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Type: Article
Published: 2019-02-25
Page range: 257–272
Abstract views: 328
PDF downloaded: 5

Vampire in the darkness: a new genus and species of land leech exclusively bloodsucking cave-dwelling bats from China (Hirudinda: Arhynchobdellida: Haemadipsidae)

College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China These authors contributed equally to the study
These authors contributed equally to the study Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston IL 61920, USA Institute of Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation Biology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston IL 61920, USA
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resource, Guangzhou 510000, China
College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China
Mammalia Land leeches Sinospelaeobdella gen. n. Sinospelaeobdella wulingensis sp. n. DNA taxonomy Phylogeny Cave-dwelling bats


Land leeches in the family Haemadipsidae are mostly from the humid tropical rainforest habitats and habitually take blood from the body of human and other animals. In the present study, we report a new species, Sinospelaeobdella wulingensis sp. n., from caves in the northern subtropical Wuling Mountains of central-south China that feeds blood exclusively on cave-dwelling bats. Based on morphological characteristics, COI gene sequence divergence, and phylogenetic analysis, a new genus Sinospelaeobdella gen. n. is established for the new species, to which a previously described species Haemadipsa cavatuses Yang et al., 2009 is transferred as S. cavatuses comb. n. We also provided extended discussion on phylogenetic relationship within the “Tritetrabdellinaeclade uncovered in a previous study, DNA taxonomy, morphological and behavioral adaptions, biogeography, and possible involvement of Sinospelaeobdella gen. n. in bat transmitted diseases of public concerns.



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