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Published: 2017-06-06

Revision of the circumtropical glasseye fish Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Perciformes: Priacanthidae), with resurrection of two species

California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, U.S.A. Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Immunology, University of Vigo, Spain National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, Pingung, Taiwan
National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, Pingung, Taiwan Institute of Marine Biology, National Museum of Marine Biology, Pingtung, Taiwan
Pisces Circumtropical genetics Heteropriacanthus carolinus Heteropriacanthus fulgens teleostei taxonomy


The glasseye fish Heteropriacanthus, previously known as a monotypic genus, is now divided into three species based on morphological and genetic features. After examination on the type specimens and literature, herein we resurrect two junior binomens, H. carolinus (Cuvier, 1829) from the Indo-Pacific Ocean and H. fulgens (Lowe, 1838) from the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801) is now considered to be restricted to the Atlantic and southwestern Indian oceans. In light of these observations we discuss the evolutionary history of the genus.




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