Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2017-01-26

Annotated checklist of Orthoptera from Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve, Tanzania with the description of new species and discussion of the biogeographic patterns of threatened species

Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt (Main), Germany.
Orthoptera new species new genera lowland wet forest East Africa checklist


A checklist of Ensifera and Acridomorpha of Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve, Kisarawe near Dar es Salaam is given and eight new Tettigoniidae species described. These are the Agraeciini species Afroagraecia kisarawe n. sp., the Meconematinae species Phlugidia kisarawe n. sp., and the female of Aerotegmina megaloptera (Hexacentrinae). The Phaneropterinae species Dioncomena scutellata n. sp. is known at present only from two localities, the Pugu Hills near Dar es Salaam and Kwamgumi forest reseve on the foothills of the East Usambara Mountains. Two new Eurycorypha species, E. annexata n. sp. and E. ligata n. sp. are described from the area known at present only from the male sex. A second species is described in the genus Lunidia Hemp, L. acuticercata n. sp. Two new Phaneropterinae genera are erected on Pseudopreussia flavifolia n. gen. n. sp. and Materuana ericki n. gen. n. sp., species of wet lowland forest along coastal Tanzania and forest reserves in the East Usambara and on the foothills of the Uluguru Mountains.

Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve is severly threatened by encroachment and deforestation although it is recognized as belonging to the oldest surviving forests of the world.



  1. Burgess, N. & Dickinson, A. (1993) FRONTIER Tanzania, Coastal Forest Research Programme. Kazimzumbwi forest, Kisarawe District, Tanzania. Technical Report 19 pp.

    Burgess, N.D., Butynski, T.M., Cordeiro, N.J., Doggart, N.H., Fjeldså, J., Howell, K.M., Kilahama, F.B., Loader, S.P., Lovett, J.C., Mbilinyi, B., Menegon, M., Moyer, D.C., Nashanda, E., Perkin, A., Rovero, F., Stanley, W.T. & Stuart, S.N. (2007) The biological importance of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and Kenya. Biological Conservation, 134, 209–231.

    Cigliano, M.M. & Eades, D. (2010) New technologies challenge the future of Taxonomy in Orthoptera. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 19 (1), 15–18.

    Descamps, M. (1977) Monographie des Thericleidae (Orthoptera Acridomorpha Eumastacoidea). Musee Royal de L´Afrique Centrale – Tervuren, Belgique Annales, Serie In-8°, Sciences Zoologiques, 216, 1–1-475.

    Eades, D.C., D. Otte, M., Cigliano, M. & Braun, H. (2016) Orthoptera Species File. Version 5.0/5.0. [16.10.2016]. Avaliable from: (Accessed 25 Jan. 2017)

    Heller, K.-G. & Hemp, C. (2014) Fiddler on the tree a bush-cricket species with unusual stridulatory organs and song. PLOS 01/2014, 9 (3), e92366.

    Hemp C., Heller K.-G., Kehl S., Warchałowska-Śliwa E., Wägele, J.W. & Hemp, A. (2010a) The Phlesirtes complex (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae, Conocephalini) reviewed: integrating morphological, molecular, chromosomal, and bioacoustic data. Systematic Entomology, 35, 554–580.

    Hemp C., Heller K.-G., Warchałowska-Śliwa, E. & Hemp, A. (2010b) Lunidia, a new genus of African Phaneropterinae (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Organisms, Diversity and Evolution, 10 (3), 215–226.

    Hemp, C. (2005a) The Chagga Home Gardens – relict areas for endemic Saltatoria Species (Insecta: Orthoptera) on Mt. Kilimanjaro. Biological Conservation, 125, 203–210.

    Hemp, C. (2005b) The influence of fire on Saltatoria diversity in coastal habitats near Pangani, Tanzania (East Africa). Ecotropica, 11, 53–61.

    Hemp, C. (2009) Annotated list of Caelifera (Orthoptera) of Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 18 (2), 183–214.

    Hemp, C. (2013a) Annotated list of Tettigoniidae (Orthoptera) from the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania and new Tettigoniidae species from East Africa. Zootaxa, 3737 (4), 301–350.

    Hemp, C. (2013b) Annotated list of Ensifera (Orthoptera) and further records on Caelifera (Orthoptera) of Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Zootaxa, 3613 (4), 301–342.

    Hemp, C. (2013c) New Phlugidia species (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Meconematinae, Phlugidini) from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, Africa. Zootaxa, 3670 (3), 378–384.

    Hemp, C. (2013d) A new Lobosceliana Dirsh species (Orthoptera: Pamphagidae: Porthetinae) from coastal Tanzania, East Africa. Zootaxa, 3731 (2), 295–300.

    Hemp, C. (2016) The Eastern Arc Mountains and coastal forests of East Africa – an archive to understand large-scale biogeographical patterns: Pseudotomias, a new genus of African Pseudophyllinae (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Zootaxa, 4126 (4), 480 –490.

    Hemp, C., Heller, K.-G., Warchalowska-Sliva, E., Grzywacz, B. & Hemp A. (2013) Biogeography, ecology, acoustics and chromosomes of East African Eurycorypha Stål species (Orthoptera, Phaneropterinae) with the description of new species. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution, 13 (3), 373–395.

    Hemp, C., Heller, K.-G., Elżbieta Warchlowska-Sliwa, Grzywacz, B. & Hemp, A. (2015) Review of the Plangia graminea (Serville) complex and the description of new Plangia species from East Africa (Orthoptera: Phaneropteridae, Phaneropterinae) with data on habitat, bioacoustics and chromosomes. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution, 15 (3), 471–488.

    Hemp, C., Grzywacz, B., Warchałowska-Śliwa, E. & Hemp, A. (2016a) Topography and climatic fluctuations boosting speciation: biogeography and a molecular phylogeny of the East African genera Afroanthracites Hemp & Ingrisch and Afroagraecia Ingrisch & Hemp (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae, Agraeciini). Organism, Diversity and Evolution, 16 (1), 211–223.

    Hemp, C., Heller, K.-G., Warchałowska-Śliwa, E., Grzywacz, B. & Hemp, A. (2016b) Review of the East African species of the phaneropterine genus Parapyrrhicia (Insecta: Orthoptera): Secret communication of a forest bound taxon with data on morphology, ecology and chromosomes, including the description of new species. Organisms Diversity and Evolution.

    Hemp, C., Heller, K.-G., Warchałowska-Śliwa E. & Hemp, A. (in press) Spotted males, uniform females and the lowest chromosome number in Tettigoniids recorded: Review of the genus Gonatoxia Karsch (Orthoptera: Phaneropterinae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift.

    Johns, P.M. & Hemp, C. (2015) Redescription of Libanasa brachyura Karny, 1928. (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae: ?Lutosinae) from Tanzania and problems at the subfamily level. Zootaxa, 3946 (1), 113–124.

    Massa, B. (2015) Taxonomy and distribution of some katydids (Orthoptera Tettigoniidae) from tropical Africa. ZooKeys, 524, 17–44.

    Rowell, C.H.F., Hemp, C. & Harvey, A.W. (2015) Jago´s Grasshoppers of East and North East Africa. Volume 1: Pneumoridae, Pyrgomorphidae, Lentulidae, Pamphagidae and Dericorythidae. Blurb Publishers. ISBN 978-1-32-046414-7.