, F. (1981a) Guide to Philippine flora and fauna Vol. II: corals. Ministry of Natural Resources, Manila, 320 pp.

    Nemenzo, F. (1981b) Studies on the systematics of scleractinian corals in the Philippines. In: Gomez, C.E. Birkeland, R.W. Buddemeier, R.E. Johannes, J.A. Marsh, Jr. et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium. Vol. 1. Marine Sciences Center, University of the Philippines, Manila, pp. 25–32.

    Ow, Y.X. & Todd, P.A. (2010) Light-induced morphological plasticity in the scleractinian coral Goniastrea pectinata and its functional significance. Coral Reefs, 29 (3), 797–808.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-010-0631-4

    Pilcher, N. & Cabanban, A. (2000) The status of coral reefs in Eastern Malaysia. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, 57 pp.

    Pillai, C.S.G. & Scheer, G. (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart, 43 (126), 1–83.

    Quelch, J.J. (1886) Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology, 16 (3), 1–203.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6513

    Reef Check Malaysia (2015) Status of coral reefs in Malaysia, 2015. Reef Check Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 94 pp.

    Spalding, M.D., Ravilious, C. & Green, E.P. (2001) World atlas of coral reefs. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the University of California Press, Los Angeles, 424 pp.

    Studer, T. (1878) Zweite Abtheilung der Anthozoa Polyactinia, welche wahrend der Reise S.M.S. Corvette Gazelle u die Erde gesammelt wurden. Monatsbericht der Königlich-Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, pp. 625-655. [in German]

    Todd, P.A. (2008) Morphological plasticity in scleractinian corals. Biological Reviews, 83 (2), 315–337.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185x.1935.tb00481.x

    Toda, T., Okashita, T., Maekawa, T. Adzis, K.A.A., Rajuddin, M.K.M., Nakajima, R., Chen, W., Takahashi, K.T., Ross, H.O. & Terazaki, M. (2007) Community structures of coral reefs around Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Oceanography, 63, 113–123.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10872-007-0009-6

    Tun, K., Chou, L.M., Yeemin, T., Phongsuwan, N, Amri, Y.A., Ho, N., Sour, K., Long, N.V., Nanola, C., Lane, D. & Tuti, Y. (2008) Status of corals reefs in Southeast Asia. In: Wilkinson, C. (Eds.), Status of coral reefs of the world: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre, Townsville, pp. 131–144.

    Veron, J.E.N. (1985) New Scleractinia from Australian coral reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum, 12 (1), 147–183.

    Veron, J.E.N. (1990) New Scleractinia from Japan and other Indo-West Pacific countries. Galaxea, 9, 95–173.

    Veron, J.E.N. (2000) Corals of the world. Vol. 1. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, 463 pp.

    Veron, J.E.N. (2002) New species described in corals of the world: Acroporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series, 11, 7–69.

    Veron, J.E.N. & Wallace, C.C. (1984) Scleractinia of Eastern Australia - Part V. Family Acroporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series, 6, 1–485.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60641

    Veron, J.E.N., Devantier, L.M., Turak, E., Green, A.L., Kininmonth, S., Stafford-Smith, M. & Peterson, N. (2009) Delineating the Coral Triangle. Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies, 11, 91–100.
    http://doi.org/10.3755/galaxea.11.91

    Veron, J.E.N., DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., Green, A.L., Kininmonth, S., Stafford-Smith, M. & Peterson, N. (2011) The Coral Triangle. In: Dubinsky, Z. & Stambler, N. (Eds.), Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg, London/New York, pp. 47–55.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0114-4_5

    Verrill, A.E. (1864) List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 1, 29–60.

    Verrill, A.E. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rogers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, naturalist to the expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Pt. 3: Madreporaria. Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 5 (3), 17–50.

    Verrill, A.E. (1870) Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem, 6 (1), 51–104.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/270634

    Verrill, A.E. (1902) Notes on corals of the genus Acropora (Madrepora Lam.) with new descriptions and figures of types, and of several new species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 11, 207–266.

    Vollmer, S.V. & Palumbi, S.R. (2002) Hybridization and the evolution of reef coral diversity. Science, 296, 2023–2025.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1069524

    Waheed Z. & Hoeksema, B.W. (2013) A tale of two winds: species richness patterns of reef corals around the Semporna peninsula, Malaysia. Marine Biodiversity, 43 (1), 37–51.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-012-0130-7

    Waheed Z. & Hoeksema, B.W. (2014). Diversity patterns of Scleractinian corals at Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, in relation to exposure and depth. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 66–82.

    Waheed, Z., Benzoni, F., van der Meij, S.E.T., Terraneo, T.I. & Hoeksema, B.W. (2015b) Scleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905). ZooKeys, 517, 1–37.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.517.9308

    Waheed, Z., van Mil, H.G.J., Muhammad Ali, S.H., Jumin, R., Ahad, B.G. & Hoeksema, B.W. (2015a) Coral reefs at the northernmost tip of Borneo: an assessment of scleractinian species richness patterns and benthic reef assemblages. PLoS ONE, 10 (12), 25–25.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146006

    Wallace, C.C. (1994) New species and a new species-group of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) from Indo-Pacific locations. Invertebrate Taxonomy, 8, 961–988.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/it9940961

    Wallace, C.C. (1997) New species and new records of recently described species of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) from Indonesia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 120, 27–50.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1997.tb01271.x

    Wallace, C.C. (1999) Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 421 pp.

    Wallace, C.C. & Muir, P.R. (2006) Biodiversity of the Indian Ocean from the perspective of staghorn corals (Acropora spp). Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 4 (1), 42–49.

    Wallace, C.C. & Wolstenholme, J. (1998) Revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) in Indonesia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 123, 199–384.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1998.tb01302.x

    Wallace, C.C., Done, B.J. & Muir, P.R. (2012a) Revision and catalogue of worldwide staghorn corals Acropora and Isopora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) in the Museum of Tropical Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum - Nature, 57, 1–255.

    Wallace, C.C., Phongsuwan, N. & Muir, P.R. (2012b) A new species of staghorn coral, Acropora sirikitiae sp. nov. (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) from western Thailand. Phuket Marine Biology Center Research Bulletin, 71, 117–124.

    Wells, J.W. (1954) Recent corals of the Marshall Islands. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Papers, 260-I, 385–486.

    Wood, E.M. & Tan, B.S. (1987) The coral reefs of the Bodgaya Islands (Sabah: Malaysia) and Pulau Sipadan. Malayan Nature Journal, 40, 189–224.

    Yeemin, T., Pengsakun, S., Yucharoen, M., Klinthong, W., Sangmanee, K. & Sutthacheep, M. (2013) Long-term decline in Acropora species at Kut Island, Thailand, in relation to bleaching events. Marine Biodiversity, 43, 23–29.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-012-0138-z

How to Cite

ROBERT, R., LEE, D. J. H., RODRIGUES, K. F., HUSSEIN, M. A. S., WAHEED, Z., & KUMAR, S. V. (2016). Consolidated Checklist of Hard Corals of the Genus <em>Acropora</em> Oken, 1815 (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) in North Borneo, East Malaysia. Zootaxa, 4200(2), 259–304. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4200.2.2