Phylum Brachiopoda, shelled marine invertebrates, is currently represented by about 400 extant species; a tiny fraction of the ca. 30,000 described fossil species (Emig et al. 2013; Bitner 2014; Nauendorf et al. 2014; Logan et al. 2015). Only twenty of these Recent species are known from the Chilean coasts (Lee et al. 2008), most of them from subtidal waters. Of these, only Magellania venosa (Dixon, 1789) (the largest extant brachiopod) and Discinisca lamellosa (Broderip, 1833) are common species found in the southern and central-northern coasts of the country, respectively. As with other marine invertebrates, brachiopods from the region have been reviewed in few studies, apart from some classic nineteenth century works by Sowerby (1822); Broderip (1833); Davidson (1878, 1888); Dall (1895, 1902, 1908), and by Dall and Pilsbry (1891). More recent studies include Cooper (1973, 1982) and Foster (1989) reviewing brachiopods from the Southern Hemisphere and the extreme South Pacific; Zezina (1981, 1989) describing species from the underwater ridges of the Eastern Pacific; Moyano (1995) who revised all the literature dealing with Brachiopoda in Chile; and most recently Baumgarten et al. (2014) who studied the population structure of Magellania venosa in the fjord region of southern Chile.
Araya, J.F. (2013) A new species of Aeneator Finlay, 1926 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from northern Chile, with comments on the genus and a key to the Chilean species. ZooKeys, 257, 89–101.
Araya, J.F. (2016) New records of deep-sea sea spiders (Chelicerata: Pycnogonida) in the southeastern Pacific. Marine Biodiversity, 46, 725–729.
Baumgarten, S., Laudien, J., Jantzen, C., Häussermann, V. & Försterra, G. (2014) Population structure, growth and production of a recent brachiopod from the Chilean fjord region. Marine Ecology, 35 (4), 401–413.
Bitner, M.A. (2014) Living brachiopods from French Polynesia, Central Pacific, with descriptions of two new species. Pacific Science, 68, 245–265.
Broderip, W.J. (1833) Description of some new species of Cuvier’s family of Brachiopoda. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1, 124–125.
Brunton, C.H.C., Cocks, L.R.M. & Dance, S.P. (1967) Brachiopods in the Linnaean Collection. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 178, 161–183.
Cooper, G.A. (1973) Vema's Brachiopoda (Recent). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 17, 1–52.
Cooper, G.A. (1982) New brachiopods from the Southern Hemisphere and Cryptopora from Oregon. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 41, 1–43.
Dall W.H. (1895) Report on the Mollusca and Brachiopoda dredged in deep water, chiefly near the Hawaiian Islands, with illustrations of hitherto unfigured species from northwest America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 17, 675–733.
Dall, W.H. (1908) The Mollusca and Brachiopoda. Reports on the scientific results of the Expeditions to the Eastern Tropical Pacific by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer ”Albatross”, from October, 1904, to March, 1905. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 43, 439–445.
Dall, W.H. & Pilsbry, H.A. (1891) Terebratulina (unguicula CPR. var?) kiiensis, Dall and Pilsbry. Nautilus, 5 (2), 18–19.
Davidson, T. (1878) Extract from a Report to Professor Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S., Director of the Civilian Staff, on the Brachiopoda Dredged by H.M.S. Challenger. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 27 (188), 428–239.
Davidson, T. (1888) A monograph of Recent Brachiopoda. Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London, Series 2, Zoology, 4, 1–248.
Emig, C.C., Bitner, M.A. & Álvarez, F. (2013) Phylum Brachiopoda. In: Zhang, Z-Q. (Ed.), Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa, 3703, 75–78.
Fisher, P. &Oehlert, D.P. (1892) Brachiopodes. In: Mission Scientifique du Cap Horn (1882–1883). Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle d’Autun, 5, 1–83.
Foster, M.W. (1974) Recent Antarctic and Subantarctic brachiopods: Antarctic Research. Series 21. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 189 pp.
Foster, M.W. (1989) Brachiopods from the extreme South Pacific and adjacent waters. Journal of Paleontology, 63, 268–301.
Lee, M.R., Castilla, J.C., Fernandez, M., Clarke, M., Gonzalez, C., Hermosilla, C., Prado, L., Rozbaczylo, N. & Valdovinos, C. (2008) Free-living benthic marine invertebrates in Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 81 (1), 51–67.
Logan, A. Hoffmann, J. & Lüter, C. (2015) Checklist of Recent thecideoid brachiopods from the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, with a description of a new species of Thecidellina from Europa Island and a re-description of T. blochmanni Dall from Christmas Island. Zootaxa, 4013 (2), 225–234.
Moyano, G.H.I. (1995) Braquiopoda. In: Simonetti, J.A., Arroyo, M.T.K., Spotorno, A.E. & Lozada, E. (Eds.), Diversidad Biológica de Chile. Comité Nacional de Diversidad Biológica. Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Santiago, pp. 158–162.
Nauendorf, A., Wörheide, G. & Lüter, C. (2014) Revision of the brachiopod genus Amphithyris (Rhynchonelliformea: Platidiidae) with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa, 3847 (2), 221–240.
Reiswig, H. & Araya, J.F. (2014) A review of the Hexactinellida (Porifera) of Chile, with the first record of Caulophacus Schulze, 1885 (Lyssacinosida: Rossellidae) from the Southeastern Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa, 3889 (3), 414–428.
Sowerby, G.B. (1822) Remarks on the genera Orbicula and Crania of Lamarck, with description of two species of each genus; and some Observations proving the Patella distorta of Montagu to be a species of Crania. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 13, 465–472.
Zezina, O.N. (1981) New and rare cancellothyroid brachiopods. Trudy Instituta Okeanologiya, 115, 155–164. [in Russian, English summary]
Zezina, O.N. (1989) Composition and distribution of articulate brachiopods from the underwater ridges of the Eastern Pacific. Trudy Instituta Okeanologiya, 124, 264–268.
Zezina, O.N. (2010) Check-list of Holocene brachiopods annotated with geographical ranges of species. Paleontological Journal, 44, 1176–1199.